King James II

Standard Name: James II, King
Used Form: Duke of York


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Lady Lucy Herbert
Her family's titles, wealth, elite status, and remarkable record of high ability were somewhat offset by the RomanCatholic faith which excluded them from some of the civil rights and privileges possessed by other English or...
Cultural formation Anne Finch
She was born in the English upper class and baptised into the Anglican church. A monarchist by family tradition, she developed a Jacobite identity after James II was ousted from his throne.
Family and Intimate relationships Sarah Savage
SS 's father, the Rev. Philip Henry , was an Oxford graduate whose religious views were shaped by Puritans, and who became distinguished as a Nonconformist minister and gifted preacher. He was ordained in the...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Lucy Herbert
This was the outcome of the Meal Tub Plot, so called after the container in Elizabeth Cellier 's kitchen where evidence was planted. Lady Powis was then granted bail, and the charges against her...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Lucy Herbert
James II rewarded him with the title of marquess (in March 1687) and gave him various official positions (with a dispensation from the Test Act which normally barred Catholics from holding them). Among James's ideologically...
Family and Intimate relationships Delarivier Manley
DM 's father, Sir Roger Manley , was a royalist soldier and writer. He died in March 1687, though Delarivier claimed the cause of his death was grief for James II 's expulsion.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Manley, Delarivier. “Introduction”. The Adventures of Rivella, edited by Katherine Zelinsky, Broadview, 1999, pp. 9 - 38.
Manley, Delarivier. The Adventures of Rivella. Zelinsky, KatherineEditor , Broadview, 1999.
Family and Intimate relationships Winifred Maxwell, Countess of Nithsdale
Winifred's father, William Herbert , was a major land-owner in the Welsh marches and Wales proper, a convinced and hereditary monarchist, as active in government as his Catholic religion allowed, a courtier and a soldier...
Family and Intimate relationships Lucy Hutchinson
LH 's eldest brother, named Sir Allen Apsley like their father, was born in 1616 and died in 1683. Brought up a Puritan, he shifted his allegiance during the Interregnum towards the Stuart monarchy; after...
Family and Intimate relationships Elizabeth Delaval
At about thirty-eight but giving her age as thirty, the widowed Lady ED married a man of about twenty-two, Henry Hatcher (or Thatcher) of Kirby in Lincolnshire, who was later a military captain and...
Friends, Associates Jane Barker
While there is no evidence that JB was close to influential members of the court in exile, a number of her mother's relations were well established there. She made literary advances to many members of...
Friends, Associates Catharine Colace Ross
CCR offered support and concern to Thomas Hog (a minister near Auldearn on the Moray Firth, who ended up as a royal chaplain to King William ) while he was being persecuted for his...
Health Jane Barker
In early 1726 JB was reported to be dangerously ill. A few years before 1730 (or possibly, depending on a contested manuscript reading, a few years before 1713) she suffered from something she believed to...
Intertextuality and Influence Aphra Behn
This (full title To Poet Bavius: Occasion'd by his Satyr He Writ in his Verses to the King , upon the Queen s being Deliver'd of a Son) ridicules the labouring Muse
Behn, Aphra. The Works of Aphra Behn. Todd, JanetEditor , William Pickering, 1992.
1: 299
Intertextuality and Influence Sarah, Lady Cowper
SLC flags some items of her own under Observe by beginning them I observe. In a series about books of the Bible she comments in some detail on the behaviour of King Saul and...
Literary Setting Mary Boyle
MB here recounts the story, set during the final days of James II 's reign, of Mary Savile, a fictional maid of honour toMary of Modena , James's wife (whose actual maids of honour...


7 October 1660
News reached the British royal household of a marriage that was to become dynastically significant: that of the king 's brother (later James II ) with the commoner Anne Hyde , daughter of Lord Clarendon .
18 December 1660
The Royal Adventurers (later the Royal African Company ) was founded under the personal patronage of Charles II and James II ; this represented Britain's active engagement with the slave trade.
Charles II granted land in America to the Duke of York , which in 1681 was sold to the Quaker William Penn , and eventually became the Quaker colony of Pennsylvania.
2 March 1667
Dryden 's Secret Love, or the Maiden Queen had its first performance at Drury Lane Theatre , with Nell Gwyn in the cast and Samuel Pepys , Charles II , and the future James II in the audience.
12 August 1678
Titus Oates laid his allegations of a Popish plot against the crown and government of England: this triggered immediate panic and the prolonged Exclusion Crisis, an attempt to bar the Catholic Duke of York
26 May 1679
Charles II prorogued parliament, to prevent its passing an Exclusion Bill to bar his brother James, Duke of York (as a Catholic), from succeeding to the throne.
28 March 1681
Charles II dissolved a very short-lived parliament (the second that year), which was, for the third time, about to pass an Exclusion Bill barring his brother James from the succession.
27 May 1682
Mary of Modena , wife of the future James II , arrived in England.
22 March 1683
A fire at the racing centre of Newmarket preserved the lives of Charles II and his brother ; by leaving early for London they avoided a planned assassination.
6 February 1685
King Charles II died and his brother James II (who was also James VII of Scotland) assumed the throne.
15 February 1685
James II went publicly to Mass for the first time since succeeding to the throne.
19 May 1685
The new monarch, James II , summoned his first parliament for this date.
6 July 1685
The Duke of Monmouth 's Rebellion, aimed at getting possession of the throne, ended in defeat at Sedgemoor in Somerset, with much loss of life.
8 July 1685
News reached London of the defeat of Monmouth , Protestant contender for the throne of his Catholic uncle James II .
March 1686
James II 's General Pardon and Royal Warrant released another batch of persecuted Quakers from prison.