Vernon Lee

Standard Name: Lee, Vernon
Birth Name: Violet Paget
Pseudonym: Vernon Lee
VL 's writing career spanned more than five decades during the later the nineteenth century and the earlier twentieth. She wrote critical monographs, essays, and reviews (on aesthetics, politics, and history), as well as short stories, novels, and drama. Much of her work is currently out of print. However two books published in 2003 mark a renewed interest in Lee's life's work: Vernon Lee: A Literary Biography by Vineta Colby , and Vernon Lee: Aesthetics, History, and the Victorian Female Intellectual by Christa Zorn .
Head-and-shoulders portrait sketch of Vernon Lee by John Singer Sargent, done in a single three-hour sitting, 1881. Her hair is short and dark; she wears a black sweater over a white shirt, and wire-rimmed spectacles. Tate Gallery.
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Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Mathilde Blind
Nothing is known of MB 's sexuality, but the homosociality of some of her love poetry and her connection to Vernon Lee 's circle is suggestive.
Dedications A. Mary F. Robinson
AMFR published a book of criticism on French literature, The French Procession, A Pageant of Great Writers, with a dedication to Vernon Lee .
“Dictionary of Literary Biography online”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Center-LRC.
Dedications A. Mary F. Robinson
Several of these poems are addressed to her friend Vernon Lee .
Leighton, Angela, and Margaret Reynolds, editors. Victorian Women Poets: An Anthology. Blackwell, 1995.
Family and Intimate relationships A. Mary F. Robinson
AMFR married James Darmesteter after a brief courtship; it was said that she had proposed to him, in August 1887, shortly after their first meeting at the British Museum .
Sources disagree on the date...
Family and Intimate relationships A. Mary F. Robinson
AMFR had met the poet Vernon Lee by 1878 (a little earlier than is often supposed), the year she turned twenty-one, since her first publication includes poems addressed to Lee. They became close friends and...
Family and Intimate relationships Amy Levy
AL addressed letters and love-poems to the writer Vernon Lee , whom she had met that spring in Florence, and for whom she cherished an unrequited love.
Beckman, Linda Hunt. Amy Levy: Her Life and Letters. Ohio University Press, 2000.
254-5, 119-21
Family and Intimate relationships A. Mary F. Robinson
By 22 July 1882 AMFR and Vernon Lee were staying for a holiday at a rented cottage in Sussex.
Zorn, Christa. Vernon Lee: Aesthetics, History, and the Victorian Female Intellectual. Ohio University Press, 2003.
Reportedly, Lee whisked her friend away from London because she felt that the literary...
Family and Intimate relationships Mathilde Blind
MB also had a half-brother from her mother's second marriage, Rudolph Blind , who was an artist. Vernon Lee pronounced him an awful little snob.
Demoor, Marysa. “Women Poets as Critics in the Athenæum: Ungendered Anonymity Unmasked”. Nineteenth-Century Prose, No. 1, pp. 51 -71.
53, 69n11
Friends, Associates F. Mabel Robinson
FMR shared to the full the social involvement of her family with entertaining leading figures in London cultural life: such men as John Singer Sargent , Robert Browning , William Morris , and Oscar Wilde
Friends, Associates Jessie Ellen Cadell
JEC 's friends in London included the scholar Richard Garnett (superintendent of the British Museum reading room and future father-in-law of another translator, Constance Garnett ). They met in 1877 or 1878, and Richard Garnett...
Friends, Associates Sarah Orne Jewett
SOJ had a broad social circle. She belonged to an artistic community of women that included Celia Thaxter and Louise Guiney , and counted Harriet Beecher Stowe (whose funeral she and Annie Fields attended in...
Friends, Associates A. Mary F. Robinson
AMFR and Vernon Lee attended a tea-party at John Singer Sargent 's London studio.
Colby, Vineta. Vernon Lee: A Literary Biography. University of Virginia Press, 2003.
Friends, Associates Gladys Henrietta Schütze
GHS also knew and loved the greatOlive Schreiner .
Schütze, Gladys Henrietta. More Ha’pence Than Kicks. Jarrolds.
Vernon Lee , she said, was primarily a friend of her scientist husband; they both stayed with her several times. Schütze pondered the paradox...
Friends, Associates Ellen Mary Clerke
EMC 's friends included Vernon Lee and Agnes Mary Frances Robinson .
Blain, Virginia, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford, 1990.
Friends, Associates Mary Kingsley
In CambridgeMK developed close female friendships for the first time. The women included Hatty Johnson , Clara Skeat , and Agnes Smith Lewis . Lucy Toulmin Smith , first female head of a public...


Thomas Bird Mosher of Portland, Maine, began publishing The Bibelot. A Reprint of Poetry & Prose for Book Lovers, a monthly series later collected as an annual volume, of exquisitely produced editions in tiny press-runs.
5 March 1946
Winston Churchill made a famous speech in Fulton, Missouri, in which he described an iron curtain coming down across Europe, dividing the east from the west.