Covenanters

Connections

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Birth Elizabeth Cairns
In this year of sharp persecution (the second year of what Covenanters later called the Killing Times), it took her parents nine months to find a minister willing to baptise her, at night.
Cairns, Elizabeth. Memoirs of the Life of Elizabeth Cairns. Editor Greig, John, John Brown.
prelims
Cultural formation Grisell Murray
GM was born into the Scottish Presbyterian gentry; her parents were strongly committed to their religion and the generation before them had suffered as Covenanters for their commitment. In maturity she inhabited the slightly awkward...
Cultural formation Elisabeth Wast
EW was a Scotswoman of the lower classes who became a godly, fervent Presbyterian , Covenanter and anti-Episcopalian. She writes that for some years she satisfied my self with the Pharisees Religion, until she...
Cultural formation Elizabeth Cairns
EC was a Dissenter and apparently a Covenanter (that is, one of those who opposed episcopacy in Scotland). She carefully charts her religious development from childhood: her early delight in God's creation, her awe in...
Family and Intimate relationships Grisell Murray
Lady Grisell or Grizell Hume , later Baillie, was the daughter of Scottish Covenanter Sir Patrick Hume (later Earl of Marchmont). Born on Christmas Day in 1665 at Redbraes Castle in Berwickshire, Grisell played...
Family and Intimate relationships Grisell Murray
As Grisell Baillie 's story makes clear, her father, Sir Patrick Hume, later Earl of Marchmont , Grisell Murray's maternal grandfather, was an important figure in Scotland, a national and religious (Presbyterian) leader. So was...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Anne Barnard
Another of LAB 's forebears, Lady Henrietta Lindsay (wife of the baronet Sir Duncan Campbell of Auchinbreck), kept a diary during the years of persecution of the Covenanters , which reached their peak in 1685...
Literary responses Josephine Tey
Reviews were mixed. The Manchester Guardian (as well as joining other papers in judging this not a woman's book) made accusations which in JT 's view hovered on the verge of libel and refused...
Literary Setting Anna Maria Mackenzie
The title-page bears a quotation from Shakespeare ; the dedication argues that the rebel Monmouth was wrong but deserving of pity. The story traces the fate of a family named Bruce; it opens with a...
Literary Setting Rosemary Sutcliff
Drumfyvie is an imaginary Scottish settlement, whose inhabitants over seven centuries tell their stories of castle and alehouse, of battlefield and workshop, of merchants waxing rich and beggars clapped in the stocks, of witch-hunts and...
politics Elizabeth Melvill
EM evidently wielded some influence in the struggle between the monarchy and its Scottish subjects, which re-ignited in April 1637 with resistance to Charles I 's attempt to impose the Scottish Prayer Book on them...
Textual Production Rosemary Sutcliff
Dundee began his distinguished military career as a scourge of the Covenanters . It was cut short at the battle of Killiecrankie where he was championing James II . His early death made him indelibly...
Textual Production Josephine Tey
JT , as Gordon Daviot, published Claverhouse, a life of John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee , who was first the scourge of the Covenanters , and then a Jacobite leader whose heroic...
Theme or Topic Treated in Text Elizabeth Isham
EI begins with a notation about a time too early for her to remember it: criing quiet at Nurs and sleeping much froward after. It seems in the absence of punctuation, that she is passing...

Timeline

23 July 1637: The Anglican Book of Common Prayer was used...

National or international item

23 July 1637

The AnglicanBook of Common Prayer was used for the first time, according to Charles I 's order, at St Giles's Church in Edinburgh, the centre of the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church.

28 February 1638: At Greyfriars Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotsmen...

National or international item

28 February 1638

At Greyfriars Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotsmen opposed to Charles I 's imposition of the AnglicanBook of Common Prayer on the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church signed a National Covenant against such innovations: in...

27 March-June 1639: Charles I made war on the Scottish Covenanters,...

National or international item

27 March-June 1639

Charles I made war on the ScottishCovenanters , or adherents of Presbyterianism .

5 May 1646: King Charles I surrendered to the Scots Covenanters,...

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5 May 1646

King Charles I surrendered to the Scots Covenanters , with whom he had been at war for seven years.

7 December 1666: More than a hundred Covenanters were found...

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7 December 1666

More than a hundred Covenanters were found guilty of rebellion and sentenced to be hanged with particular brutality from the Mercat Cross in Edinburgh.

Early 1678: Persecution of Scots Covenanters and attenders...

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Early 1678

Persecution of Scots Covenanters and attenders at secret conventicles reached a new level with the despatch of Highland troops (mostly Roman Catholics ) to enforce the law in Ayrshire.

1 June 1679: The Scottish Covenanters won their only significant...

National or international item

1 June 1679

The Scottish Covenanters won their only significant victory against government forces: the battle of Drumclog near Kilmarnock.

1684-5: During these years (called the Killing Times)...

National or international item

1684-5

During these years (called the Killing Times) seventy-eight Scots Covenanters were executed on the spot for refusing to deny their religious allegiance; others were executed after trial.

13 April 1685: Two Scotswomen, Margaret Lachlane aged sixty-three...

National or international item

13 April 1685

Two Scotswomen, Margaret Lachlane aged sixty-three and Margaret Wilson aged around twenty-five, were sentenced to execution by drowning for being Covenanters : they were tied to stakes in Wigtown Bay while the tide came in.

27 July 1689: John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee,...

National or international item

27 July 1689

John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee , led a force of Scottish Highlanders loyal to James II against William ite English soldiers in the pass of Killiecrankie.

13 February 1692: A war party of the Macdonald clan was ambushed...

National or international item

13 February 1692

A war party of the Macdonald clan was ambushed and massacred in the Pass of Glencoe in Argyllshire by a force chiefly composed of Campbells.

June 1815: Scottish artisans and textile workers demonstrating...

Building item

June 1815

Scottish artisans and textile workers demonstrating against exploitation rallied at the site of the battle of Drumclog (near Kilmarnock in Western Scotland), a Covenanter victory of 1679.

Texts

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