Standard Name: Philips, Katherine
Birth Name: Katherine Fowler
Married Name: Katherine Philips
Pseudonym: The Incomparable Mrs K. P.
KP , who wrote during the mid seventeenth century, may herself have valued her public more highly than her private ones. But she won lasting importance as a poet of passionate female friendship and as realising new possibilites in translation and drama. She was an acceptable role-model and an active inspiration and enabler for women writers of several generations, before her rediscovery in the twentieth century as an inspiration for women loving women.
|Connections Sort descending||Author name||Excerpt|
|Education||Sarah, Lady Cowper||
Nothing is known of SLC 's education, but it must have been both religious and relatively advanced, to account for her wide and intellectually intense reading as an adult in history, philosophy, and theology.
Kugler, Anne. Errant Plagiary: The Life and Writing of Lady Sarah Cowper, 1644-1720. Stanford University Press, 2002.
|Family and Intimate relationships||Anne Wharton||
AW 's father, Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley Park, about four miles from Woodstock, Oxfordshire, died of smallpox before she was born. His family had connections with Elizabeth Cary (Lady Falkland) , Lucy Hutchinson , and Katherine Philips .
Wharton, Anne. “Introduction”. The Surviving Works of Anne Wharton, edited by Germaine Greer and Selina Hastings, Stump Cross Books, 1997, pp. 1 - 124.
|Friends, Associates||Lady Rachel Russell||
The family had various links with Katherine Philips , and the famous preacher Jeremy Taylor was chaplain at Golden Grove.
|Friends, Associates||Elizabeth Thomas||
She was a...
Mills, Rebecca. "Thanks for that Elegant Defense": Polemical Prose and Poetry by Women in the Early Eighteenth Century. Oxford University, 2000.
|Friends, Associates||Dorothy Osborne||
DO 's sister-in-law Martha, Lady Giffard , a historical writer and an early widow, lived permanently with the family. Sir William Temple employed the young Jonathan Swift from 1689. DO was a friend and correspondent...
|Intertextuality and Influence||Sarah, Lady Cowper||
SLC 's range of reference is apparently huge: to trace through these volumes the influences on her thinking would take long-term, focussed scholarly endeavour. She transcribed a couplet and elsewhere a complete poem by Mrs...
|Intertextuality and Influence||Delarivier Manley||
The Lost Lover is remembered for its satirised learned lady, Orinda (whose role, however, is slight). This Orinda has been interpreted (probably wrongly) as a portrait of Katherine Philips , who had been famous under...
|Intertextuality and Influence||Elizabeth Singer Rowe||
Rowe's early letters to Mrs Thynne, full of gossippy entertainment and anecdotal brilliance,
also take pains to create an ideal of female friendship, enforced with quotations from the poetry of Katherine Philips ....
Bigold, Melanie. “Elizabeth Rowe’s Fictional and Familiar Letters: Exemplarity, Enthusiasm, and the Production of Posthumous Meaning”. Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies, No. 1, pp. 1 - 14.
|Intertextuality and Influence||Sappho||
Sappho 's name was an honorific for women writers for generations. George Puttenham may have been the first to use it to compliment a writing woman: in Parthienades, 1579, he said that Queen Elizabeth
|Intertextuality and Influence||Ariadne||
Ariadne says she is a young lady, who has had an Inclination . . . for Scribling from my Childhood.
Her preface invokes both Behn and Philips . The play was published in 1696. In...
Blain, Virginia, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford, 1990.
|Intertextuality and Influence||Elizabeth Elstob||
Begun in order to help the work of a female student, this work reiterates more strongly EE 's plea for opening the arena of scholarship to women. For examples of poetic practice she turns to...
|Intertextuality and Influence||Anna Letitia Barbauld||
ALB 's first hymn presents the world, as God creates and adorns it and pronounces it good, as a female body.
She is also alert to female precedents. Her Verses on Mrs Rowe recall...
Duquette, Natasha Aleksiuk. Veiled Intent: Dissenting Women’s Approach to Biblical Interpretation. Pickwick Publications, 2016.
|Intertextuality and Influence||Mary Mollineux||
MM situates her letter, like other early ones to Frances, in the context of her desire for her cousin's Temporal and Eternal Welfare, that is, her conversion to the Society of Friends . This...
|Intertextuality and Influence||Lady Mary Wortley Montagu||
They include a novel in five letters (Indamora to Lindamira), a verse-and-prose romance (The Adventurer), and poems in various pastoral and classical modes—epistles, lyrics, etc. The novel gives a voice to...
|Intertextuality and Influence||Elizabeth Thomas||
As a child
Curll, Edmund, Elizabeth Thomas, and Richard Gwinnett. “The Life of Corinna. Written by Herself”. Pylades and Corinna, 1731, p. iv - lxxx.
The Life of Corinna, purporting to be written by a female friend, which prefaces the first volume of...
Pierre Corneille published his classical tragedyHorace, which had been first performed the previous year.
3 September 1651
Royalist hopes of a military victory were finally crushed by defeat at the battle of Worcester; the future Charles II became a fugitive.
Abraham Cowley published Poems; this volume, which included his Pindaric Odes and Miscellanies, confirmed his stature as the leading poet of the day.
Robert Gould published another misogynist satire, A Satyrical Epistle to the Female Author of a Poem Called Sylvia's Revenge.
John Evelyn included in his Numismata. A Discourse of Medals, Ancient and Modern a list of women famed for writing: Margaret Cavendish , Katherine Philips , Aphra Behn , Bathsua Makin , and Mary Astell .
By May 1754
John Duncombe published The Feminiad. A Poem, which celebrates the achievements of women writers with strict attention to their support for conventional morality.