Felicia Hemans

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Standard Name: Hemans, Felicia
Birth Name: Felicia Dorothea Browne
Married Name: Felicia Dorothea Hemans
Pseudonym: F. H.
Pseudonym: A Lady
A major Romantic poet and the most popular woman poet (or poetess as she and others expressed it) in English during the nineteenth century, FH published nineteen volumes of verse and two dramas. While most of her work was poetry—songs, lyric poetry, dramatic lyrics (arguably dramatic monologues), narrative poetry, and verse drama—she also published literary criticism, and some of her private letters survive. After her death she became in the mid-Victorian period a household name and a staple for memorizing as the popular educational practice at home and in the colonies. Her evocation of the domestic affections and the values associated with English national valour and imperial strength resonated strongly with her contemporaries, but in the late Victorian period her work fell out of favour. Recently interest has revived in her as a female voice within Romanticism, and as a vehicle for bourgeois, domestic, and British hegemony that nevertheless also critiques the very values and ideals for which her work became a byword. Recognition of her as a major poetic voice has accompanied a substantial shift in the understanding of British Romanticism.
Black and white photograph of a painting of Felicia Hemans, seated with her head turned in profile and her arm resting on a rug draped over her chair, She is wearing a light billowy dress with tight high waist, puffed sleeves, large laced collar, and voluminous skirt. She holds a book or album with clasps.
"Felicia Hemans" Retrieved from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Felicia_Hemans_2.jpg. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.

Connections

Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
death Maria Jane Jewsbury
The news of MJJ 's death took some time to reach England; Felicia Hemans did not hear of it until the following summer. Shocked by the news, Hemans wrote that MJJ was taken away in...
Dedications Maria Jane Jewsbury
MJJ published her second volume of poetry, Lays of Leisure Hours, dedicated to Felicia Hemansin remembrance of the summer passed in her society.
Jewsbury, Maria Jane. Lays of Leisure Hours. J. Hatchard, 1829.
Blain, Virginia, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford, 1990.
Education Winifred Peck
It was probably Mary A. Marzials ' anthology Gems of English Poetry which made poetry the only lesson the Knoxes disliked. Winifred felt that Hemans 's boy on the burning deck cut a poor figure...
Education Annie S. Swan
ASS says her first conscious memory was of telling a quite deliberate lie at the age of five, and basely tempt[ing] two infant brothers to share my crime.
Swan, Annie S. My Life. Ivor Nicholson and Watson, 1934.
14
Her mother took care to cultivate...
Education Mary Linskill
ML was taught to read by her aunt Hannah Tireman , a professional upholsterer.
Stamp, Cordelia. Mary Linskill. Caedmon of Whitby, 1980.
3
She said later that she began to read both prose and poetry with avidity at an early age.
Bainton, George, editor. The Art of Authorship. J. Clarke, 1890.
97
Her...
Education Emma Marshall
At a very early age Emma Martin could recite See'st thou my home is where yon woods are waving by Felicia Hemans .
Marshall, Beatrice. Emma Marshall. Seeley, 1900.
8
After leaving school she continued to study music with Dr Zacariah or Zechariah Buck
Education Jean Rhys
At a very young age, JR imagined that God was a book. She was so slow to read that her parents were concerned, but then suddenly found herself able to read even the longer words...
Education Elizabeth Gaskell
The school moved to Avonbank House in Stratford upon Avon, a Tudor mansion that had once belonged to a cousin of Shakespeare's, in May 1824. Here Elizabeth learned English, history, geography and music. Women...
Education Dora Greenwell
Thereafter, she taught herself, studying philosophy, Latin, German, Italian, French, political economy, and theology.
“Dictionary of Literary Biography online”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Center-LRC.
199
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Dorling, William. Memoirs of Dora Greenwell. James Clarke, 1885.
73
She was very well read and took a particular interest in the writings of Caroline Norton , Felicia Hemans
Family and Intimate relationships Frances Power Cobbe
Lloyd was the daughter of the squire of Rhagatt in Merionethshire, Wales; a maiden aunt in the family had been a friend of the Ladies of Llangollen (Eleanor Butler and Sarah Ponsonby )...
Family and Intimate relationships Maria Jane Jewsbury
Her sister Geraldine was her bridesmaid and Felicia Hemans ' brother-in-law, the Rev. H. Hughes , performed the ceremony, during which MJJ is reported to have uttered the terrible obey, with edifying distinctness.
Gillett, Eric, and Maria Jane Jewsbury. “Maria Jane Jewsbury: A Memoir”. Maria Jane Jewsbury: Occasional Papers, Oxford University Press, 1932, p. xiii - lxvii.
lix
Espinasse, Francis, and Francis Espinasse. “Maria Jane Jewsbury”. Lancashire Worthies: Second Series, Simpkin, Marshall; John Heywood, 1877, pp. 323 - 39.
330
Howe, Susanne. Geraldine Jewsbury: Her Life and Errors. George Allen and Unwin, 1935.
18
Family and Intimate relationships Mary Anne Jevons
Mary Anne was very close to her father, William Roscoe , the historian, writer, patron of the arts, abolitionist and reformer. William began his professional career as a barrister, but retired early. Soon afterwards he...
Fictionalization Lady Anne Clifford
The Memorial Pillar, a poem by Felicia Hemans , meditates on the monument which LAC set up to record her final parting from her mother.
Wilson, Frances. “The Italy of Human Beings”. London Review of Books, pp. 26 - 7.
27
Fictionalization Lady Arbella Stuart
LAS has been much written about, though more for her life than her authorship. In 1611 The Second Maiden's Tragedy, probably by Thomas Middleton , made her into the Lady, James I into...
Friends, Associates Eliza Mary Hamilton
She was introduced to William Wordsworth through her brother , and Wordsworth visited the Hamilton siblings at Dunsink in August 1829.
Blain, Virginia. “Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Eliza Mary Hamilton, and the Genealogy of the Victorian Poetess”. Victorian Poetry, No. 1, pp. 31 -51.
38
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
She also knew Maria Edgeworth , Felicia Hemans , and publisher William Jerdan. .
Blain, Virginia. “Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Eliza Mary Hamilton, and the Genealogy of the Victorian Poetess”. Victorian Poetry, No. 1, pp. 31 -51.
44

