Sappho

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Standard Name: Sappho
Birth Name: Sappho
Used Form: Sapho
Sappho , the female poet who stands at the head of the lyric tradition in Europe, has been a major figure of identification, of desire, of influence, of adulation, and of opprobrium in British women's writing, though little remains of her texts. All of her estimated 12,000 lines of verse has been lost except a handful of complete poems and many fragments, either quotations of her work by other writers, or scraps deciphered from papyri used to wrap mummies in ancient Egypt. This mutilated body of work amounts to somewhere around seven hundred intelligible lines.
Circular portrait from a fresco in ancient Pompeii, popularly identified as Sappho though it probably portrays a high-society Pompeian lady. She is clad in blue, green, and purple, with a gold net over her short, curly  hair, and large gold hoop  earrings. She holds a wax tablet and a stylus ready for writing. bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbNaples National Archaeological Museum.
"Sappho" Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fresco_showing_a_woman_so-called_Sappho_holding_writing_implements,_from_Pompeii,_Naples_National_Archaeological_Museum_(14842101892)_restored.jpg. This work is licensed under the Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Connections

Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Characters Sydney Owenson, Lady Morgan
In the society that Morgan depicts, the Irish Catholic gentry are mostly absent, scattered in European exile. The peasantry, dirt-poor but generous-hearted, include Tim O'Leary, schoolmaster of a hedge school, scholar and expert in Irish...
Cultural formation Anne Damer
Soon after her husband's death, obscene libels (bearing a political subtext) began to appear against AD . William Combe led the way in a couplet satire, The First of April; or, The Triumphs of Folly...
Cultural formation L. E. L.
There are indications, however, that a rather suspect class standing contributed along with somewhat bohemian behaviour to the difficulty she had about weathering scandal. Benjamin Disraeli famously and snobbishly wrote of a party at the
death Anna Wickham
Although AW 's suicide came with little warning, she showed, in an unfinished autobiography written more than ten years earlier, a portentous awareness of a tradition of suicide among women poets: There have been few...
death Eva Gore-Booth
She and Esther Roper are buried in a single grave in a Hampstead churchyard: the grave is marked with a Celtic cross
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
and an epitaph quoting Sappho : Life that is Love is God.
Donoghue, Emma. “’How could I fear and hold thee by the hand?’: The Poetry of Eva Gore-Booth”. Sex, Nation, and Dissent in Irish Writing, edited by Éibhear Walshe and Éibhear Walshe, St Martin’s Press, 1997, pp. 16 -42.
36
Education Anne Carson
When she was in highschool AC 's brother, four years older, liked her to do his homework for him.
Carson, Anne. Nox. New Directions, 2010.
5.1
Apart from her fascination with Wilde , AC fell in love while at Port Hope High School
Education Tillie Olsen
At home the Lerner children learned Yiddish songs and made up silly plays.
Reid, Panthea. Tillie Olsen: One Woman, Many Riddles. Rutgers University Press, 2010.
27
Tillie was a difficult child, skipping family chores to spend time at the public library, with its huge painting of...
Education Alison Uttley
At Manchester, AU lived in the women's residence, Ashburne House. Formative teachers in her life included Hilda Oakeley
Oakeley, a Somerville College graduate and a close friend of Eleanor Rathbone , had a great impact...
Education Anne Carson
AC successfully defended her PhD dissertation on the poetry of Sappho . Titled Odi et Amo Ergo Sum (I hate and love, therefore I am), it eventually became first book project, Eros the...
Family and Intimate relationships Natalie Clifford Barney
At sixteen, NCB fell in love with Eva Palmer , a biscuit heiress whose family vacationed with hers in Bar Harbor, Maine. Eva introduced NCB to Sappho 's poetry and instigated her lifelong appreciation for Greek culture.
Chalon, Jean. Portrait of a Seductress: The World of Natalie Barney. Barko, CarolTranslator , Crown, 1979.
11-12
Benstock, Shari. Women of the Left Bank: Paris, 1900-1940. University of Texas Press, 1986.
277
Fictionalization Violet Fane
In 1877 Fane's Sincere Friend
Mallock, W. H. The New Republic. Scribner and Welford, 1878.
prelims
W. H. Mallock dedicated his roman à clef The New Republic; or, Culture, Faith, and Philosophy in an English Country House to her .
Mallock, W. H. Memoirs of Life and Literature. Chapman and Hall, 1920.
96
She is said to...
Health Dora Carrington
Carrington attempted to give herself a miscarriage by riding a horse violently, and when this did not work she became depressed to a nearly suicidal degree.
Gerzina, Gretchen. Carrington: A Life of Dora Carrington, 1893-1932. John Murray, 1989.
271-2
She had mused to Gerald Brenan in 1920...
Intertextuality and Influence Natalie Clifford Barney
Rewriting Ovid , NCB attributes Sappho 's death to her love for Timas, a young female disciple, instead of Phaon.
Causse, Michèle. Berthe ou un demi-siècle auprès de l’Amazone. Tierce, 1980.
249
Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. No Man’s Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Yale University Press, 1988.
2: 226
The text incorporates quotations from Sappho , together with footnotes in Greek and critical commentary.
Benstock, Shari. Women of the Left Bank: Paris, 1900-1940. University of Texas Press, 1986.
291
Intertextuality and Influence Lady Mary Wroth
Interspersed in the body of Urania are fifty-nine poems and sonnets. As printed, the book concludes with three sonnet sequences comprising a further eighty-three sonnets and eighteen songs, in a freshly paginated section. These sequences...
Intertextuality and Influence Maureen Duffy
Living her afterlife on Mount Parnassus, Duffy's Sappho is familiar with women poets who have written in English: her favourite is Aphra Behn .
Duffy, Maureen. “My Life with Aphra Behn”. Women’s Writing, No. 2.
244

Timeline

Later 8th century BC
This time probably saw the genesis of Homer's Iliad, though few dates are more hotly argued over, and the very existence of Homer as a person who created (traditional, formulaic, oral) epicpoems is arguable.
1555
French poetLouise Labé (c. 1520-1566), a salonnière in the city of Lyons, daughter and wife of rope-makers, published her Oeuvres at Lyons.
1691
William Walsh published anonymously A Dialogue Concerning Women, Being a Defence of the Sex, Written to Eugenia.
1764
German labouring-class poet Anna Luise Karsch first reached print with four separate publications at Berlin, most importantly a collection, Auserlesene Gedichte (edited for publication by J. G. Sulzer ).
1886
Eva Hope 's Queens of Literature of the Victorian Era singled out Mary Somerville , Harriet Martineau , Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Charlotte Brontë , George Eliot , and Felicia Hemans .
1968
Peter Jay founded Anvil Press Poetry , which by the early twenty-first century was based in Greenwich in south-east London, and described itself as England's longest-standing independent poetry publisher.
April 1972
Sappho began monthly publication in London as one of the few magazines written for and about lesbians.
November 1981
The lesbianmagazineSappho ended publication in London.
1992
The city of Leiden in the Netherlands initiated its Tegen-Beeld , or Wall Poems, by painting on a wall a poem by Marina Tsvetajeva or Tsvetaeva: the design is important as well as the words.
April 2016
A bot, or Twitter account programmed to issue a piece of writing divided into fragments of 140 characters or less, entitled Sappho @sapphobot, was launched this month and became Twitter's most popular poetry bot (apart from...