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21 July 1773
The Order of Jesuits was abolished by Pope Clement XIV ; they took refuge in Prussia, where their presence fed English anti-Catholicism.
30 October 1899
The siege of Ladysmith began: General Sir George Stuart White , besieged by Boer forces at this Transvaal town, decided to hold the town and await relief from more British troops under Sir Redvers Buller .
October 1830
In Van Diemen's Land (later Tasmania) the Black Line was formed: thousands of able-bodied male colonists (convict or free)
McGrath, Ann, editor. Contested Ground: Australian Aborigines under the British Crown. Allen and Unwin, 1995.
formed a human chain to drive the remaining Aborigine (or Pallawah) population off their lands.
Black-and-white photo of Margaret Atwood standing at a podium and speaking into a microphone, gesturing with her hands, 5 April 1973.

Margaret Atwood

Well before the end of the twentieth century MA had become one of Canada's leading writers in multiple genres. She now writes for a global audience who read her more than forty novels , poetry,short...
Black and white photograph of a line engraving of Catharine Trotter by an unknown artist, shown from the waist up. She wears a simple dark dress with scooped neckline over a white ruffled chemise. Her light hair is brushed back and hangs down behind her shoulders. The oval portrait is placed as if set into a wall, with a plaque below bearing her married name : "Catharine Cockburn". National Portrait Gallery.

Catharine Trotter

Since the late twentieth century CT has been known chiefly for her early writings, shortly before and after the year 1700, which include tragedies, poetry, a comedy, and a short fiction. Though this first phase...
1 June 1839
John Conolly became the resident physician at Hanwell Lunatic Asylum ; he proved that a large mental institution could be managed without physical discipline.
19 February 1820
Madame Vestris starred in a comic opera at Drury Lane Theatre to mixed reviews; she did not achieve fame until she started playing male roles.
Elisabeth Kuyper , a Dutch composer and conductor, founded the London Women's Symphony Orchestra .
16 January 1646
London Aldermen petitioned Parliament against the Independent sects on the grounds of their women preaching.
June 1920
The Coming Day, from the Free Church League for Women's Suffrage , ended its monthly publication in London.
April 1781
Giuseppi Baretti sought to make the Royal Academy exhibitions more accessible by publishing A Guide through the Academy.
October 1839-August 1841
Samuel Warren 's Ten Thousand A Year was serialised in Blackwood's Magazine.
John Lane published The Candid Courtship, a feministnovel by Madge Mears .
30 April 1829
John Lindley gave his inaugural lecture as the first professor of botany at the newly established London University .
5 July 1962
Algeria was proclaimed an independent country two days after France officially recognized its sovereignty.
During these years (called the Killing Times) seventy-eight Scots Covenanters were executed on the spot for refusing to deny their religious allegiance; others were executed after trial.
The first thread sewing machine for bookbinding was invented by David McConnell Smyth of Hartford, Connecticut.
Women achieved suffrage in Victoria, Australia.
10 May 1951
Actress Vivien Leigh and actor Laurence Olivier began the season at St James's Theatre , London, alternately playing Shaw 's Caesar and Cleopatra and Shakespeare 's Antony and Cleopatra.
1 June 1850
Alfred Tennyson anonymously published his poetic sequence In Memoriam.
27 August 1950
The BBC made its first live television broadcast from the Continent (from Calais) using outside broadcast equipment.
About 9 September 1985
Race riots occurred at Handsworth in Birmingham and at Chapeltown in Leeds.
12 November 1975
The UK's Sex Discrimination Act legislated against non-contractual discrimination on the basis of sex, and established the Equal Opportunities Commission to monitor progress.
An Act of Settlement confirmed that poor relief could be received only in one's parish of settlement (that is, in one's birthplace).
5 May 1821
The Manchester Guardian began publication in Manchester; the newspaper ran until 22 August 1959, when it changed its title to the Guardian and moved its offices to London.
6 July 1924
Hans Berger developed the electro-encephalogram (EEG) for monitoring brain waves. He published his developments five years later.
By January 1754
Richard Glover 's Short History of Boadicea, the British Queen, was published (staged at Drury Lane late the previous year).
Before 1638
William Page , Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford , created a proto-feminist text entitled Womens Worth: A Treatise proveing by sundrie reasons that woemen do excell men.
10 March 1812 to September 1818
Byron published the first two cantos of his narrative-reflective poemChilde Harold's Pilgrimage.
Hamish Hamilton established his own publishing house at 90 Great Russell Street, London.
September 1949
PEN International held a conference in Venice. Delegates included W. H. Auden , C. P. Snow , Pamela Hansford Johnson , and Cecily Mackworth .
By early September 1986
Kingsley Amis published his novelThe Old Devils, which won the Booker Prize from a strong field after a tie with What's Bred in the Bone by Robertson Davies was broken by a casting...
Following the Great Fire of London, Robert Hooke designed the new Bedlam Hospital in Moorfields, London.
January 2007
The iPhone, launched by Apple at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas combined a mobile phone with touch-screen, web browser, camera, and MP3 player.

Jane Williams

JW 's eight books and several periodical publications appeared from the pre-Victorian to the mid-Victorian period in a number of genres, including poetry, literary criticism (of women writers in particular), and an account of her...
29 October 1858
Telegraphic communication was established between the major Australian cities of Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney.
23 April 1979
Blair Peach , a London teacher, suffered a fractured skull when he was hit on the head by a police officer as he was leaving an anti-National Front demonstration at Southall. He died...
17 July 1837
The Offences Against the Person Act re-stated that abortion was illegal in England, Wales, and Ireland; it made no distinction between abortion before and after the quickening of the foetus.
Romain Rolland published Vies des hommmes illustres. Beethoven.
10 December 1903
Sir William Randal Cremer from Great Britain was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in establishing the International Arbitration League , an organization that promoted arbitration between two sovereign governments.
9 July 1785
Publisher-printer William Strahan died worth nearly £100,000. His firm was at this date operating eleven printing presses.
Barbara Wootton (created the first woman life peer in 1958) became deputy speaker of the House of Lords , first woman to sit on the woolsack
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
in an institution which she saw as democratically indefensible...
March 1877
The London School of Medicine for Women achieved an agreement for the use of hospital facilities.
Margaret Leeson , alias Peg Plunkett, who was well-known for her thirty years as a courtesan and brothel-keeper, mostly in Dublin, set out to raise cash by publishing Memoirs of Mrs. Margaret Leeson.
28 October 2008
Nina Sankovitch , an American woman with a law degree, a job, and a family, embarked on her forty-sixth birthday on a year of reading a book a day and posting an online review of...
Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch ), Italian father of the sonnet, circulated in manuscript his Canzoniere or Rime sparse or Rerum Vulgarium Fragmenta, which include his most famous love poems to Laura (who, he wrote, had recently died).
By December 1919
Peggy Webling published Verses to Men, a collection of her poetry.

Lucy Knox

LK published two volumes of poetry, mainly sonnets, in the late 1800s. Her poems included some on political and social issues, exploring marriage, religion, Anglo-Irish relations, and the Woman Question with a directness and clarity...
Friedrich Nietzsche published Der Antichrist (The Anti-Christ).
7 March 1965
Newsmen and tv cameras recorded a brutal attack by state troopers at Selma, Alabama, on marchers peacefully protesting against earlier violence (and a death) during a drive to register black voters.