Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation John Henry Newman
Brought up, educated, and ordained in the Anglican Church , JHN began, with others, to entertain fears for its future as a national church. Emancipation of Catholics and Dissenters led them to suppose that the...
Cultural formation Elizabeth Cairns
EC was a Dissenter and apparently a Covenanter (that is, one of those who opposed episcopacy in Scotland). She carefully charts her religious development from childhood: her early delight in God's creation, her awe in...
Cultural formation Frances Notley
FN 's christening in the Church of England is listed as having taken place at Old St Pancras Church in London on 24 January 1843. If there is no mistake in this record, her being...
Cultural formation Mary Chandler
MC belonged to the English middle class; her family background was both Old Dissent and Old Whig (which meant that during the Civil War they had been anti-royalist).
Shuttleton, David. “Mary Chandler’s <span data-tei-ns-tag="tei_title" data-tei-title-lvl=‘m’>Description of Bath</span> (1733): the poetic topographies of an Augustan tradeswoman”. Women’s Writing, Vol.
, No. 3, pp. 447-67.
Cultural formation Margaret Oliphant
Her family were Dissenters . When Margaret was fifteen the Free Church of Scotland split from its parent body; her parents espoused the rigidly opinionated new sect.
Cultural formation Mary Maria Colling
Baptised a Congregationalist , that is in contemporary terms a Dissenter , MMC later became a practising Anglican . She was deeply religious.
“FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service”. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Bray, Anna Eliza, and Mary Maria Colling. “Letters to Robert Southey”. Fables and Other Pieces in Verse by M.M. Colling, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, pp. 1-85.
An Independent church in England is normally Congregational, though the Wesleyan Independent sect also existed.
Bozman, Ernest Franklin, editor. Everyman’s Encyclopaedia. J. M. Dent.
Cultural formation Amelia Opie
She came from a cultured, financially comfortable middle-class but Unitarian English family. Her class status meant that even after she converted from Dissent to Quakerism ,
Opie, Amelia. “Introduction”. Adeline Mowbray, edited by Shelley King and John B. Pierce, Oxford University Press, p. i - xxix.
her attitudes remained worldly in comparison with those...
Cultural formation Ivy Compton-Burnett
Both parents came from Dissenting backgrounds; Ivy's maternal grandfather was a fervent Methodist . She herself, after inventing fictitious deities as a child and being baptised and confirmed in the Anglican church, chose from an...
Cultural formation Sarah Savage
SS was a Welshwoman but with strong ties to England, belonging to the professional classes but accustomed to the stigma of Nonconformity in a society where the Established Church was a vital plank in the...
Cultural formation Margiad Evans
ME wrote that she hated many of the forms of Christianity and other religions . . . . because of the sacrifice at the centre of them—the sacrificial blood. This hatred was connected with her...
Cultural formation Eleanor Tatlock
She was a middle-class Englishwoman, fervently Evangelical and in sympathy with Dissenters , who nevertheless continued to attend or at least embrace the sacraments of the Anglican church .
Ashfield, Andrew. Email to Isobel Grundy about Eleanor Tatlock.
Tatlock, Eleanor. Poems. S. Burton.
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Cultural formation Celia Fiennes
CF 's family were upper-class, linked to the nobility: distinguished anti-monarchists and dissenters . She took her religion seriously: at the sight of a monument to Fulke Greville which boasted his friendship with Sir Philip Sidney
Cultural formation Mary Taylor
In a letter to Elizabeth Gaskell, MT describes the house of her childhood as one of violent Dissent and Radicalism.
Taylor, Mary. Mary Taylor, Friend of Charlotte Brontë: Letters from New Zealand and Elsewhere. Editor Stevens, Joan, Auckland University Press; Oxford University Press.
Cultural formation Elizabeth Gilding
EG was born English and apparently white. Her somewhat obscure situation in life, with little leisure, probably indicates her membership in the lower middle class, and her marrying a Dissenter probably indicates that she was...
Cultural formation Dora Greenwell
Presumably white, DG was born into an upper-middle class family that was then comfortably off, but was financially devastated several years after her birth. Her religious allegiances present some confusion. She was brought up as...


March 1673: Charles II withdrew the Declaration of Indulgence...

National or international item

March 1673

Charles II withdrew the Declaration of Indulgence promulgated one year earlier, which had offered a limited degree of freedom of worship to both Dissenters and Roman Catholics .

1676: A tally taken by Church of England clergymen...

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A tally taken by Church of England clergymen and known as the Compton Census set out to number adult Catholics and Dissenters in England and Wales.

March 1686: James II's General Pardon and Royal Warrant...

National or international item

March 1686

James II 's General Pardon and Royal Warrant released another batch of persecuted Quakers from prison.

4 April 1687: James II's Abolition of the Test Act (a change...

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4 April 1687

James II 's Abolition of the Test Act (a change which was also called the Declaration of Indulgence) extended freedom of worship without penalty to Catholics and Dissenting sects; but it remained in force only...

8 June 1688: The seven bishops (the Archbishop of Canterbury...

National or international item

8 June 1688

The seven bishops (the Archbishop of Canterbury and six others) were imprisoned in the Tower of London for refusal to proclaim and distribute James II 's Declaration for Liberty of Conscience.

11 May 1792: Fox again proposed in the House of Commons...

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11 May 1792

Fox again proposed in the House of Commons that civil rights should be extended to Dissenters ; Burke, who had defended Dissenters in the past, furiously disagreed.

8 August 1851: The system of tithes (one-tenth of the produce...

National or international item

8 August 1851

The system of tithes (one-tenth of the produce of agricultural land paid yearly for the support of the Church of England ) was abolished at the instigation of William Blamire the younger (1790-1862).


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