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Members of the female auxiliary were allowed to attend Bible Society public meetings.
31 December 1865
Fredrika Bremer , author and activist for women's rights, died in Årsta, Sweden.
Late October 1862
John William Colenso , Bishop of Natal, published the first volume of his controversial The Pentateuch and the Book of Joshua Critically Examined, challenging the literal truth of the Bible on scientific grounds.
Black-and-white portrait photo of Margaret Forster, looking at the camera and leaning on what could be the back of a couch, 30 January 1964.

Margaret Forster

Margaret Forster 's tally of books, which began to appear in the later twentieth century, neared forty. They run the gamut from novels at one end to history and biography at the other, emphasising the...
2 July 1781
At the Haymarket Theatre the final performance was given of The Genius of Nonsense, a play which mocked James Graham , health-and-sex pundit, as the Emperor of Quacks.
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung was published; it included discussions, originally published in two essays in 1917, on introversion and extroversion.
By mid-1933
Walter Greenwood published Love on the Dole, a novel about life in depression Britain which sold 46,290 copies by 1940.
By late June 1999
J. M. Coetzee became the first author to win the Booker Prize a second time, with Disgrace; his Life & Times of Martin K. had won in 1983.
25 August 2012
According to an announcement by scientists at NASA after more than a year of examining the data (though even then a few other space scientists remain sceptical) the spacecraft Voyager 1 (launched from the Earth...
The Ladies' Royal Benevolent Society was founded, to provide charity to London's poor.
There was published The Female Soldier; or, The Surprising Life and Adventures of Hannah Snell, who claimed to have served undetected for five years in the army, wearing men's clothes.
David Clapham translated Henry Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim 's treatise De Nobilitate et praecellentia foeminei sexus, 1529, as Treatise on the Nobility of Womankind.
15 November 1942
Church bells (which quite recently had stood ready to signal invasion) were rung all over Britain, in the wake of the battle of El Alamein, to celebrate the defeat of Rommel .
John Bunyan published a tract examining the relation of women to the church: A Case of Conscience Resolved.

Amelia Beauclerc

AB 's half-dozen novels, all published within a decade of the early nineteenth century and of oddly varying quality, centre on the theme of bad parenting. Many include travel and several touch the fringes of...
24 May 1675
Anthony Wood , passionate collector of historical ephemera, carried off for his collection a petition to parliament which he found provided as toilet paper in a London privy.
Three-Quarter Face: Reports & Reflections by Penelope Gilliatt collected her various reviews and profiles of celebrities (including Nabokov , Hitchcock , Woody Allen , and Diane Keaton ).
Parliament passed the Septennial Act, which set the maximum duration of a British government at seven years before an election had to be called (more than twice the previous three-year term).
The first volume of Gilbert Burnet 's History of His Own Times (begun in 1683) was posthumously published by his son Sir Thomas Burnet .
21 September 1931
Britain abandoned the gold standard.
1 May 1746
A Penal Law passed by the British Parliament in 1745 declared that from this date any marriage of a Protestant solemnised by a Catholic priest (whether to a Catholic or Protestant) was null and void.
Late June 1862
The Council of the College of Physicians in Edinburgh decided, by a vote of eighteen to sixteen, against admitting women.
The first lying-in hospital in Great Britain was established in Edinburgh.
The Black US singer Josephine Baker , aged nineteen, met with phenomenal success in Paris; she was seen as exemplifying the Jazz Age on one hand and a new racial consciousness on the other.
16 April 1912
Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly the English Channel: from Deal in England to Cape Gris-Nez in France.
15 April 1886
The first conference of the Women's Co-operative Guild was held at Hooper Square, Leman Street, London.
2 August 1869
The Endowed Schools Act effected educational reform and improved funding for girls' schooling.
By May 1790
Sir John Sinclair circulated to Church of Scotland clergymen his questionnaire about their parishes: their history, geography, antiquities, natural history, demography, commerce, industry, and manners.
6 March 1893
The Liverpool Overhead Railway opened: it was the first elevated city electric line.
Half-length painting of Mary Shelley by Richard Rothwell, exhibited 1840. She sits on a red-draped couch, gazing serenely forward, wearing a black dress that leaves her shoulders bare. She has a gold waistband and gold band in her hair. A vertical streak of light on the right is thought by some to represent the spirit of her husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley. National Portrait Gallery.

Mary Shelley

MS , long known almost exclusively for Frankenstein, is now being read for her later novels and her plays, as well as for her journals and letters. Her editing, reviewing, biographical, and journalistic work...
Jacob Burckhardt published Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien.
Spring 1983
Granta magazine's first listing of twenty Best of Young British Novelists included the names of six women: Pat Barker , Ursula Bentley , Buchi Emecheta , Maggie Gee , Lisa St Auban de Teran , and Rose Tremain .
Josephine Saxton published two science fictionstories, The Consciousness Machine and Jane Saint and the Backlash: The Further Travails of Jane Saint, in a single volume from Women's Press.
William Taylor wrote the first recorded instance of the word autobiography (in a Monthly Review notice of Isaac D'Israeli 's Miscellanies).
November 1909
The Conservative and Unionist Women's Franchise Review began quarterly publication in London.
10 October 1891
The newspaper of the emerging Independent Labour Party , The Labour Leader, first appeared. It ran until 28 September 1922, after which the title changed to the New Leader.
Francis Hutcheson published anonymously, in two separate forms, An Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue, in two treatises, one on aesthetics (beauty, order, harmony, design) and one...
A skeleton of the first known remains of the people subsequently named Neanderthals (an ice age subspecies of Homo sapiens) was found in the Neander Valley, near Düsseldorf.

Sir James George Frazer

SJGF was a late Victorian academic, anthropologist and investigator of aboriginal peoples' religious beliefs and practices. His book The Golden Bough made a huge impact on writers as well as scientists.
Jeremy Bentham 's Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation was published.
10 August 1876
The first telephone conversation over a significant distance (eight miles) was made by Alexander Graham Bell .
3 November 1957
Sputnik 2 was launched by the Soviet Union, carrying a dog named Laika, the first animal to reach orbit around the earth.
June 1999
Suzanne Berne of the USA won the Orange Prize for Fiction with her novelA Crime In The Neighborhood.
Londoner Isabella Rushton Preston published anonymously, through John Murray , her Handbook of Familiar Quotations from English Authors. This became a leading source for the better-known, American Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 1855.
Shapiro, Fred R. “Anonymous was a Woman”. Yale Alumni Magazine.
January 1800
The British Magazine, a leading conservative periodical, began publication.
November 1867
Émile Zola published Thérèse Raquin, a naturalistic novel treating adultery, murder, and poetic justice.
Photograph of a colourized print of Jane Austen, from a drawing by a Mr Andrews commissioned by Austen's nephew James Edward Austen Leigh as frontispiece to his "Memoir of Jane Austen", 1870 (fifty years after she died). She is shown seated, with a book on her lap, wearing a blue dress and light brown bonnet.

Jane Austen

JA 's unequalled reputation has led academic canon-makers to set her on a pedestal and scholars of early women's writing to use her as an epoch. For generations she was the first—or the only—woman to...
3 March 1851
John Ruskin published The Foundations, the first volume of his influential study of architecture and culture entitled The Stones of Venice.
New Zealand pilot Jean Batten flew a Gypsy Moth from England to Australia. She beat British pilot Amy Johnson 's 1930 record by five days, and became the fist woman to complete the return trip.

Kathleen Nott

KN was a philosophical writer, novelist, translator, poet, and critic of the mid twentieth century. Her importance for literary history lies in the position she took up in The Emperor's Clothes, 1953, which challenged...