Sarah Grand

Standard Name: Grand, Sarah
Birth Name: Frances Elizabeth Bellenden Clarke
Married Name: Frances Elizabeth Bellenden McFall
Indexed Name: Frances E. McFall
Pseudonym: Sarah Grand
Nickname: Madame Grand
SG is known as a late nineteenth-century women's rights campaigner and social reformer. She claimed to have coined the term New Woman in her article The New Aspect of the Woman Question, which appeared in the North American Review in March 1894. Her novel Ideala, 1888, was an early example of the New Woman novels which became increasingly popular, if controversial, among both female and male writers at the turn of the century. Her nine novels and three collections of short stories tend toward the didactic; she explicitly acknowledged her belief in writing as instruction rather than as art.
Bonnell, Marilyn. “Sarah Grand and the Critical Establishment: Art for [Wo]man’s Sake”. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, Vol.
, No. 1, pp. 123-48.
She also published a pamphlet on male-female relationships, as well as many articles and lectures on gender issues. She never tried to publish the poetry that she wrote for pleasure.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Anthologization Ella D'Arcy
This was anthologized by Angelique Richardson in Women Who Did, 2002.
This anthology also features Sarah Grand 's 1898 story When the Door Opened, which seems to echo EDA 's Irremediable.
Clarke, John Stock. Ella D’Arcy.
Education Kate Parry Frye
She also educated herself through reading, and while still in her teens was recording her opinion of New Woman novels: Sarah Grand 's The Heavenly Twins, 1893, and Emma Frances Brooke 's A Superfluous...
Education Elma Napier
In spite of the fact that her family did not value literature as much as games, and that her mother had specific ideas about what girls should read, EN devoured every book she could get...
Friends, Associates Ménie Muriel Dowie
As a public literary figure MMD moved amongst the major writers of her day. At the Women Writers' Dinner of the New Vagabonds Club in June 1895, she spoke alongside Adeline Sergeant , Christabel Coleridge
Friends, Associates Annie S. Swan
She also mentions a great many literary names. Among women writers whom she calls the stars of her generation were Mary Augusta Ward , Lucas Malet , Lucy Clifford , Sarah Grand , Violet Hunt
Friends, Associates Katharine Tynan
At Tunbridge WellsKT became a friend of writer and women's rights activist Sarah Grand (whose real name was Frances Elizabeth Bellenden (Clarke) McFall ).
Friends, Associates Mona Caird
She met Arthur Symons in June 1889, and in the following month Thomas Hardy carefully arranged to sit between her and Rosamund Marriott Watson (and opposite F. Mabel Robinson ) at a dinner of the...
Intertextuality and Influence Mona Caird
The title refers to an ancient ring of standing stones which features in the novel, a place of ritual and supposedly of human sacrifice, probably based on the Stones of Cairnholy not far from the...
Literary responses George Egerton
GE tended not to read reviews of her works: she claimed to have a kind of contempt for English criticisms.
Egerton, George. A Leaf from the Yellow Book. Editor White, Terence de Vere, Richards Press.
She also abhorred the idea of giving interviews or having her picture printed in...
Literary responses Kathleen Caffyn
Her contemporary Hugh Stutfield grouped KC together with Sarah Grand and Grant Allen as members of the purity school. Gail Cunningham notes that these authors were seen to valorize a feminine ideal and sphere...
Occupation Constance Smedley
Since the Langham Place Group had provided a social space for women in 1860, several organizations had already challenged the flourishing institution of men's clubs. The Lyceum Club came on the scene at a time...
politics May Sinclair
Other Vice-Presidents at this time included Margaret Baillie-Reynolds , Marie Belloc Lowndes , Sarah Grand , Emily Morse Symonds , Margaret Woods , and Edith Zangwill .
Boll, Theophilus E. M. Miss May Sinclair: Novelist: A Biographical and Critical Introduction. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
Sinclair, however, could not approve the increasingly...
Reception Ella D'Arcy
EDA 's slim output has made it easier for posterity to ignore her. But both Arnold Bennett and Ford Madox Ford thought highly of her.
Fisher, Benjamin Franklin. “Ella D’Arcy: A Commentary with a Primary and Annotated Secondary Bibliography”. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920, Vol.
, No. 2, pp. 179-11.
Mix, Katherine Lyon. A Study in Yellow: <span data-tei-ns-tag="tei_title" data-tei-title-lvl="j">The Yellow Book</span> and Its Contributors. Greenwood Press.
Katherine Mix discussed her work in A Study...
Reception Mona Caird
Where literary historian John Sutherland has called MCone of the most aggressive of the New Woman novelists,
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Ann Heilmann (who has led the scholarly rediscovery of the story of Caird's life) has argued that...
Textual Features Kathleen Caffyn
This three-volume narrative opens on the childhood of Gwen and Dacre Waring, a sister and brother who grow up in a wealthy, intellectual and agnostic family. Their parents' unorthodox values do not, however, extend to...