Timeline

1-3 August 1798
In the Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir (or Abu Qir) Bay), the British fleet under Nelson attacked and in large part destroyed the fleet of revolutionary France.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
under Nelson
20 December 1808-13 January 1809
British forces under Sir John Moore (and the women accompanying them) suffered fearful hardship in retreating through the mountains towards Corunna in north-west Spain.
6 November 1817
Princess Charlotte died at 2.30 a.m. after delivering a stillborn son. Poor clinical judgement was to blame; intense national mourning and controversy followed.
1830
Nearly a decade after Felicia Hemans 's Dartmoor, a poem, Sophie Dixon published at Plymouth two journals, in prose and verse, of excursions around the moor.
22 March 1832
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe died at Weimar in Germany in his early eighties.
Chisholm, Hugh, editor. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cambridge University Press, 1911.
1861
A company in Salem, Massachusetts, issued what seems to be the earliest version of a game called Authors, whose object was to collect sets of cards bearing the names of writers and the...
1864
Famous Girls who have become Illustrious Women: Forming Models for Imitation by the Young Women of England, a very popular book of biographical sketches by John M. Darton , was published.
April 1879
James Murray —editor since 1 March of what was to become the Oxford English Dictionary—issued an Appeal for readers to supply illustrative quotations.
1886
Eva Hope 's Queens of Literature of the Victorian Era singled out Mary Somerville , Harriet Martineau , Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Charlotte Brontë , George Eliot , and Felicia Hemans .
1886
Eva Hope 's Queens of Literature of the Victorian Era singled out Mary Somerville , Harriet Martineau , Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Charlotte Brontë , George Eliot , and Felicia Hemans .
10 September 2003
Guardian Unlimited Books named as Site of the Week a website entitled Poetry Landmarks of Britain: a map of poetic assocations plotted on an interactive map of Britain, searchable by region or category.