George Eliot

Standard Name: Eliot, George
Birth Name: Mary Anne Evans
Nickname: Polly
Nickname: Pollian
Self-constructed Name: Mary Ann Evans
Self-constructed Name: Marian Evans
Self-constructed Name: Marian Evans Lewes
Pseudonym: George Eliot
Pseudonym: Felix Holt
Married Name: Mary Anne Cross
GE , one of the major novelists of the nineteenth century and a leading practitioner of fictional realism, was a professional woman of letters who also worked as an editor and journalist, and left a substantial body of essays, reviews, translations on controversial topics, and poetry.
Portrait of George Eliot, seated, after the 1881 painting of Francois Albert Durade.
"George Eliot" by Universal Images Group/Contributor, 1754-01-02. Retrieved from This image is licensed under the GETTY IMAGES CONTENT LICENCE AGREEMENT.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Friends, Associates Eliza Lynn Linton
Eliza Lynn met a number of women authors who were once applauded but later complacently forgotten . . . . as literary fossils.
Linton, Eliza Lynn, and Beatrice Harraden. My Literary Life. Hodder and Stoughton, 1899.
She contended that Women who wrote were then few and far...
Friends, Associates Jessie White Mario
About this time JWM was introduced to Thomas Adolphus Trollope (another long-term English resident of Italy). She also knew George Henry Lewes and later met his partner George Eliot .
Daniels, Elizabeth Adams. Jessie White Mario: Risorgimento Revolutionary. Ohio University Press, 1972.
104, 112
Friends, Associates Edith J. Simcox
Elma Stuart , who had also been an intimate friend of George Eliot , became a close friend of EJS . In March 1881 they spent a week together at Malvern, where they exchanged...
Health Adrienne Rich
After her third delivery she decided to be sterilised, though she met with social disapproval even from nurses caring for her in hospital: Had yourself spayed, did you?
O’Mahoney, John. “Poet and Pioneer: Adrienne Rich”. The Guardian, pp. Review 20 - 3.
She later recalled her isolation during...
Intertextuality and Influence Germaine de Staël
After completing this novel GS wrote, I'd like a really big [writing] table, it seems to me I've got the right to it now.
Kobak, Annette. “Mme de Staël and Fanny Burney”. The Burney Journal, Vol.
, pp. 12-35.
Corinne was enormously influential for nineteenth-century women writers. The model...
Intertextuality and Influence Emily Faithfull
The novel brings together the fashionable upper-class society which EF had experienced in her youth, with the question of women's employment which was the burning issue of her working life. She acknowledges the work of...
Intertextuality and Influence Jane Hume Clapperton
The title for the book was taken in part from George Eliot , who originally coined the phrase meliorist when a friend playfully referred to her as an optimist: I will not answer to the...
Intertextuality and Influence U. A. Fanthorpe
With this volume, says UAF , I entered the different world of S. Martin's, Lancaster, and of France; and I was just beginning to have things to say about the condition of women...
Intertextuality and Influence Phyllis Bentley
Philip Joseph Carr bears the name of his birthplace by mere coincidence: the leading local family is called Carr, but his family sprang from working-class origins elsewhere. He is born on the night his father...
Intertextuality and Influence Mary Elizabeth Braddon
MEB was encouraged to write from an early age, particularly by her mother. She would later recall how when she was eight and had just learned to write, her godfather bought her a beautiful brand...
Intertextuality and Influence John Oliver Hobbes
The next few years saw further novels by Hobbes, alongside drama and non-fictional works. In 1901 she published a novel entitled The Serious Wooing: A Heart's History, and in 1902 another, Love and the...
Intertextuality and Influence Elizabeth Gaskell
Reviews of Cranford were positive, focusing on its charm and apparent simplicity. In the Athenæum, Henry Fothergill Chorley commended its touches of love and kindness, of simple self-sacrifice and of true womanly tenderness.
Easson, Angus, editor. Elizabeth Gaskell: The Critical Heritage. Routledge, 1991.
Intertextuality and Influence John Oliver Hobbes
She had been still writing it in the USA and after her return to London at the beginning of this year after its serialization had begun.
Richards, John Morgan, and John Oliver Hobbes. “Pearl Richards Craigie: Biographical Sketch by her Father”. The Life of John Oliver Hobbes, J. Murray, 1911.
A New York edition posthumously published this month...
Intertextuality and Influence Harriet Martineau
The novel prompted a complimentary letter on 7 November 1849 from Currer Bell (Charlotte Brontë ) saying that in it he tasted a new and keen pleasure, and experienced a genuine benefit. In his...
Intertextuality and Influence Mary Elizabeth Braddon
Dickens 's daughter Kate recalled this as her father's favourite among MEB 's novels, and George Moore liked it so much he represented his heroine in A Mummer's Wife (1885) as reading it. It may...


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