Presbyterian Church


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Characters Elizabeth Helme
The title-page bears an epigraph from James Thomson , about the moral struggle of honour and aspiration against ease and luxury. It opens on an old-fashioned couple in their great Yorkshire house, Mr and Mrs...
Characters Sophie Veitch
This well-characterized and engaging novel puts forward the idea that passion is necessary although dangerous if uncontrolled: an idea anticipating Veitch's later sensation novel The Dean's Daughter. The story is set at a town...
Characters Sophie Veitch
Though the title spotlights her alone, the heroine is set firmly in her social milieu: a coastal part of Scotland with a luxury estate on an offshore island called Moyle, all unknown territory to...
Cultural formation Charlotte Stopes
Though little is known about her early religious experiences, she brought up her daughters as members of the Free Church of Scotland .
Commire, Anne, and Deborah Klezmer, editors. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Yorkin Publications, 2002.
According to her daughter Marie , CS raised them in the...
Cultural formation Anne Halkett
Her parents were both Scots of the professional classes, with links on each side to the nobility, which AH emphasizes at a date when she had married into the latter class.
Halkett, Anne, Anne Halkett, and Ann, Lady Fanshawe. “The Memoirs of Anne, Lady Halkett”. The Memoirs of Anne, Lady Halkett, and Ann, Lady Fanshawe, edited by John Loftis and John Loftis, Clarendon Press, 1979, pp. 9 - 87.
AH was a...
Cultural formation Elisabeth Wast
As her piety increased she wondered whether she ought to limit herself, as a woman friend had decided to do, to hearing the preaching only of the strictest ministers, who were considering breaking with the...
Cultural formation Sara Maitland
Brought up a Presbyterian , SM was received into the Anglo-Catholic church in 1972 (the year of her marriage and of her husband's appointment as a parish priest) and later became a Roman Catholic .
“Contemporary Authors”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Centre-LRC.
Cultural formation Elizabeth Bathurst
She did this to the Presbyterian congregation of Samuel Annesley , but they had not patience to hear her, and dragged her and her sister away, although she had patiently waited until the end of...
Cultural formation Iris Murdoch
IM was born Irish but grew up in England from babyhood, with holidays in Ireland. Her mother's family, with a history as Anglo-Irish adherents of the Church of Ireland , had come down in the...
Cultural formation Marie Stopes
MS seems also to have reacted against her mother's inculcation of the hellfire beliefs of the particularly harsh brand of Presbyterianism associated with the Wee Free or Free Church of Scotland .
Commire, Anne, and Deborah Klezmer, editors. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Yorkin Publications, 2002.
Maude, Aylmer. The Authorized Life of Marie C. Stopes. Williams and Norgate, 1924.
As an...
Cultural formation Olivia Manning
OM 's family was lower-middle-class. (The Braybrookes' biography remarks that having come from this narrowest, most prejudiced class in England . . . . she had successfully declassed herself.)
Braybrooke, Neville, and Isobel English. Olivia Manning: A Life. Chatto and Windus, 2004.
Her father was English...
Cultural formation Grisell Murray
GM was born into the Scottish Presbyterian gentry; her parents were strongly committed to their religion and the generation before them had suffered as Covenanters for their commitment. In maturity she inhabited the slightly awkward...
Cultural formation Jane Hume Clapperton
JHC 's large, wealthy middle-class, Scottish family had Liberal leanings, and was presumably Presbyterian , having affiliations with the parishes of St Giles's and St Cuthbert's in Edinburgh.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Chambers, William. Story of St. Giles’ Cathedral Church. W & R Chambers, 1879.
JHC remained committed to the...
Cultural formation Lesley Storm
She was brought up in the Church of Scotland .
Ravenhall, Chris. “Lesley Storm’s Three Goose Quills and a Knife: A Burns Play Rediscovered”. Studies in Scottish Literature, pp. 46 -54.
Cultural formation Elizabeth Hamilton
She grew up Anglican like her parents, and shared this faith with the uncle who brought her up. Her aunt, however, was a Presbyterian , so that Elizabeth had an example of toleration before her...


John Calvin , who became the single greatest influence on the Reform movement, published The Institutes of the Christian Religion.
September 1607
Hugh O'Neill 's rebellion in Ireland came to a final end with the Flight of the Earls: this was the last stand of Gaelic Ireland against the colonising English.
By May 1619
The Calvinist Synod of Dort in Holland confirmed the doctrine of total human depravity, setting it at the head of their articles of doctrine.
October 1636
The Scottish Privy Council was ordered to issue a proclamation compelling the Scottish Kirk to use the new (Anglican ) Scottish Prayer Book designed by Laud .
April 1637
Alexander Henderson of Leuchars, a godly leader of the Scottish Kirk , held a secret meeting with a group of Edinburgh matrons to enlist their aid in resistance against the imposition of the new (...
23 July 1637
The AnglicanBook of Common Prayer was used for the first time, according to Charles I 's order, at St Giles's Church in Edinburgh, the centre of the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church.
28 February 1638
At Greyfriars Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotsmen opposed to Charles I 's imposition of the AnglicanBook of Common Prayer on the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church signed a National Covenant against such innovations: in...
December 1638
The Glasgow Assembly , a newly formed, radical body representing the Scottish Kirk (some weeks after a first meeting in the cathedral at Glasgow) formally condemned Charles I 's Scottish Prayer Book.
27 March-June 1639
Charles I made war on the ScottishCovenanters , or adherents of Presbyterianism .
20 August 1640
The Scots (provoked by Charles I 's imposition of the AnglicanBook of Common Prayer on the Scottish Presbyterian Church in 1637) invaded England, and for the second time in eighteen months their monarch marched against them.
September 1643
Parliament entered into the Solemn League and Covenant with the Scots, which committed them to accepting the reformed religion (i.e. Presbyterianism ) in Scotland and establishing it in England.
6 August 1647
Cromwell 's New Model Army marched on London to quell an attempted Presbyterian counter-revolution.
27 January 1649
Ann or Anne Fairfax (wife of the former parliamentary commander Sir Thomas Fairfax ) made her second verbal intervention in the trial of Charles I .
22 May 1661
The common hangman at London publicly burned the Covenant with the Scots, as a symbol of stamping out Presbyterianism in England.
7 December 1666
More than a hundred Covenanters were found guilty of rebellion and sentenced to be hanged with particular brutality from the Mercat Cross in Edinburgh.