Holloway Prison

Connections

Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Employer Winsome Pinnock
In her late teens WP planned to become an actor. She abandoned a brief career on stage partly because she found herself being typecast in maternal roles. She sees her work as a writer as...
Family and Intimate relationships Constance Lytton
The elder of Constance's surviving brothers, Victor Bulwer-Lytton, second Earl of Lytton , a colonial civil servant and diplomat, was also a supporter of the suffrage campaign. He visited Constance in Holloway Prison ,
Lytton, Constance. Prisons and Prisoners. Heinemann, 1914.
152-3
Family and Intimate relationships Evelyn Sharp
They declined Ramsay MacDonald 's offer to be best man, not wanting the publicity. They were now constant companions, having belonged long ago to the same walking club and to the United Suffragists , and...
Family and Intimate relationships Edith Sitwell
ES 's mother , through her involvement with a forger, confidence trickster, and blackmailer, Julian Osgood Field , was convicted of fraud and sent to Holloway Prison for three months.
Glendinning, Victoria. Edith Sitwell. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1981.
43
Friends, Associates Mary Gawthorpe
During her time with the WSPU, MG worked with Christabel Pankhurst (who was twenty-four when Gawthorpe first met her, before she had yet met Isabella Ford ), whom, like Ethel Snowden , she knew from...
Friends, Associates Emmeline Pankhurst
On 5 March 1912 EP was again thrown into Holloway, along with a great many other suffragettes. During this incarceration she cultivated a friendship with composer Ethel Smyth .
Pankhurst, Sylvia. The Life of Emmeline Pankhurst. Kraus Reprint, 1969.
106
Health Jean Rhys
Before passing sentence on JR , the judge ordered a psychiatric assessment. Although she was probably declared free of any serious mental illness, she was diagnosed as a hysteric.
Angier, Carole. Jean Rhys: Life and Work. Little, Brown, 1990.
446
After failing to show...
Literary Setting Pat Arrowsmith
PA had been jailed herself eight times as a prisoner of conscience when she wrote this novel. It is set in Collingwood Prison, an institution closely resembling Holloway Women's Prison , where Arrowsmith was often...
Material Conditions of Writing Constance Lytton
Condemned to Holloway Prison for her part in a suffrage demonstration and finding that her class status singled her out for favouritism, CL exercised her right as a prisoner to petition the Home Secretary...
Material Conditions of Writing Pat Arrowsmith
She wrote much of Jericho while serving time in Holloway Prison , and dedicated it to her same-sex partner, Wendy Butlin .
Arrowsmith, Pat. Jericho. Heretic Books, 1984.
prelims
A second edition appeared in 1983.
Blackwell’s Online Bookshop.
Performance of text Ethel Smyth
The March of the Women was performed frequently at WSPU events. From Holloway Prison on 6 March 1912, after being arrested and sentenced to two months for suffrage activism, ES reported: I hear the March...
politics Constance, Countess Markievicz
Constance, Countess Markievicz, was arrested along with other Sinn Féin leaders (including Maud Gonne ) on the pretext of a German Plot, and imprisoned in Holloway Jail ; she was not released until 10 March 1919.
Haverty, Anne. Constance Markievicz: An Independent Life. Pandora, 1988.
182, 189
politics Mary Gawthorpe
MG was arrested for the first time, for suffrage action in disrupting the opening of Parliament in London; together with many suffrage leaders, she was sentenced to two months in Holloway Prison .
Holton, Sandra Stanley. Suffrage Days: Stories from the Women’s Suffrage Movement. Routledge, 1996.
127
politics Dora Marsden
DM was arrested for the first time when she was one of a WSPU deputation to Parliament . She was jailed for one month at Holloway Prison and her experience garnered much media attention.
Garner, Les. A Brave and Beautiful Spirit: Dora Marsden, 1882-1960. Avebury, 1990.
30-2
politics Violet Trefusis
VT associated herself with women deeply involved in wartime activities, and specifically (despite her pre-war visit to Mussolini ) with anti-Nazi events. For instance, her former house-guest Hélène Terré worked for the Red Cross in...

Timeline

Early November 1885
Four of the six defendants in the W. T. Stead abduction case (following his attempt to expose the white slave trade) were found guilty.
23 October 1906
During a demonstration at the opening of Parliament , eleven Women's Social and Political Union supporters were for the first time arrested and imprisoned: for two months in Holloway .
11 December 1906
Millicent Garrett Fawcett gave a banquet at the Savoy Hotel in London to celebrate the release from Holloway Prison of suffragists arrested on 23 October.
May 1909
The Women's Social and Political Union held a Votes for Women Exhibition at Prince's Skating Rink, Knightsbridge, London, which netted £5,607 for the suffrage cause.
5 July 1909
Marion Wallace Dunlop started the first suffrage hunger-strike after being arrested for stencilling graffitti on the wall of St Stephen's Hall in the House of Commons; she was released after four days.
30 October 1909
Rose Lamartine Yates planted a tree in Annie's Arboretum (named from Annie Kenney ), a commemorative landscape project begun by Emily and Mary Blathwayt at their home, Eagle House at Batheaston, which offered refuge...
20 February 1913
Lilian Lenton was first arrested, after she and another suffragist set fire to a tea-house in Kew Gardens. She became notorious first because of damage to her health by force-feeding when she went on...
10 March 1914
A suffragist, Mary Richardson , slashed the Rokeby Venus (the only known female nude by Velasquez , which shows Venus admiring herself in a mirror) in the National Gallery, London.
13 July 1955
Ruth Ellis was hanged at Holloway Prison in London for the murder of her boyfriend, the last woman in Britain to die by judicial execution.
2005
Six South London prostitutes, members of a theatre group called Rise , performed a play entitled Can You See Me?, written by themselves and Emma Bernard , freelance director.