Louis XVI, King of France

Standard Name: Louis XVI,, King of France
Used Form: Lewis the Sixteenth


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Germaine de Staël
She was born into the wealthy and powerful bourgeoisie and was just eight years old when Louis XVI succeeded to the French throne. Her parents were both Swiss, but had settled in France. Owing to...
Family and Intimate relationships Mary Harcourt
He was the opposite of his wife in one respect. In 1770 his father had said of him (in connection with letters): so great is his aversion to writing that without an absolute necessity he...
Family and Intimate relationships Honoré de Balzac
For many years HB was romantically linked to Madame de Berny , a god-daughter of Louis XVI and Marie-Antionette . He was devastated by her death in 1836.
Drabble, Margaret, editor. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. Oxford University Press, 1985.
Family and Intimate relationships Frances Burney
News of Louis XVI 's execution arrived a couple of days later. Within a week d'Arblay and his friend the comte de Narbonne were professing themselves ashamed of their nationality, while FB thought d'Arblay one...
Family and Intimate relationships Grace Elliott
GE 's relationship with the duc d'Orléans is known to her readers only from her account of him in the days when he had moved on to other women and was increasingly showing a sympathy...
Friends, Associates Ellis Cornelia Knight
Wherever they went the Knights always met, and always admired, members of the relevant royal family. On a visit to the Palace of Versailles during their time in Paris, they were able to see Louis XVI
Leisure and Society Anna Margaretta Larpent
On 17 April 1790 AML went to Mary Champion de Crespigny 's private theatre and saw a performance of Mariana Starke 's tragedy The British Orphans. She was at the theatre (a public one...
Literary Setting Catherine Gore
The title-page quotes Shakespeare 's Richard II about the deposing of a king. The novel opens with precision: at five o'clock on 22 June 1791, with aristocrats fearful for their fate in the aftermath of...
Material Conditions of Writing Anne Grant
After the guilloting of the French king Louis XVI , AG formulated an explicit statement of the political nature of female virtue, as she asserted the responsibility of (upper-class) women for the Revolution. I...
Material Conditions of Writing Elizabeth Inchbald
Every One Has His Fault, a comedy by EI , opened at Covent Garden , after being postponed for a week for fear of coinciding with the guillotining of Louis XVI of France .
The London Stage 1660-1800. Southern Illinois University Press, 1960–1968.
5: 1516-17
O’Quinn, Daniel. “Bread: The Eruption and Interruption of Politics in Elizabeth Inchbald’s <span data-tei-ns-tag="tei_title" data-tei-title-lvl=‘m’>Every One Has His Fault</span&gt”;. European Romantic Review, Vol.
, No. 2, pp. 149-57.
O'Quinn 149
politics Germaine de Staël
Habitués of her salon included Lafayette , Condorcet , Narbonne , Talleyrand , and Thomas Jefferson .
Kobak, Annette. “Mme de Staël and Fanny Burney”. The Burney Journal, Vol.
, pp. 12-35.
In the following months she conspired with others to attempt the escape from revolutionary hands of aristocratic...
politics Grace Elliott
She smuggled the duc d'Orléans to his house by giving her name instead of his to those who challenged them. She went home on foot, then, hearing that many thought the duc would lead a...
politics Eglinton Wallace
She was, she wrote later, ignorant enough to flatter myself, that I was most materially serving my country, by making these proposals. She found, however, that the ministers were confident they knew better;
Wallace, Eglinton. The Conduct of the King of Prussia and General Dumouriez. J. Debrett, 1793.
politics Ann Jebb
Her obituarist wrote that her zeal in the cause of civil and religious liberty was unabated by her husband's death.
Meadley, George William. “Memoir of Mrs. Jebb”. The Monthly Repository, Vol.
, pp. 597 - 604, 661.
In 1789 she deprecated the doctrine of hereditary right advanced by Charles James Fox
Publishing Anna Seward
The month after Louis XVI was guillotined, AS expressed her outrage at the developing Terror in France with an impassioned letter printed in the Gentleman's Magazine, urging her friend Helen Maria Williams to come home.
Ashmun, Margaret. The Singing Swan. Yale University Press; H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1931.


19 January 1771
French parlements , the sovereign court of Justice in Paris and thirteen other centres, were abolished by Louis XV .
10 May 1774
Louis XV of France, great-grandson and immediate successor of the Sun King , died of smallpox, and was succeeded by his grandson Louis XVI .
20 March 1778
Louis XVI of France received American commissioners Benjamin Franklin , Silas Deane , and Arthur Lee .
20 August 1786
Calonne , French Finance Minister, informed Louis XVI that the state was in financial crisis and submitted proposals for economic reforms to him.
27 December 1788
Louis XVI consented to public demands and overuled the Parlement of Paris to double the size of the Third Estate.
January 1789
In FranceEmmanuel Sieyès published an immensely influential pamphlet, whose title in English is What is the Third Estate?
5 May 1789
The Estates-General met at Versailles for the first time since 1614.
27 June 1789
Louis XVI ordered the First and Second Estates (nobility and clergy) to sit with the Third Estate in the French National Assembly.
11 July 1789
Louis XVI dismissed Necker from the post of Director of Finances and Minister of State.
5-6 October 1789
French market women marched on Versailles to demand that the king put an end to bread shortages and relocate to Paris, closer to his people.
20-25 June 1791
Louis XVI fled with Marie-Antoinette and their family, intending to leave France and raise a counter-revolution; they were captured at Varennes near Vichy, and brought back to Paris.
14 September 1791
Louis XVI accepted the new French constitution.
10 August 1792
The Palace of the Tuileries in Paris was invaded (for the second time), and Louis XVI was removed from his throne.
11 December 1792
Louis XVI went on trial before the National Convention in Paris.
21 January 1793
Louis XVI was executed by guillotine in Paris after trial by the French National Convention .


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