Vernon Lee

Standard Name: Lee, Vernon
Birth Name: Violet Paget
Pseudonym: Vernon Lee
VL 's writing career spanned more than five decades during the later the nineteenth century and the earlier twentieth. She wrote critical monographs, essays, and reviews (on aesthetics, politics, and history), as well as short stories, novels, and drama. Much of her work is currently out of print. However two books published in 2003 mark a renewed interest in Lee's life's work: Vernon Lee: A Literary Biography by Vineta Colby , and Vernon Lee: Aesthetics, History, and the Victorian Female Intellectual by Christa Zorn .


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Mathilde Blind
Nothing is known of MB 's sexuality, but the homosociality of some of her love poetry and her connection to Vernon Lee 's circle is suggestive.
Dedications A. Mary F. Robinson
Several of these poems are addressed to her friend Vernon Lee .
Leighton, Angela, and Margaret Reynolds, editors. Victorian Women Poets: An Anthology. Blackwell.
Dedications A. Mary F. Robinson
AMFR published a book of criticism on French literature, The French Procession, A Pageant of Great Writers, with a dedication to Vernon Lee .
“Dictionary of Literary Biography online”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Center-LRC.
Family and Intimate relationships Mathilde Blind
MB also had a half-brother from her mother's second marriage, Rudolph Blind , who was an artist. Vernon Lee pronounced him an awful little snob.
Demoor, Marysa. “Women Poets as Critics in the <span data-tei-ns-tag="tei_title" data-tei-title-lvl=‘j’>Athenæum</span>: Ungendered Anonymity Unmasked”. Nineteenth-Century Prose, Vol.
, No. 1, pp. 51-71.
53, 69n11
Family and Intimate relationships A. Mary F. Robinson
AMFR married James Darmesteter after a brief courtship; it was said that she had proposed to him, in August 1887, shortly after their first meeting at the British Museum .
Sources disagree on the date...
Family and Intimate relationships A. Mary F. Robinson
AMFR had met the poet Vernon Lee by 1878 (a little earlier than is often supposed), the year she turned twenty-one, since her first publication includes poems addressed to Lee. They became close friends and...
Family and Intimate relationships Amy Levy
AL addressed letters and love-poems to the writer Vernon Lee , whom she had met that spring in Florence, and for whom she cherished an unrequited love.
Beckman, Linda Hunt. Amy Levy: Her Life and Letters. Ohio University Press.
254-5, 119-21
Family and Intimate relationships A. Mary F. Robinson
By 22 July 1882 AMFR and Vernon Lee were staying for a holiday at a rented cottage in Sussex.
Zorn, Christa. Vernon Lee: Aesthetics, History, and the Victorian Female Intellectual. Ohio University Press.
Reportedly, Lee whisked her friend away from London because she felt that the literary...
Friends, Associates Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Her travels enabled her to meet [w]omen from all over the world, fine women, thoughtful progressive women!
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. The Living of Charlotte Perkins Gilman. An Autobiography. Editor Lane, Ann J., University of Wisconsin Press.
They included Jane Addams , Mona Caird , Marie Stritt (who translated Women and Economics into German),...
Friends, Associates A. Mary F. Robinson
Vernon Lee , likely in love with AMFR herself, suffered a breakdown when her friend's engagement to Darmesteter was announced, and after this she never fully regained her health. The two friends, however, remained in...
Friends, Associates Susan Tweedsmuir
ST 's parents made connections through friendship as remarkable as those made for them by family descent. Her mother was a friend of many writers and intellectuals of both sexes, including Marie Belloc Lowndes ,...
Friends, Associates Elizabeth von Arnim
New friendships that EA pursued during her breakup with Wells included those with Vernon Lee , Augustine Birrell , Stanley Owen Buckmaster , and Thomas and Annie Cobden-Sanderson .
Friends, Associates Linda Villari
LV and her husband were both friends of Vernon Lee , accepting her hospitality and moving in the same circles.
Gunn, Peter. Vernon Lee: Violet Paget, 1856-1935. Oxford University Press.
Lee corresponded with LV from the late 1870s to the early 1880s and discussed...
Friends, Associates Mary Agnes Hamilton
The day after war was declared, MAH was taken to meet Vernon Lee , a writer she much admired, who was then staying at the London home (44 Bedford Square) of Lady Ottoline and Philip Morrell .
Hamilton, Mary Agnes. Remembering My Good Friends. Jonathan Cape.
Friends, Associates Emilie Barrington
EB was criticised by some in her own day and has been further criticised for pursuing famous people in a lion-hunting spirit. Vernon Lee called her a sort of King Charles dog of the neighbouring...


1895: Thomas Bird Mosher of Portland, Maine, began...

Writing climate item


Thomas Bird Mosher of Portland, Maine, began publishing The Bibelot. A Reprint of Poetry & Prose for Book Lovers, a monthly series later collected as an annual volume, of exquisitely produced editions in tiny press-runs.

5 March 1946: Winston Churchill made a famous speech in...

National or international item

5 March 1946

Winston Churchill made a famous speech in Fulton, Missouri, in which he described an iron curtain coming down across Europe, dividing the east from the west.


Lee, Vernon. “A Culture-Ghost”. Fraser’s Magazine, Vol.
, No. 23, pp. 1-29.
Lee, Vernon. Althea. Osgood and McIlvaine, 1894.
Lee, Vernon. Baldwin. T. Fisher Unwin, 1886.
Lee, Vernon, and Clementina Anstruther-Thomson. Beauty and Ugliness. John Lane, 1912.
Lee, Vernon. Belcaro. W. Satchell, 1881.
Lee, Vernon. Euphorion. T. Fisher Unwin, 1884.
Lee, Vernon. Gospels of Anarchy. T. Fisher Unwin, 1908.
Lee, Vernon. Juvenilia. T. Fisher Unwin, 1887.
Lee, Vernon. “Les aventures d’une pièce de monnaie”. La Famille, No. 10; 12; 14.
Lee, Vernon. Miss Brown. Blackwood and Sons, 1884.
Lee, Vernon. Music and its Lovers. Editor Willis, Irene Cooper, G. Allen and Unwin, 1932.
Lee, Vernon. Ottilie. T. Fisher Unwin, 1883.
Lee, Vernon. Peace with Honour. Union of Democratic Control, 1915.
Lee, Vernon. “Prince Alberic and the Snake Lady”. The Yellow Book, Vol.
, pp. 289-44.
Lee, Vernon. Proteus. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner; E. P. Dutton, 1925.
Lee, Vernon. Renaissance Fancies and Studies. Smith, Elder, 1895.
Lee, Vernon. Satan the Waster. John Lane, 1920.
Lee, Vernon. Studies of the Eighteenth Century in Italy. W. Satchell, 1880.
Lee, Vernon, and Maxwell Armfield. The Ballet of the Nations. Chatto and Windus, 1915.
Lee, Vernon. The Countess of Albany. W. H. Allen, 1884.
Lee, Vernon. The Handling of Words. John Lane, 1923.
Lee, Vernon. The Poet’s Eye. Hogarth Press, 1926.
Birch, Sarah. The Prince of the Hundred Soups. Editor Lee, Vernon, T. Fisher Unwin, 1883.
Lee, Vernon. The Psychology of an Art Writer. David Zwimmer Books, 2018.
Lee, Vernon. “Tuscan Peasant Plays”. Fraser’s Magazine, Vol.
, No. 15, pp. 224-34.