George Eliot

Standard Name: Eliot, George
Birth Name: Mary Anne Evans
Nickname: Polly
Nickname: Pollian
Self-constructed Name: Mary Ann Evans
Self-constructed Name: Marian Evans
Self-constructed Name: Marian Evans Lewes
Pseudonym: George Eliot
Pseudonym: Felix Holt
Married Name: Mary Anne Cross
GE , one of the major novelists of the nineteenth century and a leading practitioner of fictional realism, was a professional woman of letters who also worked as an editor and journalist, and left a substantial body of essays, reviews, translations on controversial topics, and poetry.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Education Agatha Christie
By the time Agatha was born, Clara Miller believed that girls ought not to learn to read before the age of eight. Defiantly, Agatha taught herself to read at five. She eagerly devoured Lewis Carroll
Education Viola Meynell
After leaving school at sixteen, VM read widely on her own, especially English authors: George Eliot , Dickens , George Meredith , Arnold Bennett , John Galsworthy , and Thomas Hardy .
MacKenzie, Raymond N. A Critical Biography of English Novelist Viola Meynell, 1885-1956. Edwin Mellen.
61, 65
Education Toru Dutt
TD and Aru were briefly enrolled at a boarding school in Nice where they studied French.
Rao, Raja, and Toru Dutt. “Aru and Toru”. Ancient Ballads and Legends of Hindustan, Writers Workshop.
After moving to England they continued their studies and attended the Higher Lectures for Women series begun by Henry Sidgwick
Family and Intimate relationships Berta Ruck
Her Welsh grandmother, born Mary Anne Mathews , whom she called Nain, had kept a youthful journal, some of which BR prints.
Ruck, Berta. An Asset to Wales. Hutchinson.
While in London, Nain had met Ellen Terry and George Eliot ...
Family and Intimate relationships Edith J. Simcox
EJS , while passionate in her desire for George Eliot , would not allow the same kind of devotion to be bestowed upon herself. In 1881 one of her acquaintances (known to posterity only as...
Family and Intimate relationships Julia Frankau
Her daughter Joan (by marriage Joan Bennett ) became a university teacher and published books in the 1940s on George Eliot and Virginia Woolf .
Frankau, Reuben. Emails to Orlando about Julia Frankau, with attached bibliography.
Family and Intimate relationships Christina Stead
Within a year CS had become the lover of her American manager at work. William James Blech (later Blake) , whom she called Wilhelm at first and later Bill. He was both an investment...
Family and Intimate relationships Q. D. Leavis
The Roths were devastated by their daughter's decision to marry a gentile. They disowned her and ceased to give her any financial support. However, this period had its happy moments as well. Q. D. introduced...
Family and Intimate relationships Dorothy Bussy
DB 's mother, Jane Maria (Grant), Lady Strachey , was born on 13 March 1840 aboard an East India Company ship off the Cape of Good Hope. Her parents were Henrietta Chichele (of an...
Family and Intimate relationships Edith J. Simcox
In connection with writing a review of Middlemarch for The Academy, EJS met George Eliot .
McKenzie, Keith Alexander, and Gordon S. Haight. Edith Simcox and George Eliot. Oxford University Press.
Haight, Gordon S., and Keith Alexander McKenzie. “Introduction”. Edith Simcox and George Eliot, Oxford University Press, p. xi - xviii.
Family and Intimate relationships W. H. Auden
Nicholas Jenkins of Stanford University formerly maintained on his website at a section called W. H. Auden. Family Ghosts, designed to show how Auden's family, despite his claims to ordinariness, sprang from a...
Family and Intimate relationships Virginia Woolf
He was immensely influential. As editor of the Cornhill Magazine from 1871 to 1882, he published Henry James , Thomas Hardy , Matthew Arnold , Robert Browning , and George Meredith , among others.
Rosenbaum, S. P. “An Educated Man’s Daughter: Leslie Stephen, Virginia Woolf and the Bloomsbury Group”. Virginia Woolf: New Critical Essays, edited by Patricia Clements and Isobel Grundy, Vision; Barnes and Noble, pp. 32-56.
Family and Intimate relationships George Henry Lewes
GHL became the lover of Marian Evans, who was as yet neither a novelist nor George Eliot, but simply a young woman courageously making her way in the London world of professional writing.
Ashton, Rosemary. G. H. Lewes: A Life. Clarendon Press.
4, 333
Family and Intimate relationships Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
A vocal advocate of the single life in her novels and essays, she had long admired the kind of equal marriages enjoyed by Annie Fields and George Eliot . For her, Eliot's art was invigorated...
Friends, Associates Henry James
HJ met George Eliot in May 1869 and wrote memorably to his father of the most powerful beauty residing in her vast ugliness, which had made him end . . . in falling in...


1879: Emily Francis Pattison (later Emilia Dilke)...

Women writers item


Emily Francis Pattison (later Emilia Dilke) published (as E. F. S. Pattison) The Renaissance of Art in France.

April 1879: James Murray—editor since 1 March of what...

Writing climate item

April 1879

James Murray —editor since 1 March of what was to become the Oxford English Dictionary—issued an Appeal for readers to supply illustrative quotations.

1886: Eva Hope's Queens of Literature of the Victorian...

Women writers item


Eva Hope 's Queens of Literature of the Victorian Era singled out Mary Somerville , Harriet Martineau , Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Charlotte Brontë , George Eliot , and Felicia Hemans .

1886: The working-class, popular, evangelical writer...

Women writers item


The working-class, popular, evangelical writer Marianne Farningham (born Mary Ann Hearne or Hearn ) published as Eva Hope a book called Queens of Literature of the Victorian Era which reveals unexpected feminist sympathies.

1896: Theodor Herzl published, both in German and...

Writing climate item


Theodor Herzl published, both in German and English, his foundational Zionist text The Jewish State: An Attempt at a Modern Solution to the Jewish Question.

June 1966: Anthropologist Mary Douglas published her...

Women writers item

June 1966

AnthropologistMary Douglas published her best-known work, Purity and Danger, a study of ritual behaviour and taboo.

By early March 2009: Elaine Showalter published A Jury of Her...

Writing climate item

By early March 2009

Elaine Showalter published A Jury of Her Peers: American Women Writers From Anne Bradstreet to Annie Proulx.


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