George Sand

Standard Name: Sand, George
Birth Name: Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin
Married Name: Amantine Aurore Lucile Dudevant
Pseudonym: George Sand
French writer George Sand (Aurore Dudevant) wrote over one hundred novels and plays. Her correspondence fills twenty-five volumes. She averaged two novels a year after 1831. British writers including Elizabeth Barrett Browning and George Eliot were strongly influenced by her writing, and her notorious life became one of the benchmarks by which women writers were judged.
Jordan, Ruth. George Sand: A Biographical Portrait. Taplinger, 1976.
Black and white photograph of George Sand by Nadar, 1864. She is seated, wearing a broad skirt and matching poncho top in thin stripes dress with a dark blouse underneath, a tassel on a long string around her neck, and dangling earrings. Her dark hair, greying a little along the centre parting, is jaw-length and curly.
"George Sand" Retrieved from,_1864.jpg. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Intertextuality and Influence John Oliver Hobbes
JOH 's speeches and interviews regularly deal with literature. In an interview with William Archer , she admits to admiring Arthur Wing Pinero 's characterisation of women, while noting how little individualised are some of...
Intertextuality and Influence Charlotte Brontë
Given CB 's intensive reading in French in the 1840s, some critics have concluded that she read George Sand during the period when she was moving her writing from the world of the juvenilia to...
Intertextuality and Influence Susan Tweedsmuir
The opening proper of this volume invokes with some trepidation George Sand 's statement that there is nothing more tedious than the dregs of an old régime.
Tweedsmuir, Susan. A Winter Bouquet. G. Duckworth, 1954.
Again the structure of the book is...
Leisure and Society Charlotte Dempster
During one of her trips to Paris, CD attended a performance of a play by George Sand . Sand's work, she thought, did not suit the stage: behind the footlights you miss all that makes...
Literary responses Mary Augusta Ward
The novel was a massive success, in the words of Henry Jamesa momentous public event.
Ward, Mary Augusta. “Introduction”. Robert Elsmere, edited by Rosemary Ashton, Oxford University Press, 1987, p. vii - xviii.
Critic John Sutherland deems it the best-selling work of quality fiction in the nineteenth century. By the summer...
Literary responses Margaret Fuller
The memoir of MF 's life which appeared (edited by Emerson and others) the year after her death aroused interest from such people as George Eliot and Henry Crabb Robinson . Robinson observed that no...
Literary responses Willa Cather
A review by Randolph Bourne in the USA levelled much the same criticisms as William Heinemann in England.
Cather, Willa. On Writing. Editor Tennant, Stephen, Alfred A. Knopf, 1949.
H. L. Mencken , however, thought this book still more competent, more searching and convincing, better...
Literary responses Lady Caroline Lamb
William Lamb worried intensely about the probable reception of Ada Reis, particularly the scenes in hell, and he tried to enlist William Gifford of the Quarterly as an ally in pressuring Caroline to tone...
Literary responses Emily Lawless
In a long assessment for the New Review, Mary Augusta Ward also cited Loti, but pointed too at Spanish writers Fernan Caballero and Perez Galdos as exhibiting a similar care for landscape ....
Literary responses George Eliot
On the whole reviewers were enthusiastic (E. S. Dallas began his notice in the Times, George Eliot is as great as ever
Carroll, David, editor. George Eliot: The Critical Heritage. Barnes and Noble, 1971.
), but the ending of The Mill on the Floss...
Material Conditions of Writing Harriet Beecher Stowe
HBS used her earlier travels in Europe as material for a travel guide for Americans. She had met Germaine de Staël and Elizabeth Gaskell while in Europe, and had voraciously read everything by George Sand
Occupation Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
His attention to questions of power and representation helped spawn poststructuralist theory. His unregenerate misogyny—expressed in contempt for little bluestockings
Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, and Michael Tanner. Twilight of the Idols; and, The Anti-Christ. Translator Holligdale, Reginald John, Penguin, 1990.
like George Eliot , for George Sand as a prolific writing-cow,
Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, and Michael Tanner. Twilight of the Idols; and, The Anti-Christ. Translator Holligdale, Reginald John, Penguin, 1990.
politics Julia Ward Howe
Julia and her husband were active participants in the movement to end slavery. Samuel was hired to manage the abolitionist newspaper The Commonwealth in Boston. Julia contributed a cultural column, including a paper on Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author summary Matilda Hays
Matilda Hays was a novelist, translator of George Sand , editor, and contributor to periodicals. Her work spanned many genres and a variety of topics related to women's work and opportunities. One of her two...
Author summary Mathilde Blind
MB was one of the leading poets of the later nineteenth century; her burning sense of political and social injustice runs like a unifying thread through her work. Her poetry combines great beauty of sound...


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