John Wilkes

Standard Name: Wilkes, John


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Charlotte Forman
One might suppose that CF was without personal religious belief, since she flattered the notoriously atheistical Wilkes with the idea that he was likely to be more charitable than somebody devout. On the other hand...
death Charlotte Forman
In her final letter to Wilkes , on 9 April 1770, she had described her breaking health in such terms as make it surprising that she could live for another seventeen years afterwards.
Gold, Joel J. “’Buried Alive’: Charlotte Forman in Grub Street”. Eighteenth-Century Life, No. 1, pp. 28 -45.
Family and Intimate relationships Ann Thicknesse
Philip Thicknesse's anarchic energy tended to change the environments in which he and his family lived. Felixstowe Cottage acquired more and more whimsical decoration under his ownership; in the hills near Quoit he set up...
Family and Intimate relationships Sophia King
In SK 's life, as in her sister's, their father, John King , the former Jacob Rey, loomed large. He was a self-made man, a money-lender, a political radical and associate of Wilkes , the...
Family and Intimate relationships Catharine Macaulay
One of CM 's brothers, also named John Sawbridge , grew up a radical like herself. He became a member of parliament and Lord Mayor of London. He had a friendship with John Wilkes
Family and Intimate relationships Catharine Macaulay
The Rev. Thomas Wilson , whose home CM shared for some time, was a widower, an ambitious churchman, and a book-collector. He was absentee rector of St Stephen Walbrook in London. He had been...
Family and Intimate relationships Catharine Macaulay
At twenty-one, he was much younger than she was (though many exaggerated the age difference), and of a lower rank (a saddler's son, and at the time of their marriage a surgeon's mate). He was...
Friends, Associates Frances Wright
FW 's close friend Robina Millar had written letters of introduction for her and her sister, and once in New York they made the acquaintance of the conservative Charles Wilkes , nephew of the radical...
Friends, Associates Maria Barrell
She seems to have been a personal friend of John Wilkes , and embroidered him a sword-knot as a birthday present.
Barrell, Maria. Reveries du Coeur. Dodsley, Walter, Owen, and Yeats, 1770.
Friends, Associates Catharine Macaulay
With her husband CM lived a busy social life. She met Frances Sheridan after she had become a writer.
Hill, Bridget. The Republican Virago: The Life and Times of Catharine Macaulay, Historian. Clarendon Press, 1992.
She subscribed to Elizabeth Carter 's translation of Epictetus . Of her radical friends Thomas Hollis
Friends, Associates Mary Robinson
Robinson found good friends among the male cultural and social leaders with whom she remained free to mix. Her daughter particularly mentions, as well as Sheridan , Sir Joshua Reynolds , Edmund Burke , and...
Friends, Associates Charlotte Forman
John Wilkes became her staunch friend and patron: she built this relationship herself through the wit, charm, and pathos of her letters. Another patron, the Earl of Hillsborough , proved disappointing as a source of...
Intertextuality and Influence Mary Seymour Montague
The title and structure of the poem suggest Pope 's Essay on Man, 1733-4. MSM echoes Pope's lines repeatedly, turning their meaning to reflect her own different emphases. Where Pope sets out to vindicate...
Literary responses Catharine Macaulay
The Political Register printed a satire, The Marriage of Junius to Miss Laetitia Liberty: CM (in the Character of Freedom) and Wilkes both figure in the wedding procession.
Clark, Anna. “The Chevalier d’Eon and Wilkes: Masculinity and Politics in the Eighteenth Century”. Eighteenth-Century Studies, No. 1, pp. 19 -48.
Literary responses Catharine Macaulay
Walpole thought CM 's principles sounder and more securely settled than Burke's, while Burke (coining the term republican Virago) judged her the ablest among his opponents.
Hill, Bridget. The Republican Virago: The Life and Times of Catharine Macaulay, Historian. Clarendon Press, 1992.
Hill, Bridget. The Republican Virago: The Life and Times of Catharine Macaulay, Historian. Clarendon Press, 1992.
But John Wilkes astutely pointed out...


Wealthy West Indian proprietor William Beckford (father of the author of the same name) launched The Monitor, the first newspaper to appeal explicitly to London freeholders, that is the well-to-do urban middle class.
June 1762
John Wilkes and Charles Churchill launched the anti-government paper The North Briton; on 23 April 1763 the notorious number 45 attacked the king's speech and indirectly made Wilkes into a hero of radical opinion.
23 April 1763
John Wilkes and Charles Churchill 's North Briton number 45 attacked the king's speech; the arrest of Wilkes and the printers followed.
15 November 1763
The House of Lords learned of the existence of the scurrilous, obsceneEssay on Woman by Thomas Potter and John Wilkes , after its private, thirteen-copy edition for members of the Hell Fire Club had...
7 September 1765
Lloyd's Evening Post reported that the chevalier d'Éon and John Wilkes had each been attacked by six ruffians in the streets of London.
January 1768
The radical Political Register celebrated the learning and political acumen of the chevalier d'Éon, publishing long extracts from his works.
February 1768
James Boswell published his composite work on the Corsican liberation struggle: An Account of Corsica; the Journal of a Tour to that Island; and Memoirs of Pascal Paoli.
4 February-13 April 1769
Disputes occurred over John Wilkes 's right to take his seat in the House of Commons , from which he had been expelled for the first time in 1764.
20 February 1769
The Bill of Rights Society was founded at the London Tavern by John Horne (later John Horne Tooke ), John Sawbridge , Thomas Wilson , and others, to support Wilkes and to defend the legal...
3 March 1770
Hissing from supporters of John Wilkes prevented the opening performance of a pro-government play, Word to the Wise by Hugh Kelly at Drury Lane .
After April 1770
Two reforms were passed by parliament: MPs' immunity from civil prosecution was ended, and the Elections Act provided committees to investigate contested elections.
By 26 March 1771
All London was agog over the chevalier d'Éon's real sex: the issue was hotly debated, and bets laid.
John Wilkes called on parliament to introduce universal manhood suffrage.
30 April 1776
John Wilkes , in a plan for parliamentary reform, put forward a proposal for universal male suffrage; Richard Price had recently, in Observations on Civil Liberty, also proposed abolishing the House of Lords .
May 1817
Opposition publisher William Hone was arrested for blasphemous libel on the strength of three politicalpamphlets that parodied the Book of Common Prayer.