Presbyterian Church


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Characters Sophie Veitch
Though the title spotlights her alone, the heroine is set firmly in her social milieu: a coastal part of Scotland with a luxury estate on an offshore island called Moyle, all unknown territory to...
Characters Elizabeth Helme
The title-page bears an epigraph from James Thomson , about the moral struggle of honour and aspiration against ease and luxury. It opens on an old-fashioned couple in their great Yorkshire house, Mr and Mrs...
Characters Sophie Veitch
This well-characterized and engaging novel puts forward the idea that passion is necessary although dangerous if uncontrolled: an idea anticipating Veitch's later sensation novel The Dean's Daughter. The story is set at a town...
Cultural formation May Drummond
Born into an upwardly-mobile Scottish bourgeois family and brought up in the Church of Scotland , MD was about twenty-one when she left the church, gave up their Society and Ceremonies (without, she wrote indignantly...
Cultural formation Lucy Aikin
LA was a middle-class Englishwoman. She must have understood that she was white at an early age, when she took up the cause of abolition of slavery. The most important cultural influence on her was...
Cultural formation John Stuart Mill
JSM 's father was Scottish and brought up as a Presbyterian . He later rejected his religious training for Utilitarianism.
Mill, John Stuart, and John Jacob Coss. Autobiography. Columbia University Press, 1924.
2, 27
Cultural formation Amanda McKittrick Ros
AMKR 's parents were from Northern Irish farming stock, and she was a staunch Presbyterian . Her father's teaching had a serious influence on her, and she was persuaded at an early age that she...
Cultural formation Queen Victoria
QV was a devout Anglican , as befitted the head of the Church of England . (When in Scotland, however, she attended the local Presbyterian , that is Church of Scotland , parish church.)
Cultural formation Mary Louisa Molesworth
Though she grew up in England, MLM 's Scottish roots, on both sides of the family, were important to her. Her parents were, however, Calvinist Presbyterian s, and this faith, which she later regarded as...
Cultural formation Pearl S. Buck
PSB was born into a cohesive, coercive, and highly judgmental Presbyterian society, whose disapproval of her father's intense originality made her family close ranks against the majority of their own kind.
Spurling, Hilary. Pearl Buck in China. Simon and Schuster, 2010.
She later...
Cultural formation Sara Jeannette Duncan
SJD was strongly influenced by a Calvinist, Liberal, Scottish father and attended Zion Presbyterian Church in her hometown. Her mother brought Irish influences. The legacy of her parents and of her early years in Canada...
Cultural formation Helen Waddell
She was born a Presbyterian Northern Irishwoman with the distant Scottish roots that implies, into a highly educated family that was presumably white. Her biographer calls her temperament basically Irish, not Anglo-Saxon or monarchical
Blackett, Monica. The Mark of the Maker: A Portrait of Helen Waddell. Constable, 1973.
Cultural formation Lucy Hutchinson
She grew up in the Puritan part of the Anglican faith. She came to share some of the beliefs of the Baptist s, and later still of the Presbyterian s or Independents . She then...
Cultural formation Hannah Allen
It is not clear what sect HA was brought up in, but she was received, at about the time of her first marriage, into the London Presbyterian congregation of the influential preacher Edmund Calamy .
Graham, Elspeth, Hilary Hinds, Elaine Hobby, and Helen Wilcox, editors. Her Own Life. Routledge, 1989.
201, 209n3
Cultural formation L. M. Montgomery
LMM was a white Canadian of Scottish and English heritage. In matters of religion, she said she was sceptical of the notion of a higher authority and once described herself as having no faith—a peculiar...


John Calvin , who became the single greatest influence on the Reform movement, published The Institutes of the Christian Religion.
September 1607
Hugh O'Neill 's rebellion in Ireland came to a final end with the Flight of the Earls: this was the last stand of Gaelic Ireland against the colonising English.
By May 1619
The Calvinist Synod of Dort in Holland confirmed the doctrine of total human depravity, setting it at the head of their articles of doctrine.
October 1636
The Scottish Privy Council was ordered to issue a proclamation compelling the Scottish Kirk to use the new (Anglican ) Scottish Prayer Book designed by Laud .
April 1637
Alexander Henderson of Leuchars, a godly leader of the Scottish Kirk , held a secret meeting with a group of Edinburgh matrons to enlist their aid in resistance against the imposition of the new (...
23 July 1637
The AnglicanBook of Common Prayer was used for the first time, according to Charles I 's order, at St Giles's Church in Edinburgh, the centre of the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church.
28 February 1638
At Greyfriars Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotsmen opposed to Charles I 's imposition of the AnglicanBook of Common Prayer on the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church signed a National Covenant against such innovations: in...
December 1638
The Glasgow Assembly , a newly formed, radical body representing the Scottish Kirk (some weeks after a first meeting in the cathedral at Glasgow) formally condemned Charles I 's Scottish Prayer Book.
27 March-June 1639
Charles I made war on the ScottishCovenanters , or adherents of Presbyterianism .
20 August 1640
The Scots (provoked by Charles I 's imposition of the AnglicanBook of Common Prayer on the Scottish Presbyterian Church in 1637) invaded England, and for the second time in eighteen months their monarch marched against them.
September 1643
Parliament entered into the Solemn League and Covenant with the Scots, which committed them to accepting the reformed religion (i.e. Presbyterianism ) in Scotland and establishing it in England.
6 August 1647
Cromwell 's New Model Army marched on London to quell an attempted Presbyterian counter-revolution.
27 January 1649
Ann or Anne Fairfax (wife of the former parliamentary commander Sir Thomas Fairfax ) made her second verbal intervention in the trial of Charles I .
22 May 1661
The common hangman at London publicly burned the Covenant with the Scots, as a symbol of stamping out Presbyterianism in England.
7 December 1666
More than a hundred Covenanters were found guilty of rebellion and sentenced to be hanged with particular brutality from the Mercat Cross in Edinburgh.