Elizabeth Fry

Standard Name: Fry, Elizabeth
Used Form: Elizabeth Gurney Fry


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Characters Josephine Tey
Several are based on historical or biblical material. The title play, named after a district of Edinburgh, features the actual Duncan Forbes , a local Whig who was remembered for showing compassion and clemency to...
Cultural formation Rose Macaulay
RM notes that after her forebears left Scotland for England, male family members became mostly Anglican parsons until her father's generation.
Emery, Jane. Rose Macaulay: A Writer’s Life. John Murray.
Daughters were educated as well as sons, and famous women in the family...
Cultural formation Amelia Opie
It may be significant that this was just two months before her father's death, though her friendship with the Gurney family was also important in her decision to convert. For more than a year she...
Education Penelope Shuttle
Some sources say that PS attended a secondary modern school in Staines (that is one with non-academic aims and expectations). But attendance at a private school is strongly implied by her poem about a girls'...
Family and Intimate relationships Noel Streatfeild
The prison reformer Elizabeth Fry was NS 's great-great-grandmother.
Blain, Virginia et al., editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford.
Family and Intimate relationships Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck
Springing from a distinguished Quaker family, MAS had a large circle of cousins who made a name for themselves in one way or another. Her cousins included the writer Priscilla Wakefield , and the sisters...
Friends, Associates Mary Howitt
In Nottingham MH met L. E. L. and perhaps Elizabeth Fry . She was visited by Mary and Dora Wordsworth (wife and daughter of the poet), and later she and her husband stayed with the...
Friends, Associates Hannah Kilham
As a Quaker she met William Allen , president of the African Association , who interested her in the welfare of the black colony at Sierra Leone. She was also a friend of James Montgomery
Friends, Associates Hannah More
Among her nineteenth-century visitors were Samuel Taylor Coleridge (brought by Joseph Cottle the Bristol bookseller),
Cottle, Joseph. Reminiscences of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Robert Southey. Houlston and Stoneman.
Algernon Knox (a precursor of late Victorian High Churchmanship), Anna Letitia Barbauld , Elizabeth Fry , and a goodly...
Friends, Associates Mary Martha Sherwood
Meeting the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry , MMS discussed with her the danger of celebrity, for females especially, and their respective temptations.
Sherwood, Mary Martha, and Henry Sherwood. The Life of Mrs. Sherwood. Editor Kelly, Sophia, Darton.
She also enjoyed a meeting with William Wilberforce , and later another...
Friends, Associates Maria Edgeworth
Among her many social engagements, she attended a house-party at the home of Whig MP and agriculturalist Sir John Sebright , whose guests included Dr Wollaston and the science-writers Jane Marcet and Mary Somerville ...
Friends, Associates Sarah Stickney Ellis
Among her few writing friends were Mary Howitt and her relations by marriage Mary and Anna Sewell . She greatly admired without personally knowing Elizabeth Fry , and felt a personal connection to Charlotte Brontë
Friends, Associates Amelia Opie
AO 's friendship with Anne and Annabella Plumptre (daughters of Robert Plumptre , Prebend of Norwich, both of whom grew up to be writers) dated from their shared childhood.
Plumptre, Anne. “Introduction”. Something New, edited by Deborah McLeod, Broadview, p. vii - xxix.
xxvi, ix-x
Her friendship with the...
Friends, Associates Eliza Fletcher
Hamilton, herself a conservative, set about de-demonizing EF 's political reputation. She had good success in persuading her friends that Mrs Fletcher was not the ferocious Democrat she had been represented, and that she neither...
Friends, Associates Mary Harcourt
MH became a friend and correspondent of Frances Burney , and also of the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry , to whom she wrote in early 1819
This letter is dated 1818 in the Memoir of...


1813: Elizabeth Gurney Fry first visited Newgate...

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Elizabeth Gurney Fry first visited Newgate Prison in London; horrified at conditions there, she began providing food and education for female and child prisoners, and agitated for prison reform.

1821: Elizabeth Fry founded the British Society...

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Elizabeth Fry founded the British Society of Ladies for Promoting the Reformation of Female Prisoners.

1840: The Society of Protestant Sisters of Charity...

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The Society of Protestant Sisters of Charity (Nursing Sisters) was founded as a secular nursing order in London, inspired by Quaker Elizabeth Gurney Fry .

April 1847: Two of Elizabeth Fry's daughters, Katherine...

Women writers item

April 1847

Two of Elizabeth Fry 's daughters, Katherine Fry and R. E. Cresswell , completed their account of the activist's life in the two-volume Memoir of the Life of Elizabeth Fry ; with Extracts from Her Journals and Letters.

By 18 August 1888: Lucy Walford published Four Biographies from...

Women writers item

By 18 August 1888

Lucy Walford published Four Biographies from Blackwood's.

19 July 1904: King Edward VII laid the foundation stone...

Building item

19 July 1904

King Edward VII laid the foundation stone for Liverpool Cathedral, built to the designs of Sir Giles Gilbert Scott .


Opie, Amelia. Letter to Elizabeth Fry.
Fry, Elizabeth. Memoir of the Life of Elizabeth Fry. Editors Fry, Katharine and Rachel Elizabeth Cresswell, Henry Longstreth, 1847.