George Eliot

Standard Name: Eliot, George
Birth Name: Mary Anne Evans
Nickname: Polly
Nickname: Pollian
Self-constructed Name: Mary Ann Evans
Self-constructed Name: Marian Evans
Self-constructed Name: Marian Evans Lewes
Pseudonym: George Eliot
Pseudonym: Felix Holt
Married Name: Mary Anne Cross
GE , one of the major novelists of the nineteenth century and a leading practitioner of fictional realism, was a professional woman of letters who also worked as an editor and journalist, and left a substantial body of essays, reviews, translations on controversial topics, and poetry.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Friends, Associates Harriet Martineau
Marian Evans , later George Eliot, visited HM at her home in Ambleside.
Martineau, Harriet. “Introduction and Editorial Materials”. Selected Letters, edited by Valerie Sanders, Clarendon Press, pp. vii - xxxiii, 235.
Friends, Associates Constance Naden
CN was a friend of the two poets who shared the name Michael Field (who also came from Birmingham) and of the medical doctor Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (who presumably did not hold against her the...
Friends, Associates Matilda Betham-Edwards
MBE set a great deal of store by meeting men distinguished as authors or in other fields, as a spur to literary achievement of her own. She was given to boasting of her acquaintance with...
Friends, Associates Frances Eleanor Trollope
In addition to her supportive professional relationship with her husband, FET was also close to other writers such as Charles Dickens , her brother-in-law Anthony Trollope , her mother-in-law Frances Trollope , and George Eliot
Friends, Associates Edward FitzGerald
Despite a somewhat reclusive life both before and after his separation from his wife within a year of their marriage, he was well connected with the Victorian literary scene, and expressed strong opinions on women...
Friends, Associates Mary Augusta Ward
Mary Augusta Arnold (later MAW ) met George Eliot at a Sunday supper given by Mark and Emily Francis Pattison .
Ward, Mary Augusta. A Writer’s Recollections. Harper and Brothers.
Friends, Associates Anne Thackeray Ritchie
ATR lived with the Stephens after their marriage, and while there became a friend of such literary figures as George Meredith , Henry James (who described her after an early encounter as exquisitely irrational)...
Friends, Associates Frances Power Cobbe
During her 1860 sojourn in Italy she declined an invitation to meet George Eliot because the latter was living with a married man. Her friendship with distinguished scientist Mary Somerville blossomed during this trip, and...
Friends, Associates Florence Nightingale
Around this time FN became acquainted with other literary women as well. In July 1852 George Eliot , who had become her correspondent, remarked in another letter that there is a loftiness of mind about...
Friends, Associates Frances Power Cobbe
Friends, Associates Anna Mary Howitt
Family biographer Carl Ray Woodring numbers AMH with a group of Pre-Raphaelite sisters, including Barbara Leigh Smith (later Bodichon) , Bessie Rayner Parkes , and Margaret Gillies , who associated themselves with innovation in...
Friends, Associates Katharine S. Macquoid
KSM was a close friend of fellow-writer Annie Keary . She also knew John Morley , George Henry Lewes and George Eliot .
Sutherland, John. The Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction. Longman.
Blain, Virginia et al., editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford.
Friends, Associates Louisa Baldwin
She became interested in Eliot 's work after her sister Georgiana introduced them.
Taylor, Ina. Victorian Sisters. Adler and Adler.
Friends, Associates Anna Brownell Jameson
A close friendship developed between ABJ and the future Geroge Eliot, who thought highly of Jameson's work. It was at a literary gathering held in ABJ's home that Barbara Leigh Smith (later Bodichon) first met...
Friends, Associates Herbert Spencer
He counted Thomas Carlyle and John Stuart Mill among his friends. George Eliot would have liked to make their intellectual friendship an intimate one, but he broke it off.
Mitchell, Sally, editor. Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia. Garland Press.


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