Frances Burney

Standard Name: Burney, Frances
Birth Name: Frances Burney
Nickname: Fanny
Nickname: The Old Lady
Married Name: Frances D'Arblay
Indexed Name: Madame D'Arblay
Pseudonym: A Sister of the Order
Used Form: the author of Evelina
Used Form: the author of Evelina and Cecilia
Used Form: the author of Evelina, Cecilia, and Camilla
FB , renowned as a novelist in her youth and middle age, outlived her high reputation; her fourth and last novel (published in 1814) was her least well received. Her diaries and letters, posthumously published, were greeted with renewed acclaim. During the late twentieth century the re-awakening of interest in her fiction and the rediscovery of her plays revealed her as a woman of letters to be reckoned with. Today her reputation in the academic world stands high, and productions of her plays are no longer isolated events.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Elizabeth Meeke
Her relations were horrified and repelled at her new role as a unchaste woman. Frances Burney felt an uncontrollable repugnance when convention required that they should kiss.
Macdonald, Simon. “Identifying Mrs Meeke: Another Burney Family Novelist”. Review of English Studies, Oxford University Press.
Her sister Maria found her penitence insincere, her...
Dedications Eliza Parsons
EP dedicated her gothic novel Anecdotes of Two Well-Known Families to the First Female Pen in England (possibly Frances Burney ), and claimed that the book was Written by a Descendant.
Karen Morton points...
Education Anne Marsh
She was not taught religion until she was five, and if her mother had not thought her a forward child she would have waited another year. It was a maxim of my Mother that children...
Education Mary Martha Sherwood
From a very early age, MMS remembered my mother teaching me to read with my brother, in a book where [there] was a picture of a white horse feeding by star-light.
Sherwood, Mary Martha, and Henry Sherwood. The Life of Mrs. Sherwood. Editor Kelly, Sophia, Darton.
From the age...
Family and Intimate relationships Selina Bunbury
SB greatly admired Frances Burney , who was a family connection by marriage—an unfortunate connection, in fact, since Molesworth Phillips , who married Frances's closest sister, Susan , and proved a cruel husband, was SB
Family and Intimate relationships Hester Lynch Piozzi
Gabriel Piozzi came into Hester Thrale's life as music teacher of her eldest daughter. Two days before Henry Thrale's death a friend told her warningly, that Man is in Love with you.
Clifford, James L. Hester Lynch Piozzi (Mrs Thrale). Clarendon Press.
Probably by...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Caroline Lamb
She apparently recruited her devils from the ranks of the theatre companies; the Morning Chronicle complained that there were too many of them.
Douglass, Paul. Lady Caroline Lamb. Palgrave Macmillan.
She may have been thinking of another referent besides Byron: the...
Family and Intimate relationships Sarah Harriet Burney
Her famous half-sister, the writer Frances Burney , was almost a generation her senior.
Family and Intimate relationships Violet Hunt
Violet's aunt, Margaret 's elder sister, Annie Raine Ellis , was the first to edit and publish, in 1889, Frances (Fanny) Burney 's Early Journals.
Belford, Barbara. Violet. Simon and Schuster.
She also wrote introductions and annotations for two of Burney's novels.
Solo: Search Oxford University Libraries Online.
Family and Intimate relationships Sophia Lee
Among strikingly various estimates of his acting ability, Frances Burney was his firm admirer.
Lee, Sophia. “Introduction”. The Recess, edited by April Alliston, University Press of Kentucky, p. ix - lii.
Family and Intimate relationships Jan Struther
In autumn 1939, within a month of publishing the book that was to make her famous, JS first met Adolf Placzek , or Dolf, a Jewish refugee from Vienna, thirteen years her junior (son...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Louisa Stuart
It gave LLS some trouble as a child that her grandmother was Lady Mary Wortley Montagu : I am sure I heartily hated her name. Whatever I wanted to learn, everybody was up in arms...
Family and Intimate relationships Elizabeth Meeke
This marriage gave little Elizabeth Allen four stepsisters: Esther , Frances , Susan , and Charlotte Ann Burney . She later acquired a half-sister, Sarah Harriet Burney .
Family and Intimate relationships Cassandra Cooke
Cassandra's cousin Jane Austen criticised the household management of Samuel Cooke (who was her godfather), judging him a disagreable, fidgetty master to his servants.
Blain, Virginia et al., editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford.
In his professional capacity he worried about competing with the Methodists
Friends, Associates Anna Williams
Williams enjoyed cordial relations with other members of Johnson's circle, like Elizabeth Carter (who helped with subscriptions for Williams's book when Johnson was dragging his feet) and Hester Thrale (who contributed). Carter counted her a...


1756 or 1757: Frances Greville, in Italy with her family...

Women writers item

1756 or 1757

Frances Greville , in Italy with her family some months after the death of her eldest son (aged around six), composed a poem which became a landmark text, the Ode to [or Prayer for] Indifference.

1780: James Harrison (hitherto chiefly known as...

Writing climate item


James Harrison (hitherto chiefly known as a music publisher) began to issue the handsomely-produced Novelists' Magazine, a weekly serial reprinting of canonical novels.

