Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin

Standard Name: Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich
Used Form: Josef Stalin


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Fictionalization Anne Askew
Knowledge of AA 's writing spread rapidly. The reactionary Stephen Gardiner , Bishop of Winchester, complained on 6 June 1547 of the number of copies in circulation.
Beilin, Elaine V., and Anne Askew. “Introduction”. The Examinations of Anne Askew, Oxford University Press.
John Foxe gave it a still wider...
Friends, Associates Constance Garnett
In 1891 Edward Garnett brought home with him a Russian political exile, Felix Volkhovsky , who encouraged CG , then pregnant, to learn Russian. As a result of this friendship, she and Edward became acquainted...
Literary responses Beatrice Webb
Mary Agnes Hamilton later commented on the uncharacteristic lyricism of this book. Although it was hard to read, it was, she said, hungrily read. BW herself was delighted to meet a taxi driver who...
Literary responses Simone de Beauvoir
The one-hundredth anniversary of SB 's birth, though marked with book publications, a tribute DVD series, and a three-day international symposium, was a controversial occasion. Sharp criticism in the French press centred mostly the...
Literary responses Helen Dunmore
In her review for the Guardian, Susanna Rustin was resolutely not too impressed. She found the characters too black-and-white, and that the novel has little to say about the function of art. ....
Literary responses Christina Stead
One outspoken admirer of CS was Angela Carter , who likened the experience of reading her to plunging into the mess of life itself'.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
She strongly recommended Stead's work for re-issuing in the Virago Modern...
Literary responses Anna Akhmatova
Stalin endorsed Akhmatova's letter with an order to free the prisoners.
Feinstein, Elaine. Anna of all the Russias: The Life of Anna Akhmatova. Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Literary Setting George Orwell
He set the action in England to show that the horrors of Stalin ist Russia could occur in any society. The main character, inexplicably dissident Winston Smith, is employed by the Ministry of Truth to...
Literary Setting Elaine Feinstein
Its time-span embraces Weimar Germany at one end and the McCarthy era at the other, by way of the years of terror in Stalin 's Russia. EF made Frieda (an invented character among figures from...
politics Anna Wickham
In June 1938 she drew up, along with seven other women, a manifesto for The League for the Protection of the Imagination of Women.
Hepburn, James et al. “Anna Wickham: A Memoir”. The Writings of Anna Wickham, Free Woman and Poet, edited by Reginald Donald Smith, Virago Press, pp. 1-48.
The League's feminist mandate was to stimulate original work...
politics Emmuska, Baroness Orczy
Belgian refugees descending on her Kentish village early in the First World War reminded EBO of a plague of locusts, and though she says that everyone loved and pitied them, they were also delighted to...
politics Simone de Beauvoir
SB 's political activities included steady opposition to France's colonial war in Algeria, and lifelong support for socialism and feminism. Elaine Showalter has written that SB 's feminist credentials stem from her writing, and...
politics Christina Stead
Back in London in 1953 after Stalin 's death, CS began to understand what a stigma it was at this date to be a Communist. She nevertheless remained faithful to her partner's hard-line politics even...
politics Anna Akhmatova
The late 1920s and middle 30s were marked by massive repressions and imprisonments undertaken by the Communist regime now headed by Joseph Stalin . Battered by the arrests of Osip Mandelstam , a fellow writer...
politics Rosita Forbes
In 1934 she had a series of meetings with Stalin at Moscow.
Charques, Richard Denis. “Admirer with a Notebook”. Times Literary Supplement, No. 1992, p. 166.
She was always susceptible to admiration for exceptional energy and force of personality, but her writings about these tyrants suggest that...


21 December 1879: Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (who later...

National or international item

21 December 1879

Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (who later changed his name to Josef Stalin ) was born in Gori, Georgia (at that time part of Russia).

6 December 1917: The government of Finland declared national...

National or international item

6 December 1917

The government of Finland declared national independence: a consequence of the Russian Revolution, since Finland had been a Russian Grand Duchy since it ceased to be a part of Sweden on 17 September 1809.

From January 1924: Following the death of Lenin, Josef Stalin,...

National or international item

From January 1924

Following the death of Lenin , Josef Stalin , who had already achieved great power in the Soviet Communist Party because of Lenin's illness, became its acknowledged leader after a bitter and secret power struggle.

1928: Joseph Stalin, secretary general of the Communist...

National or international item


Joseph Stalin , secretary general of the Communist Party 's Central Committee since 1922, began the collectivization of Russian agriculture: in effect a second revolution.

Winter 1932-3: An estimated 7 million people died in the...

National or international item

Winter 1932-3

An estimated 7 million people died in the Ukraine in the famine following Stalin 's collectivization of agriculture, and insistence that exports should continue no matter what the scarcity at home. This period in Ukrainian...

1933: In this year, under Stalin, the Russian gulag...

National or international item


In this year, under Stalin , the Russian gulag or concentration camp system was occupied by two and a half million prisoners, most of them accused of sabotage or of owning land.

August 1936: In one of the most notorious of the show...

National or international item

August 1936

In one of the most notorious of the show trials that marked Stalin 's purging of ex-colleagues, Zinoviev and Kamenev were executed after reciting fabricated confessions.

1937-8: During these peak years for Stalin' Great...

Building item


During these peak years for Stalin ' Great Terror, a million and a half Russians and Ukrainians are estimated to have been killed or sent to the gulag or concentration camp system.

14 August 1939: Four hundred US intellectuals signed an open...

National or international item

14 August 1939

Four hundred US intellectuals signed an open letter to All Active Supporters of Democracy and Peace asserting that the USSR was a bulwark against war and aggression,
Rowley, Hazel. Christina Stead: A Biography. Secker and Warburg.
contrary to politically orthodox views.

23 August 1939: Hitler's and Stalin's German-Soviet non-aggression...

National or international item

23 August 1939

Hitler 's and Stalin 's German-Soviet non-aggression pact was signed by foreign ministers Ribbentrop and Molotov .

16 July 1941: Stalin signed one of his earliest decrees,...

National or international item

16 July 1941

Stalin signed one of his earliest decrees, taking military decisions out of the hands the Red Army command and subjecting them to political control.

About 19 September 1941: German forces overpowered the Russian-held...

National or international item

About 19 September 1941

German forces overpowered the Russian-held city of Kiev: a major disaster for Russia, since Stalin had ordered that it should be held at all costs.

19 August 1942: German General Paulus launched his offensive...

National or international item

19 August 1942

German General Paulus launched his offensive against Stalingrad.

28 November-1 December 1943: At the Tehran Conference, the Big Three—Churchill,...

National or international item

28 November-1 December 1943

At the Tehran Conference, the Big ThreeChurchill , Roosevelt , and Stalin —met to discuss Allied strategy.

4-11 February 1945: At the Yalta Conference, Stalin, Roosevelt,...

National or international item

4-11 February 1945

At the Yalta Conference, Stalin , Roosevelt , and Churchill decided on principles that would shape the world after the end of the Second World War.


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