Irish Republican Brotherhood


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Characters Emily Lawless
Lawless conveys the tension between peasant farmers and upper-class landlords (and the English government) through the lives of her characters, and suggests, as one reviewer describes it, a sad feeling of the hopelessness ....
Family and Intimate relationships Hannah Lynch
Most unusually, the name of HL 's father remains unknown. He was a member of the Fenians who nonetheless believed in pursuing political goals through non-violence.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
HL never knew him, for he died before she...
Literary responses Charlotte Grace O'Brien
Fenian Will Upton , whose own publication venture she later encouraged, wrote to praise the novel's freedom from sensationalism. To depict our peasant life truly without prejudice is indeed a national good. . ....
politics Constance, Countess Markievicz
She soon began to associate with activists Arthur Griffith , Bulmer Hobson , Eoin MacNeill , and Patrick Pearse , who were then members of such groups as the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB ).
Haverty, Anne. Constance Markievicz: An Independent Life. Pandora, 1988.
politics Constance, Countess Markievicz
Despite her focus on the ICA, CCM maintained a passionate involvement with many (sometimes conflicting) groups, such as Sinn Féin , the Irish Republican Brotherhood , and the Irish Volunteers .
Haverty, Anne. Constance Markievicz: An Independent Life. Pandora, 1988.
104, 118, 121
politics Dora Sigerson
Greatly moved by the Easter Rising of 1916 and the executions which followed it, DS created a sculpture in memory of the events of the Rising; the sculpture now stands in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin...
politics Jane Francesca, Lady Wilde
JFLW was no democrat, but an ardent Irish nationalist (as was her future husband). She was deeply discouraged by the failure of the 1848 uprising. She was supportive of the Young Irelanders and published in...
Author summary Charlotte Grace O'Brien
Irish nationalist CGOB wrote poetry (through the later nineteenth century and into the twentieth, including many sonnets and a closet drama), a single novel about a Fenian uprising, and a number of essays, some published...
Publishing Frances Power Cobbe
In the May 1866 Atlantic Monthly, FPC presented to a US audience a tempered attack on the newly prominent Fenian movement.
Mitchell, Sally. Frances Power Cobbe: Victorian Feminist, Journalist, Reformer. University of Virginia Press, 2004.
Textual Features Hannah Lynch
Introduced in the Athenæum on 24 September 1898 as a story of an unhappy childhood,
Binckes, Faith, and Kathryn Laing. “Irish Autobiographical Fiction and Hannah Lynch’s Autobiography of a Child”. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920, No. 2, pp. 195 -18.
Autobiography of a Child outlines the unhappy home life of a rebellious Irish girl, Angela, and the brutality and...
Textual Production Frances Power Cobbe
By 2 February 1867 FPC had published a selection of her shorter pieces under the title Hours of Work and Play, including a ghost story, a piece on social reform in India, and...
Textual Production Charlotte Grace O'Brien
CGOB published, dedicated to her father , Light and Shade, her novel about the Fenian uprising of March 1867.
This abortive uprising took place in several southern Irish centres including Limerick. CGOB 's...
Violence Matilda Charlotte Houstoun
Her time in Connaught was, by her account, one of great personal danger to herself and other English inhabitants, and increasingly so in the 1860s as the Fenian movement gained ground and Gladstone 's Irish...
Violence Queen Victoria
QV was warned that Fenians were plotting to seize and possibly assassinate her.
Longford, Elizabeth. Queen Victoria: Born to Succeed. Harper and Row, 1964.
Munich, Adrienne. Queen Victoria’s Secrets. Columbia University Press, 1996.
Victoria, Queen. Queen Victoria in Her Letters and Journals. Hibbert, ChristopherEditor , Penguin, 1985.
Violence Queen Victoria
A young man with Fenian connections was apprehended for an assassination attempt on QV ; his pistol proved not to be loaded.
Longford, Elizabeth. Queen Victoria: Born to Succeed. Harper and Row, 1964.
Victoria, Queen. Queen Victoria in Her Letters and Journals. Hibbert, ChristopherEditor , Penguin, 1985.


O'Donovan Rossa established the nationalist Phoenix Society in Skibbereen, Ireland.
17 March 1858
The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) was established on St Patrick's Day in Dublin by James Stephens . It was popularly known for more than a decade as the Fenians. Later this year John O'Mahony
Early March 1867
An unsuccessful Fenian (Irish Republican Brotherhood ) uprising (described by the Cork Examiner as an insane and criminal insurrection) took place in the counties of Cork, Limerick, Tipperary, and Clare.
18 September 1867
Fenians staged an attack in Manchester on a police van to gain the release of two Fenian prisoners who were arrested the week before; a policeman was killed. Later five men were tried for murder...
January 1881
Followers of the Fenian or Irish Republican Brotherhood man O'Donovan Rossa (who himself was in the USA) exploded a bomb in Salford, the first time a bomb had been planted in Britain to further...
May 1882
Thomas Burke and Lord Frederick Cavendish , Under-Secretary and incoming Chief Secretary for Ireland, were murdered in Phoenix Park, Dublin, by extremist Fenians calling themselves the Invincibles.
The year following Irish nationalist Ellen O'Leary 's death from breast cancer on 15 October 1889, her Lays of Country, Home and Friends (many of them political) were collected and published.
25 November 1913
The Irish Volunteers were established at a meeting at the Rotunda Rink in Dublin, using a name from an earlier period of Irish nationalist ferment—that of the short-lived, late-eighteenth-century Dublin parliament.
December 1915
The Irish Republican Brotherhood established a Military Council to plan a rebellion in Ireland.
24-29 April 1916
In what became known as the Easter Rising, the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army took control of Dublin.