Society of Friends


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Birth Elizabeth Hooton
Elizabeth Carrier, who later as EH became one of the earliest Quaker preachers, was born.
Blain, Virginia et al., editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Birth Anne Whitehead
According to the ODNB Anne Downer (later AW , early Quaker convert) was born at Charlbury in Oxfordshire, one of three sisters, at a less than certain date.
An Anne Downer, daughter of Andrew...
Characters Mrs E. M. Foster
This book differs from Foster's first two novels, in that it is shorter (two volumes instead of three or four), not historical but rather a sentimental novel about courtship, and originally published by Minerva as...
Characters Emma Caroline Wood
It traces the life of Sabina Rock, an orphan in a Quaker family, through her teenage years. This prodigy, who runs no risk of ever being mistaken for an ordinary mortal,
Athenæum. J. Lection.
2097 (1868): 15
Characters Dorothy Richardson
In Dimple Hill, the middle-aged Miriam goes on a holiday in Sussex, and remains there living on the farm named in the title as a paying guest of a family of Quakers ...
Characters Sarah Daniels
A foreword by Jalna Hanmer explains that the play addresses the early-seventeenth-century shift towards male doctors' control of women's reproduction through new technology (the introduction of forceps) and through religion (the execution of witches)...
Characters Constance Smedley
The protagonist and letter-writer, Samuel Pumphrey,
Smedley, Constance. Justice Walk. G. Allen and Unwin.
is a a Quaker clerk, puritan, provincial and utterly inartistic,
Smedley, Constance, and Maxwell Armfield. Crusaders. Chatto & Windus.
as well as initially self-righteous. Before the story begins he was saving money to marry his beloved...
Cultural formation Barbara Blaugdone
She was said to have been well-connected, though whether this was through her parents or her husband is likewise unclear. Her contacts suggest that she was at least at ease with the upper classes, and...
Cultural formation Elizabeth Hooton
Elizabeth was born to a Baptist family, and was very active within the movement. She was already an established preacher well before she became perhaps the first person to join George Fox in the embryonic...
Cultural formation Mary Penington
MP and her second husband made the momentous conversion to Quakerism , though the mediation of two Friends named Thomas Curtis and William Simpson .
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Cultural formation Catherine Hutton
CH grew up in a Dissenting family which suffered for its beliefs. She had a number of Quaker friends, to whom she unembarrassedly used thou and thee. She wrote that she almost became a...
Cultural formation Eleanor Rathbone
ER came from a long-established English family settled in Liverpool, with a tradition of industrialism, philanthropy, high culture, Liberalism, and Dissent (either Quaker or Unitarian ).
Cultural formation Elizabeth Ashbridge
She left the Dublin cousin because she hated his Quaker religion. Naturally vivacious, this teenaged widow found her cousin's gloomy sense of sorrow and conviction,
Ashbridge, Elizabeth, and Arthur Charles Curtis. Quaker Grey. Astolat Press.
and his disapproval of singing and dancing more than...
Cultural formation May Kendall
Later in life she involved herself with the Quakers or Society of Friends . Diana Maltz notes that although she was not a Quaker herself, she was closely allied with their institutional activities and contributed...
Cultural formation Frances Bellerby
While her husband was going though a series of shifts in his political and moral thinking, FB in 1934 became a Quaker . Her reason for this was the Quakers' anti-war stance.
Gittings, Robert, and Frances Bellerby. “Introduction”. Selected Poems, edited by Anne Stevenson and Anne Stevenson, Enitharmon Press.


17 August 1612: The trial of the Lancashire witches resulted...

National or international item

17 August 1612

The trial of the Lancashire witches resulted in the execution of seven women and one man.

8 July 1618: Michael Dalton had entered in the Stationers'...

Building item

8 July 1618

Michael Dalton had entered in the Stationers' Register his book The Countrey Justice, Containing the Practice of the Justices of the Peace out of their Sessions, designed to raise the level of local administration...

1653: Andrew Sowle finished his apprenticeship...

Building item


Andrew Sowle finished his apprenticeship (to the Nonconformist printer Ruth Raworth ), and began printing Quaker texts from an unknown address.

9 December 1655: Cromwell issued an edict legally permitting...

National or international item

9 December 1655

Cromwell issued an edict legally permitting Jewish resettlement in England. The Jews had been expelled in 1290, though individuals had now been living in England unofficially for more than a century.

9 July 1656: John Evelyn made a sight-seeing visit to...

Building item

9 July 1656

John Evelyn made a sight-seeing visit to Quakers in prison at Ipswich, Suffolk; he thought them a melancholy proud sort of people, and exceedingly ignorant.

October 1656: Quaker maverick James Nayler set out to demonstrate...

National or international item

October 1656

Quaker maverick James Nayler set out to demonstrate the spirit of Christ within him by staging an entry into Bristol riding on a donkey, as Christ had ridden into Jerusalem.

10 June 1658: The Quaker Sarah Blackborow published the...

Women writers item

10 June 1658

The QuakerSarah Blackborow published the earliest of her several signed pamphlets, A Visit to the Spirit in Prison.

1659-60: Quakers accounted for 10% of all titles printed...

Writing climate item


Quakers accounted for 10% of all titles printed in England, though they were only 1% of the population.

1 June 1660: Mary Dyer (a colonial immigrant from England...

Writing climate item

1 June 1660

Mary Dyer (a colonial immigrant from England and a friend of Anne Hutchinson ) was hanged in Boston, Massachusetts, for preaching as a member of the Society of Friends .

January 1661: Fifth Monarchists (who expected the Second...

National or international item

January 1661

Fifth Monarchists (who expected the Second Coming and political rule of Christ, and had opposed the Cromwell ian government too) staged an uprising against the new king, Charles II .

1662: The Printing or Licensing Act restored the...

Writing climate item


The Printing or Licensing Act restored the principles of government censorship which had been current before the Civil War: it limited the number of printers and required them to put their names on their works.

August 1663: The Kaber Rigg Plot in the North of England...

National or international item

August 1663

The Kaber Rigg Plot in the North of England caused renewed persecution of Quakers .

1665: Lillias Skene (born Lillias Gillespie in...

Women writers item


Lillias Skene (born Lillias Gillespie in 1626), wife of a leading Aberdeen citizen and a recent convert to the Quakerism , penned the first poem in a volume which she went on using till her...

1667: The Quakers established Monthly Meetings...

Building item


The Quakers established Monthly Meetings to direct the business and lives of their members.

1669: William Penn published No Cross, no Crown,...

Writing climate item


William Penn published No Cross, no Crown, a manifesto on behalf of the Quakers .


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