King James II

Standard Name: James II, King
Used Form: Duke of York


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Anne Finch
She was born in the English upper class and baptised into the Anglican church. A monarchist by family tradition, she developed a Jacobite identity after James II was ousted from his throne.
Cultural formation Lady Lucy Herbert
Her family's titles, wealth, elite status, and remarkable record of high ability were somewhat offset by the RomanCatholic faith which excluded them from some of the civil rights and privileges possessed by other English or...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Lucy Herbert
James II rewarded him with the title of marquess (in March 1687) and gave him various official positions (with a dispensation from the Test Act which normally barred Catholics from holding them). Among James's ideologically...
Family and Intimate relationships Delarivier Manley
DM 's father, Sir Roger Manley , was a royalist soldier and writer. He died in March 1687, though Delarivier claimed the cause of his death was grief for James II 's expulsion.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Manley, Delarivier. “Introduction”. The Adventures of Rivella, edited by Katherine Zelinsky, Broadview, pp. 9-38.
Manley, Delarivier. The Adventures of Rivella. Editor Zelinsky, Katherine, Broadview.
Family and Intimate relationships Winifred Maxwell, Countess of Nithsdale
Winifred's father, William Herbert , was a major land-owner in the Welsh marches and Wales proper, a convinced and hereditary monarchist, as active in government as his Catholic religion allowed, a courtier and a soldier...
Family and Intimate relationships Lucy Hutchinson
LH 's eldest brother, named Sir Allen Apsley like their father, was born in 1616 and died in 1683. Brought up a Puritan, he shifted his allegiance during the Interregnum towards the Stuart monarchy; after...
Family and Intimate relationships Elizabeth Delaval
At about thirty-eight but giving her age as thirty, the widowed Lady ED married a man of about twenty-two, Henry Hatcher (or Thatcher) of Kirby in Lincolnshire, who was later a military captain and...
Family and Intimate relationships Sarah Savage
SS 's father, the Rev. Philip Henry , was an Oxford graduate whose religious views were shaped by Puritans, and who became distinguished as a Nonconformist minister and gifted preacher. He was ordained in the...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Lucy Herbert
This was the outcome of the Meal Tub Plot, so called after the container in Elizabeth Cellier 's kitchen where evidence was planted. Lady Powis was then granted bail, and the charges against her...
Friends, Associates Jane Barker
While there is no evidence that JB was close to influential members of the court in exile, a number of her mother's relations were well established there. She made literary advances to many members of...
Friends, Associates Catharine Colace Ross
CCR offered support and concern to Thomas Hog (a minister near Auldearn on the Moray Firth, who ended up as a royal chaplain to King William ) while he was being persecuted for his...
Health Jane Barker
In early 1726 JB was reported to be dangerously ill. A few years before 1730 (or possibly, depending on a contested manuscript reading, a few years before 1713) she suffered from something she believed to...
Intertextuality and Influence Sarah, Lady Cowper
SLC flags some items of her own under Observe by beginning them I observe. In a series about books of the Bible she comments in some detail on the behaviour of King Saul and...
Intertextuality and Influence Aphra Behn
This (full title To Poet Bavius: Occasion'd by his Satyr He Writ in his Verses to the King , upon the Queen s being Deliver'd of a Son) ridicules the labouring Muse
Behn, Aphra. The Works of Aphra Behn. Editor Todd, Janet, William Pickering.
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Literary Setting Ouida
The title piece is set during the Glorious Revolution and begins just before James II is forced from the throne by William of Orange . The story's characters naturally take the romantic side: as Jacobites...


7 October 1660: News reached the British royal household...

National or international item

7 October 1660

News reached the British royal household of a marriage that was to become dynastically significant: that of the king 's brother (later James II ) with the commoner Anne Hyde , daughter of Lord Clarendon .

18 December 1660: The Royal Adventurers (later the Royal African...

National or international item

18 December 1660

The Royal Adventurers (later the Royal African Company ) was founded under the personal patronage of Charles II and James II ; this represented Britain's active engagement with the slave trade.

1664: Charles II granted land in America to the...

National or international item


Charles II granted land in America to the Duke of York , which in 1681 was sold to the Quaker William Penn , and eventually became the Quaker colony of Pennsylvania.

2 March 1667: Dryden's Secret Love, or the Maiden Queen...

Writing climate item

2 March 1667

Dryden 's Secret Love, or the Maiden Queen had its first performance at Drury Lane Theatre , with Nell Gwyn in the cast and Samuel Pepys , Charles II , and the future James II in the audience.

12 August 1678: Titus Oates laid his allegations of a Popish...

National or international item

12 August 1678

Titus Oates laid his allegations of a Popish plot against the crown and government of England: this triggered immediate panic and the prolonged Exclusion Crisis, an attempt to bar the Catholic Duke of York

26 May 1679: Charles II prorogued parliament, to prevent...

National or international item

26 May 1679

Charles II prorogued parliament, to prevent its passing an Exclusion Bill to bar his brother James, Duke of York (as a Catholic), from succeeding to the throne.

28 March 1681: Charles II dissolved a very short-lived parliament...

National or international item

28 March 1681

Charles II dissolved a very short-lived parliament (the second that year), which was, for the third time, about to pass an Exclusion Bill barring his brother James from the succession.

27 May 1682: Mary of Modena, wife of the future James...

National or international item

27 May 1682

Mary of Modena , wife of the future James II , arrived in England.

22 March 1683: A fire at the racing centre of Newmarket...

National or international item

22 March 1683

A fire at the racing centre of Newmarket preserved the lives of Charles II and his brother ; by leaving early for London they avoided a planned assassination.

6 February 1685: King Charles II died and his brother James...

National or international item

6 February 1685

King Charles II died and his brother James II (who was also James VII of Scotland) assumed the throne.

15 February 1685: James II went publicly to Mass for the first...

National or international item

15 February 1685

James II went publicly to Mass for the first time since succeeding to the throne.

19 May 1685: The new monarch, James II, summoned his first...

National or international item

19 May 1685

The new monarch, James II , summoned his first parliament for this date.

6 July 1685: The Duke of Monmouth's Rebellion, aimed at...

National or international item

6 July 1685

The Duke of Monmouth 's Rebellion, aimed at getting possession of the throne, ended in defeat at Sedgemoor in Somerset, with much loss of life.

8 July 1685: News reached London of the defeat of Monmouth,...

National or international item

8 July 1685

News reached London of the defeat of Monmouth , Protestant contender for the throne of his Catholic uncle James II .

March 1686: James II's General Pardon and Royal Warrant...

National or international item

March 1686

James II 's General Pardon and Royal Warrant released another batch of persecuted Quakers from prison.


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