Germaine de Staël

Standard Name: Staël, Germaine de
Birth Name: Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker
Married Name: Anne-Louise-Germaine de Staël
Used Form: Germaine de Stael
GS is remembered primarily for her political activism and the salons she established following the French Revolution; history, politics, and culture were certainly among her frequent literary subjects. The same interests inform her highly successful and influential novels, some short stories and, less significantly, plays. Other writings include literary criticism and personal letters.
Winegarten, Renee. Mme de Staël. Berg.
Her anglophilia and her attention to English literature and culture gave her particular importance for British women writers.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Family and Intimate relationships Georgiana Chatterton
GC was born at the home of a maternal aunt, Margaret Pitt , wife of William Morton Pitt. A beautiful woman, Georgiana's aunt moved among the leading figures of her day. She spent time at...
Friends, Associates Anna Jane Vardill
Robinson recorded that Vardill visited the novelist Germaine de Staël during the latter's second period of exile in London during 1813-14, and offered to become her amanuensis: an offer which was declined.
Snell, Susan. “Enlightenment Females and Freemasonry”. Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism, Vol.
, No. 1-2.
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Inchbald
EI first met both Maria Edgeworth (with whom her friendship had begun two years earlier, when Edgeworth wrote to her in praise of A Simple Story) and Germaine de Staël .
Manvell, Roger. Elizabeth Inchbald: England’s Principal Woman Dramatist and Independent Woman of Letters in 18th Century London. University Press of America.
Friends, Associates Ella Wheeler Wilcox
Another uncomfortable experience grew out of Ella Wheeler's early literary success when she was taken up by a woman she calls Mrs Salon, who, since there flourished at the time a Milwaukee School of Poetry...
Friends, Associates Amelia Opie
She had already begun to move in fashionable circles, and became friendly with Lady Caroline Lamb , Lady Cork , and painters James Northcote and Sir Joshua Reynolds .
Opie, Amelia. “Introduction”. Adeline Mowbray, edited by Shelley King and John B. Pierce, Oxford University Press, p. i - xxix.
In 1802, in London and...
Friends, Associates Catherine Fanshawe
When CF met both Byron and Germaine de Staël in spring 1814 at a dinner party at the house of Sir Humphry Davy , she was unimpressed by Byron and his outpourings of radical opinion...
Friends, Associates Amelia Opie
In 1813 she again met de Staël (who was visiting London) and introduced her to Elizabeth Inchbald . Others she met after her husband's death included Richard Brinsley Sheridan , Byron , and Sir Walter Scott
Friends, Associates Catharine Macaulay
In ParisCM met distinguished women as well as men: Suzanne Necker (mother of Germaine de Staël ), the writer Anne-Marie du Bocage , and the hostesses Mme de Geoffrin and Mme du Deffand .
Hill, Bridget. The Republican Virago: The Life and Times of Catharine Macaulay, Historian. Clarendon Press.
Friends, Associates Anne Marsh
Before her marriage Anne Caldwell (later AM ) seems to have lived in close ties of friendship with the women of the Wedgwood and Darwin families, including Sarah , wife of Josiah Wedgwood . She...
Friends, Associates Joanna Baillie
Through her friendship with Mary Berry , JB met Germaine de Staël .
Carhart, Margaret S. The Life and Work of Joanna Baillie. Archon Books.
Friends, Associates Joanna Baillie
On 11 May 1812 Henry Crabb Robinson recorded in his diary meeting JB and other women writers on a visit to Miss Benjers (Elizabeth Ogilvy Benger ). In his account of this pleasant evening...
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
Her close friendship with Germaine de Staël (carried on largely by letter) is a marker of her European orientation.
Friends, Associates Ellis Cornelia Knight
ECK continued through the later part of her life to cultivate relationships with royalty and the aristocracy, of her own nation and others. Her friendships with Lord St Vincent and with Lady Aylesbury (or Ailesbury)
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Ogilvy Benger
Having already praised many contemporary women writers in print, EOB was now able to meet them. The move to London was accomplished principally through the zealous friendship of Miss Sarah Wesley , who had already...
Friends, Associates Sydney Owenson, Lady Morgan
On her first visit to Paris, she met Germaine de Staël , and formed lasting friendships with the marquise de Villette (Voltaire 's adopted daughter) and with Elizabeth Patterson (an American heiress, the abandoned...


1804: The publisher George, George, and John Robinson,...

Writing climate item


The publisher George, George, and John Robinson , whose list of women writers had been distinguished, went bankrupt.

1864: Famous Girls who have become Illustrious...

Writing climate item


Famous Girls who have become Illustrious Women: Forming Models for Imitation by the Young Women of England, a very popular book of biographical sketches by John M. Darton , was published.

By Christmas 1869: Francis Galton, mathematician, scientist,...

Writing climate item

By Christmas 1869

Francis Galton , mathematician, scientist, and eugenicist, published Hereditary Genius: An Enquiry into its Laws and Consequences,


Staël, Germaine de. Considérations sur les principaux événemens de la révolution françoise. Delaunay, 1818.
Staël, Germaine de. Corinne. Imprimerie des Annales des arts et manufactures, 1807.
Staël, Germaine de. Corinne; or, Italy. Translators Hill, Isabel and L. E. L., R. Bentley, 1833.
Staël, Germaine de. Corinne; or, Italy. Translators Hill, Isabel and L. E. L., A. L. Burt, 1857.
Staël, Germaine de. De l’Allemagne. H. Nicolle, 1810.
Staël, Germaine de. De l’influence des passions. Jean Mourer, 1796.
Staël, Germaine de. De la littérature. 1800.
Staël, Germaine de. Delphine. J. J. Paschoud, 1802.
Staël, Germaine de. Dix années d’exil. Treuttel and Würtz, 1821.
Staël, Germaine de, and Germaine de Staël. “Essai sur les fictions”. Recueil de morceaux détachés, Durand, Ravenel, 1795, pp. 61-4.
Elizabeth Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, and Germaine de Staël. Le plus beau de toutes les fêtes. Editor Pange, Victor de, Klincksieck, 1980.
Staël, Germaine de. Lettres sur les ouvrages et le caractère de J.-J. Rousseau. 1788.
Staël, Germaine de. Réflexions sur la paix. 1794.
Staël, Germaine de. Réflexions sur le procès de la reine. 1793.
Staël, Germaine de. Réflexions sur le suicide. Charles Delén, 1813.
Hill, Isabel et al. “Translator’s Preface; Madame de Staël”. Corinne; or, Italy, translated by. Isabel Hill and L. E. L., A. L. Burt, 1857, p. iii - iv; v-xxi.
Staël, Germaine de. Zulma. 1794.
Staël, Germaine de. Œuvres complètes. Treuttel and Würtz, 1821.