Drabble, Margaret, editor. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. Oxford University Press, 1985.
Louis XVI, King of France
Standard Name: Louis XVI,, King of France
Used Form: Lewis the Sixteenth
|Connections Sort descending||Author name||Excerpt|
|Cultural formation||Germaine de Staël||
She was born into the wealthy and powerful bourgeoisie and was just eight years old when Louis XVI succeeded to the French throne. Her parents were both Swiss, but had settled in France. Owing to...
|Family and Intimate relationships||Honoré de Balzac|
|Family and Intimate relationships||Frances Burney|
|Family and Intimate relationships||Grace Elliott|
|Family and Intimate relationships||Mary Harcourt||
He was the opposite of his wife in one respect. In 1770 his father had said of him (in connection with letters): so great is his aversion to writing that without an absolute necessity he...
|Friends, Associates||Ellis Cornelia Knight||
Wherever they went the Knights always met, and always admired, members of the relevant royal family. On a visit to the Palace of Versailles during their time in Paris, they were able to see Louis XVI
|Leisure and Society||Anna Margaretta Larpent|
|Literary Setting||Catherine Gore||
The title-page quotes Shakespeare 's Richard II about the deposing of a king. The novel opens with precision: at five o'clock on 22 June 1791, with aristocrats fearful for their fate in the aftermath of...
|Material Conditions of Writing||Elizabeth Inchbald||
Every One Has His Fault, a comedy by EI , opened at Covent Garden , after being postponed for a week for fear of coinciding with the guillotining of Louis XVI of France .
The London Stage 1660-1800. Southern Illinois University Press, 1968.
O’Quinn, Daniel. “Bread: The Eruption and Interruption of Politics in Elizabeth Inchbald’s Every One Has His Fault”. European Romantic Review, No. 2, pp. 149 - 57.
|Material Conditions of Writing||Anne Grant||
After the guilloting of the French king Louis XVI , AG formulated an explicit statement of the political nature of female virtue, as she asserted the responsibility of (upper-class) women for the Revolution. I...
Her obituarist wrote that her zeal in the cause of civil and religious liberty was unabated by her husband's death.
In 1789 she deprecated the doctrine of hereditary right advanced by Charles James Fox
Meadley, George William. “Memoir of Mrs. Jebb”. The Monthly Repository, pp. 597 - 604, 661.
She smuggled the duc d'Orléans to his house by giving her name instead of his to those who challenged them. She went home on foot, then, hearing that many thought the duc would lead a...
|politics||Germaine de Staël||
Habitués of her salon included Lafayette , Condorcet , Narbonne , Talleyrand , and Thomas Jefferson .
In the following months she conspired with others to attempt the escape from revolutionary hands of aristocratic...
Kobak, Annette. “Mme de Staël and Fanny Burney”. The Burney Journal, pp. 12 -35.
She was, she wrote later, ignorant enough to flatter myself, that I was most materially serving my country, by making these proposals. She found, however, that the ministers were confident they knew better;
Wallace, Eglinton. The Conduct of the King of Prussia and General Dumouriez. J. Debrett, 1793.
The month after Louis XVI was guillotined, AS expressed her outrage at the developing Terror in France with an impassioned letter printed in the Gentleman's Magazine, urging her friend Helen Maria Williams to come home.
Ashmun, Margaret. The Singing Swan. Yale University Press; H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1931.
27 June 1789
Louis XVI ordered the First and Second Estates (nobility and clergy) to sit with the Third Estate in the French National Assembly.
5-6 October 1789
French market women marched on Versailles to demand that the king put an end to bread shortages and relocate to Paris, closer to his people.
14 September 1791
Louis XVI accepted the new French constitution.
10 August 1792
The Palace of the Tuileries in Paris was invaded (for the second time), and Louis XVI was removed from his throne.