Virginia Woolf

Standard Name: Woolf, Virginia
Birth Name: Adeline Virginia Stephen
Nickname: Ginia
Married Name: Adeline Virginia Woolf
Thousands of readers over three or four generations have known that Virginia Woolf was—by a beadle—denied access to the library of a great university. They may have known, too, that she was a leading intellect of the twentieth century. If they are feminist readers they will know that she thought . . . back through her mothers and also sideways through her sisters and that she contributed more than any other in the twentieth century to the recovery of women's writing.
Marcus, Jane. “Introduction”. New Feminist Essays on Virginia Woolf, edited by Jane Marcus, Macmillan, 1981, p. i - xx.
Educated in her father's library and in a far more than usually demanding school of life, she radically altered the course not only of the English tradition but also of the several traditions of literature in English.
Froula, Christine. Virginia Woolf and the Bloomsbury Avant-Garde. Columbia University Press, 2005.
She wrote prodigiously—nine published novels, as well as stories, essays (including two crucial books on feminism, its relation to education and to war), diaries, letters, biographies (both serious and burlesque), and criticism. As a literary journalist in a wide range of forums, she addressed the major social issues of her time in more than a million words.
Woolf, Virginia. “Introduction; Editorial Note”. The Essays of Virginia Woolf, edited by Andrew McNeillie, Hogarth Press, 1994, pp. vols. 1 - 4: various pages.
She left a richly documented life in words, inventing a modern fiction, theorising modernity, writing the woman into the picture. She built this outstandingly influential work, which has had its impact on both writing and life, on her personal experience, and her fictions emerge to a striking degree from her life, her gender, and her moment in history. In a sketch of her career written to Ethel Smyth she said that a short story called An Unwritten Novelwas the great discovery . . . . That—again in one second—showed me how I could embody all my deposit of experience in a shape that fitted it.
Woolf, Virginia. The Letters of Virginia Woolf. Nicolson, Nigel and Joanne TrautmannEditors , Hogarth Press, 1980.
4: 231
Well-known black and white photograph of Virginia Stephen (later Virginia Woolf), 1902.  She is seen in profile, with her hair loosely caught back in a bun
"Virginia Woolf, 1902" Retrieved from This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.
Photograph of Virginia Woolf with hand on face wearing a fur stole. This is a picture from one of Virginia Woolf's own photo albums at Monk's House which were acquired at an auction at Sotheby's in 1982 (cf. Maggie Humm, Snapshots of Bloomsbury: The Private Lives of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell, p. 187), gifted in 1983 by Frederick R. Koch to the Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Libray, Harvard University, and afterwards scanned and uploaded by the library.
"Virginia Woolf" Retrieved from This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Friends, Associates Mary Agnes Hamilton
Her friends were soon augmented by contacts from the world of work, like F. W. Hirst and Josef Redlich . Barbara and Laurence Hammond (a married pair of social commentators whose work was collaborative in...
Friends, Associates Rosamond Lehmann
During RL 's involvement with Goronwy Rees, they both encouraged novelist Henry Green (actual name Henry Yorke ) to submit the manuscript of his Party Going to John Lehmann, who promoted it with Leonard and...
Friends, Associates Dorothy Bussy
La Souco was visited regularly by all of their Bloomsbury Group friends, among them Lytton and the other Strachey siblings, the Vanessa and Clive Bell , Virginia and Leonard Woolf , John Maynard Keynes and...
Friends, Associates F. Tennyson Jesse
Gordon Place became the centre of an active female literary community, which included Elizabeth Bowen , Rose Macaulay , Virginia Woolf , Ivy Low (who was also a good friend of Viola Meynell ), Ivy Compton-Burnett
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Robins
In 1928 Octavia introduced ER to her distant relative Virginia Woolf (whose doctor she later became). Elizabeth and Octavia remained friendly with the Woolfs for years, and were devastated by Virginia's suicide in 1941. On...
Friends, Associates Rosamond Lehmann
While younger than the principal figures and sometimes inclined to feel herself marginal, RL was positioned well within the Bloomsbury group. She was close friends with another younger associate, George Rylands . During the early...
Friends, Associates Gertrude Bell
Vita Sackville-West stayed with GB in Baghdad; during the visit she discussed Bell by letter with her friend Virginia Woolf .
Howell, Georgina. Daughter of the Desert: the Remarkable Life of Gertrude Bell. Macmillan, 2006.
Winstone, Harry Victor Frederick. Gertrude Bell. J. Cape, 1978.
Friends, Associates Hope Mirrlees
HM probably joined this social circle through Virginia Woolf , whom she had met by early 1919, likely through their common acquaintance with Karin Costelloe (later Stephen) , Mirrlees's friend and Woolf's sister-in-law.
Woolf, Virginia. The Letters of Virginia Woolf. Nicolson, Nigel and Joanne TrautmannEditors , Hogarth Press, 1980.
2: 331
Friends, Associates Violet Hunt
Among those who frequented VH 's house there were some to whom she became especially close. Her long friendship with Henry James dated back to July 1882. Apart from an estrangement during the scandal over...
Friends, Associates Christopher St John
Friends, Associates Romer Wilson
During the first world war RW shared a flat in London with Emily Beatrix Coursolles (E. B. C.) Jones , who later became a novelist, and who remained a friend.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
under Jones, Emily Beatrix Coursolles
Friends, Associates Hope Mirrlees
Corresponding with Virginia Woolf , Eliot described this period as the healthiest life in years.
Gordon, Lyndall. T.S. Eliot: An Imperfect Life. W. W. Norton, 1999.
During this period he wrote The Dry Salvages and East Coker, two of the poems making up Four...
Friends, Associates Nina Hamnett
Having achieved a footing of friendship with Walter Sickert and the others of the Fitzroy Street Group , NH went on through Roger Fry and Vanessa Bell to get to know the members of the...
Friends, Associates Rebecca West
RW met Virginia Woolf at a party given by Dorothy Todd , former editor of Vogue.
Woolf, Virginia. The Letters of Virginia Woolf. Nicolson, Nigel and Joanne TrautmannEditors , Hogarth Press, 1980.
5: 126 and n1
Friends, Associates Christopher St John
In 1933 Vita Sackville-West formally introduced CSJ and Edith Craig to Virginia Woolf .Woolf was not as fascinated by St John as she was by Craig and Terry, and saw her as a burden on...


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