wrote novels, poems, and hymns, as well as books on historical and religious subjects. Her entire oeuvre is a testament to her vigorous evangelical convictions; her fiction typically marries religious didacticism with a spirited and readable style, compelling female narrators, and allusions ranging from chemistry to classical literature and aesthetic theory.
published at least fifty titles during her career in the latter half of the nineteenth century, sixteen with the
. Her novels went through many editions, and she was widely read in the