Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Connections

Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Education Elizabeth Siddal
ES was trained in dressmaking and later studied painting informally, in her connection with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood , from such artists as Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Ford Madox Brown .
Marsh, Jan, and Pamela Gerrish Nunn. Women Artists and the Pre-Raphaelite Movement. Virago, 1989.
65, 66
She had no...
Family and Intimate relationships Violet Hunt
VH 's father, Alfred William Hunt , was born in Liverpool on 15 November 1830. He associated with (though he was not a formal member of) the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood . In 1932 VH called herself...
Family and Intimate relationships William Morris
On 26 April 1859, WM married Jane Burden , a Pre-Raphaelite muse who had posed both for him and for Dante Gabriel Rossetti . In 1861 and 1862, Jane gave birth to two daughters.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Family and Intimate relationships Christina Rossetti
CR became engaged to marry James Collinson , an artist and member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood .
Battiscombe, Georgina. Christina Rossetti: A Divided Life. Constable, 1981.
47-8
Smulders, Sharon. Christina Rossetti Revisited. Twayne, 1996.
xi
Marsh, Jan. Christina Rossetti: A Writer’s Life. Viking, 1995.
89
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Gaskell
The artistic pursuits of EG 's daughter Meta produced friendships with John Ruskin and with Pre-RaphaelitesWilliam Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti .
Uglow, Jennifer S. Elizabeth Gaskell: A Habit of Stories. Faber and Faber, 1993.
455
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Siddal
ES had met some female associates of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood : artists Anna Mary Howitt (daughter of Mary Howitt ) and Barbara Leigh Smith (later Bodichon), as well as Bessie Rayner Parkes .
Friends, Associates Algernon Charles Swinburne
After leaving Eton , he met Lady Pauline and Walter Trevelyan , who became longtime friends and supporters. At Oxford he was first introduced to the Pre-Raphaelites , and he forged friendships with Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Friends, Associates Mathilde Blind
One of her travelling companions (and a close friend) was the New Woman novelist Mona Caird (famous for her declaration calling the institution of marriage a vexatious failure in the Westminster Review in 1888).
Thesing, William B., editor. Dictionary of Literary Biography 199. Gale Research, 1999.
38
Friends, Associates Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon
In spring 1854 Barbara Leigh Smith took care of Elizabeth Siddal , Dante Gabriel Rossetti 's ailing fiancé and model, at her house near Hastings. Her ties to the Pre-Raphaelite circle later weakened, but...
Intertextuality and Influence Mary Elizabeth Coleridge
Hunt asked her to produce the book for the Masterpieces in Colour series. It was posthumously published in 1908.
British Library Catalogue.
It reflects MEC 's life-long passion for art and for the Pre-Raphaelites .
Coleridge, Mary Elizabeth. “Memoir and Editorial Materials”. Gathered Leaves from the Prose of Mary E. Coleridge, edited by Edith Sichel, Constable, 1910, pp. 1 - 44; various pages.
14
Intertextuality and Influence Jane Francesca, Lady Wilde
Elgee's translation gained this novel a wider audience. In later years Dante Gabriel Rossetti developed a positive passion for it, and it became very popular with the Pre-Raphaelites .
Murray, Isobel. “Sidonia the Sorceress: Pre-Raphaelite Cult Book”. Durham University Journal, No. 1, pp. 53 - 7.
53
Edward Burne-Jones produced watercolours of...
Leisure and Society Iza Duffus Hardy
IDH may have had an interest in Pre-Raphaelite art, since in 1872 she composed a letter in support of renowned painter Ford Madox Brown 's nomination to a professorship at Cambridge .
OCLC WorldCat.
Literary responses Eliza Meteyard
The Athenæum complained that her self-described Pre-Raphaelite style was weak and overworn,
Athenæum. J. Lection.
1524 (1857): 49
and again counselled that without writing moresimpy she would hardly produce a tale of which the success will bear any...
Literary responses Robert Browning
It was initially ridiculed by critics for its apparent obscurity. RB 's biographer Donald Thomas calls it one of the greatest literary disasters in the history of English poetry
Thomas, Donald. Robert Browning: A Life Within Life. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982.
75
on account of its unexpectedly...
Material Conditions of Writing Mary Elizabeth Coleridge
Shortly before her death, MEC finished her work on an illustrated life of the still-living Pre-Raphaelite artist Holman Hunt.
Stanford, Donald E., editor. Dictionary of Literary Biography 19. Gale Research, 1983.
77

Timeline

Autumn1848
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in rebellion against the constraints and techniques of art as practised by the Royal Academy .
Spring1849
Dante Gabriel Rossetti 's painting The Girlhood of Mary Virgin (featuring Christina Rossetti as its model) appearing at the Free Exhibition at Hyde Park Gallery , was the first to display the initials of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood .
7 May 1849
The Royal Academy exhibition (held on the first Monday in May) featured the first Pre-Raphaelite works by William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais .
1850
The Royal Academy unleashed the full weight of its criticism against the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood .
Before May 1851
The Royal Academy accepted several Pre-Raphaelite works for its annual exhibition (which opened on 5 May), despite the volley of criticism which had followed the Brotherhood's previous public displays.
13 May 1851
John Ruskin published a letter in The Times lauding the works of the Pre-Raphaelites .
1853
The formal association of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was dissolved; however, the movement persisted in various forms until the end of the century.
1 October-15 December 1856
Gustave Flaubert serially published his first novel, Madame Bovary, in the Revue de Paris.