Olive Schreiner

Standard Name: Schreiner, Olive
Birth Name: Olive Emilie Albertina Schreiner
Pseudonym: Ralph Iron
OS was a political and social activist as well as a writer. Her biographer Liz Stanley says she was internationally probably the best-known feminist writer and theorist from the 1880s through to the 1930s.
Stanley, Liz. “Encountering the Imperial and Colonial Past through Olive Schreiner’s <span data-tei-ns-tag="tei_title" data-tei-title-lvl=‘m’>Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland</span&gt”;. Women’s Writing, Vol.
, No. 2, pp. 197-19.
Much of her writing strongly advocates a more democratic, just, free society, using to do so the art of allegory and the parable. Her early novels were followed by a large number of political essays. Later, she published the feminist testament which made her an icon in the women's movement in the early decades of the twentieth century. She carried on a voluminous correspondence with many family members and friends, the latter including Havelock Ellis , Edward Carpenter , and Karl Pearson . Several volumes of these have been published posthumously, as were two early novels which she deemed unpublishable during her lifetime.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
death Constance Lytton
CL died at the bed-sittingroom she had just moved into in London (once the lodging of Olive Schreiner ) at the early age of fifty-three.
Lytton, Constance. Letters of Constance Lytton. Editor Elizabeth Edith, Countess of Balfour, Heinemann.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. http://www.oxforddnb.com/.
Education Katharine Bruce Glasier
While enrolled at Newnham, Conway was inspired—both by her teacher Helen Gladstone (daughter of the prime minister) and visiting speaker Olive Schreiner —to adopt strong, militantly feminist views. Schreiner, she later wrote, encouraged every bit...
Education L. M. Montgomery
When her savings ran out, she left university and by the next year she was teaching again in Belmont, P.E.I. Among the influential books she read in the next few years were Olive Schreiner 's...
Education Doris Lessing
Before attending school and after she left, Doris educated herself by reading. Her parents possessed copies of the classics, like Scott , Dickens , and Kipling . She read widely in the nineteenth century—her favourites...
Family and Intimate relationships Gillian Slovo
Five hundred people were detained under this law in its first six months. On release they could be re-arrested (as First was as she stood in a phone booth outside the prison, about to tell...
Family and Intimate relationships Tillie Olsen
Abe had named his new, post-Tillie baby after one of her literary heroes, Olive Schreiner . TO later tried to erase him from her life, expunging traces of him from the record and blacking out...
Friends, Associates Michael Field
They made a friend of George Meredith some time before 1890 and visited him often.
Field, Michael, and William Rothenstein. Works and Days. Editors Moore, Thomas Sturge and D. C. Sturge Moore, J. Murray.
(When he sent them a signed copy of Modern Love, they were inspired to dance a Dionysic dance...
Friends, Associates Gladys Henrietta Schütze
GHS also knew and loved the greatOlive Schreiner .
Schütze, Gladys Henrietta. More Ha’pence Than Kicks. Jarrolds.
Vernon Lee , she said, was primarily a friend of her scientist husband; they both stayed with her several times. Schütze pondered the paradox...
Friends, Associates Isabella Ormston Ford
The sisters were friends of a large group of local female socialists who all campaigned for sex equality, many of whom were influenced by Carpenter. These included Katharine Bruce Glasier , Edith Priestman , Julia Varley
Friends, Associates Constance Lytton
In South Africa CL met and became a friend of the feminist writer Olive Schreiner ,
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. http://www.oxforddnb.com/.
Lytton, Constance. Prisons and Prisoners. Heinemann.
whom she warmly loved and admired for the rest of her life, though the friendship was conducted mainly by letter.
Lytton, Constance. Letters of Constance Lytton. Editor Elizabeth Edith, Countess of Balfour, Heinemann.
Friends, Associates Isabella Ormston Ford
Besides the Ford sisters, other members of the UDC included founding member James Ramsay MacDonald , executive committee member Helena Swanwick , and Vernon Lee , who was a good friend of IOF 's sister...
Friends, Associates Katharine Bruce Glasier
Her involvement in socialist circles led her to acquaintance with Sidney and Beatrice Webb , Edward Hulton (editor of the Sunday Chronicle), and Robert Blatchford , for whom she wrote several articles.
Thompson, Laurence. The Enthusiasts. Victor Gollancz Limited.
Friends, Associates Margaret Harkness
Probably through sisters Kate Potter Courtney (whose house Harkness often stayed at) and Beatrice Potter (later Webb) , MH began to associate with the intellectuals who frequented the Reading Room of the British Museum ...
Friends, Associates Mathilde Blind
One of her travelling companions (and a close friend) was the New Woman novelist Mona Caird (famous for her declaration calling the institution of marriage a vexatious failure in the Westminster Review in 1888).
Thesing, William B., editor. Dictionary of Literary Biography 199. Gale Research.
Friends, Associates E. Nesbit
Through her political interests she got to know George Bernard Shaw (with whom she had a brief affair but a succeeding steady friendship), Sidney Webb , Sydney Olivier , Annie Besant , Eleanor Marx ,...


