Society of Friends


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Birth Elizabeth Hooton
Elizabeth Carrier, who later as EH became one of the earliest Quaker preachers, was born.
Blain, Virginia, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford, 1990.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.,
Birth Anne Whitehead
According to the ODNB Anne Downer (later AW , early Quaker convert) was born at Charlbury in Oxfordshire, one of three sisters, at a less than certain date.
An Anne Downer, daughter of Andrew...
Characters Emma Caroline Wood
It traces the life of Sabina Rock, an orphan in a Quaker family, through her teenage years. This prodigy, who runs no risk of ever being mistaken for an ordinary mortal,
Athenæum. J. Lection.
2097 (1868): 15
Characters Sarah Daniels
A foreword by Jalna Hanmer explains that the play addresses the early-seventeenth-century shift towards male doctors' control of women's reproduction through new technology (the introduction of forceps) and through religion (the execution of witches)...
Characters Dorothy Richardson
In Dimple Hill, the middle-aged Miriam goes on a holiday in Sussex, and remains there living on the farm named in the title as a paying guest of a family of Quakers ...
Characters Mrs E. M. Foster
This book differs from Foster's first two novels, in that it is shorter (two volumes instead of three or four), not historical but rather a sentimental novel about courtship, and originally published by Minerva as...
Characters Constance Smedley
The protagonist and letter-writer, Samuel Pumphrey,
Smedley, Constance. Justice Walk. G. Allen and Unwin, 1924.
is a a Quaker clerk, puritan, provincial and utterly inartistic,
Smedley, Constance, and Maxwell Armfield. Crusaders. Chatto & Windus, 1912.
as well as initially self-righteous. Before the story begins he was saving money to marry his beloved...
Cultural formation Anne Conway
AC became a Quaker . This at first compromised her friendship with More , but he did modify his attitude to the Society of Friends as a result of her action.
Conway, Anne, Henry More, and Marjorie Hope Nicolson. The Conway Letters. Editor Hutton, Sarah, Clarendon Press, 1992.
Conway, Anne, and Henry More. “Introduction; Editorial Materials”. The Conway Letters, edited by Sarah Hutton, Marjorie Hope Nicolson, and Marjorie Hope Nicolson, Revised, Clarendon Press, 1992, p. vii - xix; various pages.
Cultural formation Kathleen E. Innes
Her family was English, professional, and well-off.
Harvey, Kathryn. "Driven by War into Politics": A Feminist Biography of Kathleen Innes. University of Alberta, 1995.
As an adult she became, like her husband, a Quaker
Cultural formation Jane Gardam
Her mother taught her to love the language of the Anglican prayer book and made her go to church (of the very HighAnglican variety). JG gave up her church-going when she was free to do...
Cultural formation Mary Penington
MP and her second husband made the momentous conversion to Quakerism , though the mediation of two Friends named Thomas Curtis and William Simpson .
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.,
Cultural formation Katharine Evans
KE grew up an Anglican , but was clearly a religious seeker, since she joined the Baptists , then the Independents , before becoming one of the Society of Friends very soon after its inception...
Cultural formation Elizabeth Heyrick
EH , who already dressed from choice like a Quaker, wrote to the Society of Friends about admisssion.
Aucott, Shirley. Women of Courage, Vision and Talent: lives in Leicester 1780 to 1925. Shirley Aucott, 2008.
Cultural formation Eleanor Rathbone
ER came from a long-established English family settled in Liverpool, with a tradition of industrialism, philanthropy, high culture, Liberalism, and Dissent (either Quaker or Unitarian ).
Cultural formation Anne Conway
AC belonged by birth and marriage to the English upper classes, though many of her friends and associates came from signficantly lower down the social scale. Her rationalism and quietism made her an eccentric Anglican


17 August 1612
The trial of the Lancashire witches resulted in the execution of seven women and one man.
8 July 1618
Michael Dalton had entered in the Stationers' Register his book The Countrey Justice, Containing the Practice of the Justices of the Peace out of their Sessions, designed to raise the level of local administration...
Andrew Sowle finished his apprenticeship (to the Nonconformist printer Ruth Raworth ), and began printing Quaker texts from an unknown address.
9 December 1655
Cromwell issued an edict legally permitting Jewish resettlement in England. The Jews had been expelled in 1290, though individuals had now been living in England unofficially for more than a century.
9 July 1656
John Evelyn made a sight-seeing visit to Quakers in prison at Ipswich, Suffolk; he thought them a melancholy proud sort of people, and exceedingly ignorant.
October 1656
Quaker maverick James Nayler set out to demonstrate the spirit of Christ within him by staging an entry into Bristol riding on a donkey, as Christ had ridden into Jerusalem.
10 June 1658
The QuakerSarah Blackborow published the earliest of her several signed pamphlets, A Visit to the Spirit in Prison.
Quakers accounted for 10% of all titles printed in England, though they were only 1% of the population.
1 June 1660
Mary Dyer (a colonial immigrant from England and a friend of Anne Hutchinson ) was hanged in Boston, Massachusetts, for preaching as a member of the Society of Friends .
January 1661
Fifth Monarchists (who expected the Second Coming and political rule of Christ, and had opposed the Cromwell ian government too) staged an uprising against the new king, Charles II .
The Printing or Licensing Act restored the principles of government censorship which had been current before the Civil War: it limited the number of printers and required them to put their names on their works.
August 1663
The Kaber Rigg Plot in the North of England caused renewed persecution of Quakers .
Lillias Skene (born Lillias Gillespie in 1626), wife of a leading Aberdeen citizen and a recent convert to the Quakerism , penned the first poem in a volume which she went on using till her...
The Quakers established Monthly Meetings to direct the business and lives of their members.
William Penn published No Cross, no Crown, a manifesto on behalf of the Quakers .


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