Society of Friends


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Birth Elizabeth Hooton
Elizabeth Carrier, who later as EH became one of the earliest Quaker preachers, was born.
Blain, Virginia et al., editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Birth Anne Whitehead
According to the ODNB Anne Downer (later AW , early Quaker convert) was born at Charlbury in Oxfordshire, one of three sisters, at a less than certain date.
An Anne Downer, daughter of Andrew...
Characters Emma Caroline Wood
It traces the life of Sabina Rock, an orphan in a Quaker family, through her teenage years. This prodigy, who runs no risk of ever being mistaken for an ordinary mortal,
Athenæum. J. Lection.
2097 (1868): 15
Characters Sarah Daniels
A foreword by Jalna Hanmer explains that the play addresses the early-seventeenth-century shift towards male doctors' control of women's reproduction through new technology (the introduction of forceps) and through religion (the execution of witches)...
Characters Dorothy Richardson
In Dimple Hill, the middle-aged Miriam goes on a holiday in Sussex, and remains there living on the farm named in the title as a paying guest of a family of Quakers ...
Characters Mrs E. M. Foster
This book differs from Foster's first two novels, in that it is shorter (two volumes instead of three or four), not historical but rather a sentimental novel about courtship, and originally published by Minerva as...
Characters Constance Smedley
The protagonist and letter-writer, Samuel Pumphrey,
Smedley, Constance. Justice Walk. G. Allen and Unwin.
is a a Quaker clerk, puritan, provincial and utterly inartistic,
Smedley, Constance, and Maxwell Armfield. Crusaders. Chatto & Windus.
as well as initially self-righteous. Before the story begins he was saving money to marry his beloved...
Cultural formation Hester Biddle
Brought up an Anglican , she was initially disturbed at the King 's execution. In the bloody City of London she lived like the prodigal son after his riotous period had ended, feeding ....
Cultural formation Mary Penington
MP and her second husband made the momentous conversion to Quakerism , though the mediation of two Friends named Thomas Curtis and William Simpson .
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Cultural formation Bathsheba Bowers
After her move to Philadelphia, BB attended Quaker meetings regularly, but without recovering the sweetness her soul had felt at her first conversion. She did not confide her religious difficulties, but kept them to herself...
Cultural formation Eleanor Rathbone
ER came from a long-established English family settled in Liverpool, with a tradition of industrialism, philanthropy, high culture, Liberalism, and Dissent (either Quaker or Unitarian ).
Cultural formation May Drummond
The Gracechurch Street, London, Meeting of the Society of Friends decided to expel MD from the Society.
Reilly, Matthew. “The Life and Literary Fictions of May Drummond, Quaker Female Preacher”. Eighteenth-Century Fiction, Vol.
, No. 2, pp. 287-12.
306, 310
Cultural formation Katharine Bruce Glasier
Either KBG had become a member of the Society of Friends in time to send her youngest child to a Quaker school, or else the example of the school persuaded her to convert.
Thompson, Laurence. The Enthusiasts. Victor Gollancz Limited.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Cultural formation Bathsheba Bowers
BB became something of a recluse in Philadelphia. According to her niece Ann Bolton, she was prone to reading the Bible with the intention of finding fault with it,
Mulford, Carla et al., editors. Dictionary of Literary Biography. Gale Research.
and yet more shockingly sometimes...
Cultural formation Amelia Opie
AO , who had left the Unitarian church in 1814 and taken the decision to convert to Quakerism, had her application to join the Society of Friends accepted.
Opie, Amelia. “Introduction”. Adeline Mowbray, edited by Shelley King and John B. Pierce, Oxford University Press, p. i - xxix.


17 August 1612: The trial of the Lancashire witches resulted...

National or international item

17 August 1612

The trial of the Lancashire witches resulted in the execution of seven women and one man.

8 July 1618: Michael Dalton had entered in the Stationers'...

Building item

8 July 1618

Michael Dalton had entered in the Stationers' Register his book The Countrey Justice, Containing the Practice of the Justices of the Peace out of their Sessions, designed to raise the level of local administration...

1653: Andrew Sowle finished his apprenticeship...

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Andrew Sowle finished his apprenticeship (to the Nonconformist printer Ruth Raworth ), and began printing Quaker texts from an unknown address.

9 December 1655: Cromwell issued an edict legally permitting...

National or international item

9 December 1655

Cromwell issued an edict legally permitting Jewish resettlement in England. The Jews had been expelled in 1290, though individuals had now been living in England unofficially for more than a century.

9 July 1656: John Evelyn made a sight-seeing visit to...

Building item

9 July 1656

John Evelyn made a sight-seeing visit to Quakers in prison at Ipswich, Suffolk; he thought them a melancholy proud sort of people, and exceedingly ignorant.

October 1656: Quaker maverick James Nayler set out to demonstrate...

National or international item

October 1656

Quaker maverick James Nayler set out to demonstrate the spirit of Christ within him by staging an entry into Bristol riding on a donkey, as Christ had ridden into Jerusalem.

10 June 1658: The Quaker Sarah Blackborow published the...

Women writers item

10 June 1658

The QuakerSarah Blackborow published the earliest of her several signed pamphlets, A Visit to the Spirit in Prison.

1659-60: Quakers accounted for 10% of all titles printed...

Writing climate item


Quakers accounted for 10% of all titles printed in England, though they were only 1% of the population.

1 June 1660: Mary Dyer (a colonial immigrant from England...

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1 June 1660

Mary Dyer (a colonial immigrant from England and a friend of Anne Hutchinson ) was hanged in Boston, Massachusetts, for preaching as a member of the Society of Friends .

January 1661: Fifth Monarchists (who expected the Second...

National or international item

January 1661

Fifth Monarchists (who expected the Second Coming and political rule of Christ, and had opposed the Cromwell ian government too) staged an uprising against the new king, Charles II .

1662: The Printing or Licensing Act restored the...

Writing climate item


The Printing or Licensing Act restored the principles of government censorship which had been current before the Civil War: it limited the number of printers and required them to put their names on their works.

August 1663: The Kaber Rigg Plot in the North of England...

National or international item

August 1663

The Kaber Rigg Plot in the North of England caused renewed persecution of Quakers .

1665: Lillias Skene (born Lillias Gillespie in...

Women writers item


Lillias Skene (born Lillias Gillespie in 1626), wife of a leading Aberdeen citizen and a recent convert to the Quakerism , penned the first poem in a volume which she went on using till her...

1667: The Quakers established Monthly Meetings...

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The Quakers established Monthly Meetings to direct the business and lives of their members.

1669: William Penn published No Cross, no Crown,...

Writing climate item


William Penn published No Cross, no Crown, a manifesto on behalf of the Quakers .


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