2 May 1857: A grand dome designed by Panizzi was opened...

Building item

2 May 1857

A grand dome designed by Panizzi was opened in what had been the central courtyard of the British Museum .

July 1889: Women's Suffrage: A Reply appeared in the...

Building item

July 1889

Women's Suffrage: A Reply appeared in the Fortnightly Review to counter Mary Augusta Ward 's Appeal Against Female Suffrage in the previous month's Nineteenth Century.

1895: Thomas Bird Mosher of Portland, Maine, began...

Writing climate item


Thomas Bird Mosher of Portland, Maine, began publishing The Bibelot. A Reprint of Poetry & Prose for Book Lovers, a monthly series later collected as an annual volume, of exquisitely produced editions in tiny press-runs.

June 1908: The Women Writers' Suffrage League was established...

National or international item

June 1908


Schreiner, Olive. An English-South African’s View of the Situation: Words in Season. Hodder and Stoughton, 1899.
Schreiner, Olive. Dream Life and Real Life: A Little African Story. T. Fisher Unwin, 1893.
Schreiner, Olive. Dreams. T. Fisher Unwin, 1890.
Cronwright-Schreiner, S. C., and Olive Schreiner. “Foreword”. Thoughts on South Africa, Frederick A. Stokes, 1923, pp. 7-8.
Schreiner, Olive. From Man to Man; or Perhaps Only . . . T. Fisher Unwin, 1926.
Showalter, Elaine, and Olive Schreiner. “Introduction”. The Story of an African Farm, Bantam, 1993, p. vii - xxi.
Schreiner, Olive. “Preface”. The Letters of Olive Schreiner, 1876-1920, edited by S. C. Cronwright-Schreiner, Hyperion Press, 1976, p. v - viii.
Schreiner, Olive. “Preface”. Olive Schreiner Letters: Volume 1: 1871-1899, edited by Richard Rive, Oxford University Press, 1988, p. vii - ix.
Schreiner, Olive. The Letters of Olive Schreiner, 1876-1920. Editor Cronwright-Schreiner, S. C., T. Fisher Unwin, 1924.
Schreiner, Olive, and S. C. Cronwright-Schreiner. The Political Situation. T. Fisher Unwin, 1896.
Schreiner, Olive. The Story of an African Farm. Chapman and Hall, 1883.
Schreiner, Olive. The Story of an African Farm. Bantam, 1993.
Schreiner, Olive. Thoughts on South Africa. T. Fisher Unwin, 1923.
Schreiner, Olive. Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland. T. Fisher Unwin, 1897.
Schreiner, Olive. Undine. Harper and Brothers, 1928.
Schreiner, Olive. Woman and Labour. T. Fisher Unwin, 1911.