Society of Friends


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Birth Elizabeth Hooton
Elizabeth Carrier, who later as EH became one of the earliest Quaker preachers, was born.
Blain, Virginia, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford, 1990.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Birth Anne Whitehead
According to the ODNB Anne Downer (later AW , early Quaker convert) was born at Charlbury in Oxfordshire, one of three sisters, at a less than certain date.
An Anne Downer, daughter of Andrew...
Characters Emma Caroline Wood
It traces the life of Sabina Rock, an orphan in a Quaker family, through her teenage years. This prodigy, who runs no risk of ever being mistaken for an ordinary mortal,
Athenæum. J. Lection.
2097 (1868): 15
Characters Sarah Daniels
A foreword by Jalna Hanmer explains that the play addresses the early-seventeenth-century shift towards male doctors' control of women's reproduction through new technology (the introduction of forceps) and through religion (the execution of witches)...
Characters Dorothy Richardson
In Dimple Hill, the middle-aged Miriam goes on a holiday in Sussex, and remains there living on the farm named in the title as a paying guest of a family of Quakers ...
Characters Mrs E. M. Foster
This book differs from Foster's first two novels, in that it is shorter (two volumes instead of three or four), not historical but rather a sentimental novel about courtship, and originally published by Minerva as...
Characters Constance Smedley
The protagonist and letter-writer, Samuel Pumphrey,
Smedley, Constance. Justice Walk. G. Allen and Unwin, 1924.
is a a Quaker clerk, puritan, provincial and utterly inartistic,
Smedley, Constance, and Maxwell Armfield. Crusaders. Chatto & Windus, 1912.
as well as initially self-righteous. Before the story begins he was saving money to marry his beloved...
Cultural formation May Drummond
The Gracechurch Street, London, Meeting of the Society of Friends decided to expel MD from the Society.
Reilly, Matthew. “The Life and Literary Fictions of May Drummond, Quaker Female Preacher”. Eighteenth-Century Fiction, No. 2, pp. 287 -12.
306, 310
Cultural formation Katharine Bruce Glasier
Either KBG had become a member of the Society of Friends in time to send her youngest child to a Quaker school, or else the example of the school persuaded her to convert.
Thompson, Laurence. The Enthusiasts. Victor Gollancz Limited, 1971.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Cultural formation Hester Biddle
Brought up an Anglican , she was initially disturbed at the King 's execution. In the bloody City of London she lived like the prodigal son after his riotous period had ended, feeding ....
Cultural formation Bathsheba Bowers
After her move to Philadelphia, BB attended Quaker meetings regularly, but without recovering the sweetness her soul had felt at her first conversion. She did not confide her religious difficulties, but kept them to herself...
Cultural formation Mary Penington
MP and her second husband made the momentous conversion to Quakerism , though the mediation of two Friends named Thomas Curtis and William Simpson .
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Cultural formation Eleanor Rathbone
ER came from a long-established English family settled in Liverpool, with a tradition of industrialism, philanthropy, high culture, Liberalism, and Dissent (either Quaker or Unitarian ).
Cultural formation Anna Sewell
After seriously injuring her ankle at the age of fourteen, AS was dependent on horses for mobility for the rest of her life. Her gratitude towards these animals, coupled with the Quaker and Rousseauvian values...
Cultural formation Bathsheba Bowers
BB became something of a recluse in Philadelphia. According to her niece Ann Bolton, she was prone to reading the Bible with the intention of finding fault with it,
Mulford, Carla, Angela Vietto, and Amy E. Winans, editors. Dictionary of Literary Biography. Gale Research, 1999.
and yet more shockingly sometimes...


17 August 1612
The trial of the Lancashire witches resulted in the execution of seven women and one man.
8 July 1618
Michael Dalton had entered in the Stationers' Register his book The Countrey Justice, Containing the Practice of the Justices of the Peace out of their Sessions, designed to raise the level of local administration...
Andrew Sowle finished his apprenticeship (to the Nonconformist printer Ruth Raworth ), and began printing Quaker texts from an unknown address.
9 December 1655
Cromwell issued an edict legally permitting Jewish resettlement in England. The Jews had been expelled in 1290, though individuals had now been living in England unofficially for more than a century.
9 July 1656
John Evelyn made a sight-seeing visit to Quakers in prison at Ipswich, Suffolk; he thought them a melancholy proud sort of people, and exceedingly ignorant.
October 1656
Quaker maverick James Nayler set out to demonstrate the spirit of Christ within him by staging an entry into Bristol riding on a donkey, as Christ had ridden into Jerusalem.
10 June 1658
The QuakerSarah Blackborow published the earliest of her several signed pamphlets, A Visit to the Spirit in Prison.
Quakers accounted for 10% of all titles printed in England, though they were only 1% of the population.
1 June 1660
Mary Dyer (a colonial immigrant from England and a friend of Anne Hutchinson ) was hanged in Boston, Massachusetts, for preaching as a member of the Society of Friends .
January 1661
Fifth Monarchists (who expected the Second Coming and political rule of Christ, and had opposed the Cromwell ian government too) staged an uprising against the new king, Charles II .
The Printing or Licensing Act restored the principles of government censorship which had been current before the Civil War: it limited the number of printers and required them to put their names on their works.
August 1663
The Kaber Rigg Plot in the North of England caused renewed persecution of Quakers .
Lillias Skene (born Lillias Gillespie in 1626), wife of a leading Aberdeen citizen and a recent convert to the Quakerism , penned the first poem in a volume which she went on using till her...
The Quakers established Monthly Meetings to direct the business and lives of their members.
William Penn published No Cross, no Crown, a manifesto on behalf of the Quakers .