Elizabeth Blackwell

Standard Name: Blackwell, Elizabeth,, 1821 - 1910
Used Form: Dr Elizabeth Blackwell


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Education Sophia Jex-Blake
The two women first had to complete their medical degrees at Bern in Switzerland, then gain clinical experience in London, before sitting the examinations in Dublin. Annie Clark , Eliza Walker Dunbar
Family and Intimate relationships Antoinette Brown Blackwell
By their marriages, ABB and Lucy Stone became sisters-in-law of Elizabeth Blackwell , the first woman to qualify as a physician in the USA.
Friends, Associates Mary Howitt
They became close to a young friend met in Rome, Margaret Foley , a sculptor from New England, who took up summer residence in the same spot. Visitors to their house in Rome included...
Friends, Associates Florence Nightingale
Her notoriety (following the war and from her later work) placed FN in the society of many important contemporaries, including every Prime Minister of her time.
Dolan, Josephine A. Nursing In Society: A Historical Perspective. Saunders.
She maintained a correspondence with Cardinal Manning ...
Friends, Associates Matilda Betham-Edwards
Coventry Patmore and the pioneer doctor Elizabeth Blackwell lived in the same village as MBE .
Black, Helen C. Notable Women Authors of the Day. D. Bryce.
Friends, Associates Bessie Rayner Parkes
In later years she became friendly with hymn-writer Elizabeth Rundle Charles .
Lowndes, Marie Belloc. I, Too, Have Lived in Arcadia. Macmillan.
One of her closest non-literary friends was Mary Merryweather , a Quaker nurse who shared BRP 's interest in promoting standards of...
Friends, Associates Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon
Barbara Leigh Smith (later BLSB ) and Bessie Rayner Parkes met Dr Elizabeth Blackwell , then the western world's only qualified female physician.
Herstein, Sheila R. A Mid-Victorian Feminist: Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon. Yale University Press.
Intertextuality and Influence Sophia Jex-Blake
Jex-Blake's essay was heavily influenced by her relationship with Dr Lucy Sewall . By her late twenties, Sewall had established a national reputation for her work as a woman doctor. SJB also drew on a...
politics Emily Davies
ED 's friend Elizabeth Garrett determined to become a doctor after hearing Dr Elizabeth Blackwell lecture. When Garrett found her studies at Middlesex Hospital impeded by the medical profession's prejudice against women, ED helped her...
politics Sophia Jex-Blake
She aimed to establish credibility for a female medical college by gathering an impressive group of physicians. They included the editor of the British Medical Journal, Ernest Hart , Thomas Henry Huxley , Dr...
politics Sophia Jex-Blake
The school was located at 30 Henrietta Street, Brunswick Square. It opened with fourteen students (one of them Jex-Blake herself) on 12 October. Thirteen people contributed £1,000 each towards the organization. Students had to...
politics Jane Hume Clapperton
Others who attended the club included Annie Besant , Olive Schreiner , Elizabeth Blackwell , Henrietta Müller , and Eleanor Marx .
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. http://www.oxforddnb.com/.
Bland, Lucy. Banishing the Beast: Feminism, Sex and Morality. Tauris Parke.
Author summary Sophia Jex-Blake
In a society that valued modesty, where women refrained from seeking treatment from male doctors for some medical problems, SJB saw a need for women doctors. Through extensive conflict, she became the third woman to...
Reception Frances Power Cobbe
FPC 's importance to her contemporaries is most readily recalled today by the fact that Matthew Arnold thought her a worthy target of his corrective wisdom in The Function of Criticism at the Present Time...
Theme or Topic Treated in Text Margaret Forster
For subjects of particular chapters she chooses Caroline Norton , Elizabeth Blackwell , Florence Nightingale , Josephine Butler , Elizabeth Cady Stanton , Margaret Sanger , and Emma Goldman , selected this time not for...


1849: Elizabeth Blackwell earned a medical degree...

Building item


Elizabeth Blackwell earned a medical degree from Geneva Medical College in New York State, becoming the first woman to graduate from an American medical school.

1852: Dr Elizabeth Blackwell published The Laws...

Writing climate item


Dr Elizabeth Blackwell published The Laws of Life, with Special Reference to the Physical Education of Girls.

1 January 1859: Elizabeth Blackwell became the first female...

Building item

1 January 1859

Elizabeth Blackwell became the first female physician listed on the United Kingdom Medical Register.

January 1859: Physician Elizabeth Blackwell delivered a...

Building item

January 1859

Physician Elizabeth Blackwell delivered a series of lectures in London; extracts from them appeared in the English Woman's Journal.

May 1859: Elizabeth Blackwell toured England, lecturing...

Building item

May 1859

Elizabeth Blackwell toured England, lecturing on the topic of medical reform in Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool.

January 1860: The English Woman's Journal published Elizabeth...

Building item

January 1860

The English Woman's Journal published Elizabeth Blackwell 's article entitled Letter to Young Ladies Desirous of Studying Medicine.

: Elizabeth Blackwell returned to Britain from...

Building item


Elizabeth Blackwell returned to Britain from the United States (where she had taken her degree), and began practicing medicine in London.

1876: Elizabeth Blackwell found a publisher for...

Building item


Elizabeth Blackwell found a publisher for her recently completed manuscript, but only after altering the title to emphasize her authority as a doctor.

Between 1881 and 1886: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony,...

Writing climate item

Between 1881 and 1886

Elizabeth Cady Stanton , Susan B. Anthony , and Matilda Joslyn Gage published the first three volumes of their History of Woman Suffrage. They dedicated the first volume to the memory of Mary Wollstonecraft .

1881: Elizabeth Blackwell proposed improvements...

Building item


Elizabeth Blackwell proposed improvements to the Contagious Diseases Acts that would not discriminate against prostitutes.

1902: At the request of her friends a two-volume...

Women writers item


At the request of her friends a two-volume collection of the reprinted writings of Elizabeth Blackwell appeared as Essays in Medical Sociology.


Blackwell, Elizabeth. Essays in Medical Sociology. Ernest Bell, 1902.