After March 1894: During this decade tailor-made costumes gave...

Building item

After March 1894

During this decade tailor-made costumes gave a look of efficiency to the New Woman—a phrase whose popularity dated from Sarah Grand 's use of it this month.

June 1908: The Women Writers' Suffrage League was established...

National or international item

June 1908

10 December 1908: The inaugural meeting of the Actresses' Franchise...

National or international item

10 December 1908

The inaugural meeting of the Actresses' Franchise League was held at the Criterion Restaurant in London.


Grand, Sarah. A Domestic Experiment. W. Blackwood, 1891.
Grand, Sarah. Adnam’s Orchard. W. Heinemann, 1912.
Grand, Sarah. Babs the Impossible. Harper, 1900.
Grand, Sarah. Emotional Moments. Hurst and Blackett, 1908.
Grand, Sarah. “General Introduction”. Sex, Social Purity and Sarah Grand: Volume 1, edited by Ann Heilmann, Routledge, 2000, pp. 1-15.
Grand, Sarah. Ideala. E. W. Allen, 1888.
Senf, Carol A., and Sarah Grand. “Introduction”. The Heavenly Twins, University of Michigan Press, 1992, p. vii - xxxvii.
Mitchell, Sally, and Sarah Grand. “Introduction”. The Beth Book, Thoemmes, 1994, p. v - xxiv.
Grand, Sarah. “Introduction; Chronology”. Sex, Social Purity and Sarah Grand: Volume 2, edited by Stephanie Forward, Routledge, 2000, pp. 1 - 12; 13.
Grand, Sarah. “Mamma’s Music Lessons”. Aunt Judy’s Magazine, Vol.
, pp. 489 - 95, 527.
Grand, Sarah. “Mere Man”. Saturday Review, pp. 733-4.
Betham-Edwards, Matilda, and Sarah Grand. Mid-Victorian Memories. John Murray, 1919, p. xvi; 165 pp.
Grand, Sarah. Our Manifold Nature. W. Heinemann, 1894.
Grand, Sarah. Sex, Social Purity and Sarah Grand: Volume 1. Editor Heilmann, Ann, Routledge, 2000.
Grand, Sarah. Sex, Social Purity and Sarah Grand: Volume 2. Editor Forward, Stephanie, Routledge, 2000.
Grand, Sarah. Sex, Social Purity and Sarah Grand: Volume 3. Editor Heilmann, Ann, Routledge, 2000.
Grand, Sarah. Sex, Social Purity and Sarah Grand: Volume 4. Editor Heilmann, Ann, Routledge, 2000.
Grand, Sarah. “Should Married Women Follow Professions?”. Young Woman, Vol.
, pp. 257-9.
Grand, Sarah. Singularly Deluded. W. Blackwood, 1893.
Grand, Sarah. The Beth Book. D. Appleton, 1897.
Grand, Sarah. The Beth Book. Thoemmes, 1994.
Grand, Sarah. “The Case of the Modern Spinster”. Pall Mall Magazine, Vol.
, pp. 52-6.
Grand, Sarah. The Heavenly Twins. W. Heinemann, 1893.
Grand, Sarah, and Carol A. Senf. The Heavenly Twins. University of Michigan Press, 1992.
Grand, Sarah. The Human Quest. W. Heinemann, 1900.