King Charles I

Standard Name: Charles I, King
Used Form: King Charles the First

Connections

Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Lady Eleanor Douglas
Her vision was announced by the voice of the biblical prophet Daniel (whom she had been studying). This was during the first year and first parliament of Charles I 's reign. She found seven more...
Cultural formation Hester Biddle
Brought up an Anglican , she was initially disturbed at the King 's execution. In the bloody City of London she lived like the prodigal son after his riotous period had ended, feeding ....
Cultural formation Elizabeth Delaval
ED possessed an impressive royalist pedigree, Scottish on her father's side, English on her mother's She was born into the nobility, during the final stages of the English Civil War which temporarily deprived this group...
Education Mary Cary
Her works show clearly that she was not without education (which would have taken place as Charles I was becoming bitterly unpopular with nonconformist elements in society). Nevertheless, once into a propaganda career she was...
Employer Bathsua Makin
BM was tutress (that is, a female tutor, not a mere governess) to Princess Elizabeth , youngest daughter of Charles I .
Brink, Jeanie R. “Bathsua Reginald Makin: ’Most Learned Matron’”. Huntington Library Quarterly, pp. 313 - 26.
318
Teague, Frances. Bathsua Makin, Woman of Learning. Bucknell University Press, 1998.
58-9, 77
Family and Intimate relationships Anne Halkett
AH 's father, Thomas Murray , Provost of Eton and Preceptor to the future Charles I , died in April 1623, when she was three months old.
Halkett, Anne, and Ann, Lady Fanshawe. “Note on the Text; A Chronology of Anne, Lady Halkett”. The Memoirs of Anne, Lady Halkett and Ann, Lady Fanshawe, edited by John Loftis, Clarendon Press, 1979, pp. 3 - 7.
5
Halkett, Anne, Anne Halkett, and Ann, Lady Fanshawe. “The Memoirs of Anne, Lady Halkett”. The Memoirs of Anne, Lady Halkett, and Ann, Lady Fanshawe, edited by John Loftis and John Loftis, Clarendon Press, 1979, pp. 9 - 87.
9
Family and Intimate relationships Anne Halkett
Their wedding, if it occurred, must have come between the execution of Charles I and the last illness of Anne's brother Will. After this, Loftis believes, Bampfield heard that his wife was after all still...
Family and Intimate relationships Damaris Masham
Her mother, born Damaris Cradock, was a widow with several children from her first marriage (three sons and a daughter—who was also, confusingly, called Damaris) when she married DM 's father. From her second marriage...
Family and Intimate relationships Lucy Hutchinson
In the Civil War John Hutchinson (commissioned a colonel in January 1643) became commander of the parliamentary forces in Nottinghamshire, and of the stronghold of Nottingham Castle. In 1646 he became Member of...
Family and Intimate relationships Dorothy Sidney, Countess of Sunderland
DSCS 's father, Sir Robert Sidney, later second Earl of Leicester , was born on 1 December 1595,
Ady, Julia Cartwright. Sacharissa. Seeley, 1901.
10
and became the Earl of Leicester on his father's death in 1626.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Blencowe, Robert, editor. Sydney Papers. J. Murray, 1825.
xv
During his...
Family and Intimate relationships Lady Anne Clifford
LAC married her second husband, Lady Pembroke 's second son, Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery , Lord Chamberlain to Charles I .
Spence, Richard T. Lady Anne Clifford, Countess of Dorset, Pembroke and Montgomery. Sutton Publishing, 1997.
91, 93-4
Family and Intimate relationships Dorothy Sidney, Countess of Sunderland
During the English Civil War, DSCS had close relatives on both sides of the conflict. Her husband supported the royalist cause, fought, and ultimately died for it. He also gave Charles I a loan...
Family and Intimate relationships Helen Blackburn
Another ancestor on her mother's side was Thomas Coventry (1578-1640), Lord Keeper, who was Chancellor during the reign of Charles I . He got into his possession the shirt worn by the monarch at his...
Family and Intimate relationships Alice Sutcliffe
Among his successive positions at court, John Sutcliffe was squire to James I . He described himself (or perhaps an older namesake) in 1627 as an ancient servant of the Duke of Buckingham , husband...
Family and Intimate relationships Elizabeth Delaval
Her mother, Lady Livingston (born Lady Catherine Howard , eldest among the large family of the second Earl of Suffolk), had made a clandestine marriage with George Stuart, Seigneur D'Aubigny , who was killed in...

Timeline

27 March 1625
James I (James VI of Scotland) died, and his son Charles I assumed the throne.
7 June 1628
Charles I backed down and accepted the Petition of Right, a statement of the subject's rights and freedoms drawn up by the elderly jurist Sir Edward Coke .
23 August 1628
Charles I 's favourite George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (whose daughter Lady Mary, later Duchess of Richmond, is widely identified as the poet Ephelia ), was assassinated at Portsmouth.
Autumn1629
When parliament (which Charles I had prorogued on 26 June) re-assembled, he dissolved it for what he intended to be the last time, having decided to rule without it.
By 15 July 1632
The painter Sir Anthony Van Dyck had spent long enough during his second visit to England to be requesting payment for a completed portrait of Charles I and Henrietta Maria (known to her husband and...
1634
Charles I granted a warrant to Sir Saunders Duncombe to construct and hire out sedan chairs in London and Westminster.
July 1634
William Cavendish, Earl (later Duke) of Newcastle , gave a masque at one of his Nottinghamshire estates for Queen Henrietta Maria : Love's Welcome at Bolsover.
1636
Charles I set up the New Incorporation of Westminster, giving autonomy and status to the court suburb of Westminster to balance that of the City Corporation (of London).
23 July 1637
The AnglicanBook of Common Prayer was used for the first time, according to Charles I 's order, at St Giles's Church in Edinburgh, the centre of the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church.
28 February 1638
At Greyfriars Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotsmen opposed to Charles I 's imposition of the AnglicanBook of Common Prayer on the Scottish (Presbyterian ) Church signed a National Covenant against such innovations: in...
12 June 1638
By the thinnest margin of 7-5, the Court of the Exchequer ruled in favour of King Charles I and against John Hampden on the latter's defiant refusal to pay ship-money, establishing one of the most...
December 1638
The Glasgow Assembly , a newly formed, radical body representing the Scottish Kirk (some weeks after a first meeting in the cathedral at Glasgow) formally condemned Charles I 's Scottish Prayer Book.
27 March-June 1639
Charles I made war on the ScottishCovenanters , or adherents of Presbyterianism .
20 August 1640
The Scots (provoked by Charles I 's imposition of the AnglicanBook of Common Prayer on the Scottish Presbyterian Church in 1637) invaded England, and for the second time in eighteen months their monarch marched against them.
3 November 1640
The Long Parliament was reluctantly convened in London by Charles I : it included a majority of Puritans, and set about reforms such as abolishing the Court of the Star Chamber , which, among other...