1782: George Romney painted a picture to illustrate...

Women writers item


George Romney painted a picture to illustrate (after the fact) William Hayley 'a Triumphs of Temper, 1781: Serena, reading Burney 's Evelina. The model was Honora Sneyd .

1784: Henry Fearon, surgeon, published A Treatise...

Building item


Henry Fearon , surgeon, published A Treatise on Cancers, with a New and Successful Method of Operating, Particularly in Cancers of the Breast and Testis.

By 22 July 1797: William Beckford published a second and more...

Women writers item

By 22 July 1797

William Beckford published a second and more marked burlesque attack on women's writing: Azemia: A Descriptive and Sentimental Novel. Interspersed with Pieces of Poetry.

1798: Richard Polwhele published The Unsex'd Females,...

Building item


Richard Polwhele published The Unsex'd Females, his notorious attack on Wollstonecraft and other active radicals.

27 March 1802: The Peace of Amiens ended the war which had...

National or international item

27 March 1802

The Peace of Amiens ended the war which had raged between England and France for nine years.

August 1813: The Critical Review published its first welcome...

Writing climate item

August 1813

The Critical Review published its first welcome to Eaton Stannard Barrett 's famous parody of sentimental novels, The Heroine, or Adventures of the Fair Romance Reader.

Early 1818: William Hazlitt opened On the Living Poets,...

Writing climate item

Early 1818

William Hazlitt opened On the Living Poets, the last of his Lectures on the English Poets, with a statement on gender issues.

9 December 1826: The Literary Gazette printed a Key to Marianne...

Women writers item

9 December 1826

The Literary Gazette printed a Key to Marianne Spencer Hudson 's silver-fork novel, Almack's (titled after the well-known elite gentlemen's club of the same name), which had already reached its second edition this year. The...

1835: Caroline Herschel and Mary Somerville were...

National or international item


Caroline Herschel and Mary Somerville were awarded honorary memberships by the Royal Astronomical Society .

17 June 1843: Julia Charlotte Maitland published, as a...

Women writers item

17 June 1843

Julia Charlotte Maitland published, as a Lady, her Letters fromMadras: during the years 1836-1839.

1864: Famous Girls who have become Illustrious...

Writing climate item


Famous Girls who have become Illustrious Women: Forming Models for Imitation by the Young Women of England, a very popular book of biographical sketches by John M. Darton , was published.

1866: The Royal Society of Arts established a scheme...

National or international item


The Royal Society of Arts established a scheme (believed to be the first in the world) for setting up commemorative plaques on buildings associated with famous people.
Quinn, Ben. “Plaque blues. Cuts hit heritage scheme”. Guardian Weekly, p. 16.

1872: US writer Susan Coolidge (Sarah Chauncy,...

Writing climate item


US writer Susan Coolidge (Sarah Chauncy, or Chauncey, Woolsey) published her highly popular and influential story for girls entitled What Katy Did.
American National Biography.


Burney, Frances. A Busy Day. Editor Wallace, Tara Ghoshal, Rutgers University Press, 1984.
Burney, Frances. A Known Scribbler: Frances Burney on Literary Life. Editor Crump, Justine, Broadview, 2002.
Burney, Frances. Brief Reflections Relative to the Emigrant French Clergy. T. Cadell, 1793.
Burney, Frances. Camilla. T. Payne, T. Cadell, Jun., and W. Davies, 1796.
Burney, Frances. Camilla. Editors Bloom, Edward A. and Lillian D. Bloom, Oxford University Press, 1972.
Burney, Frances. Cecilia. T. Payne and Son, and T. Cadell, 1782.
Burney, Frances. Cecilia. Editors Sabor, Peter and Margaret Anne Doody, Oxford University Press, 1999.
Burney, Frances. Diary and Letters of Madame d’’Arblay. Editor Barrett, Charlotte, H. Colburn, 1846.
Burney, Frances. Diary and Letters of Madame d’Arblay. Editors Barrett, Charlotte and Austin Dobson, Macmillan, 1905.
Burney, Frances. Evelina. T. Lowndes, 1778.
Burney, Frances. “Introduction and front matter”. Journals and Letters, edited by Peter Sabor and Lars E. Troide, Penguin, 2001, p. vii - xxviii.
Burney, Frances. Journals and Letters. Editors Sabor, Peter and Lars E. Troide, Penguin, 2001.
Burney, Frances. Memoirs of Doctor Burney. Edward Moxon, 1832.
Burney, Frances. The Complete Plays of Frances Burney. Editor Sabor, Peter, William Pickering, 1995.
Burney, Frances. The Early Diary of Frances Burney, 1768-1778. Editor Ellis, Annie Raine, G. Bell, 1889.
Burney, Frances. The Early Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney. Editors Troide, Lars E. et al., McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.
Burney, Frances. The Early Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney. Editors Troide, Lars E. et al., Clarendon Press, 2002.
Burney, Frances. The Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney (Madame D’Arblay). Editors Hemlow, Joyce and Althea Douglas, Clarendon Press, 1984.
Burney, Frances. The Wanderer. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1814.