Kathleen Raine

Standard Name: Raine, Kathleen
Birth Name: Kathleen Jessie Raine
Married Name: Kathleen Jessie Davies
Married Name: Kathleen Jessie Madge
KR 's lengthy, successful career as twentieth-century poet, autobiographer, essayist, critic, and translator, won her many awards in England and other countries. She called the writing of words (especially poetry) her greatest joy. Paradoxically, it is the written word which communicates from heart to heart, not the spoken word; for our most secret knowledge comes to us in solitude.
Raine, Kathleen. The Written Word. Enitharmon Press.
For KR , mythology and nature were modes for illuminating psychic development. The core of women's creativity lay in the development of a self, needing both spiritual and human relationships.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Friends, Associates Frances Horovitz
Among FH 's literary friends were poets or writers Anne Stevenson , Harold Pinter , Henry Williamson , Gillian Clarke , Kathleen Raine , Dom Sylvester Houédard , Inge Laird , Jeff Nuttall , and...
Friends, Associates Rosamond Lehmann
RL was also a great success with the art-historian Bernard Berenson . Among a younger generation of artists and writers whom she often welcomed as guests were Siegfried Sassoon , W. H. Auden , Christopher Isherwood
Friends, Associates Ruth Pitter
RP knew T. S. Eliot well enough to enjoy a courtly encounter with him at a bus stop, but she felt his great innovations had not necessarily been a good thing for English poetry, and...
Friends, Associates Anne Ridler
Her brother was working for publishers George Bell , and she met a number of authors, including Antonia White and Margaret Kennedy . Later, through her own work, she met with T. S. Eliot 's...
Friends, Associates Dorothy Wellesley
Kathleen Raine later called this friendship a relationship of teacher to pupil, but one where neither the giving nor the receiving is all on one side. It possessed, she said, that magical quality which belongs...
Friends, Associates Antonia White
While working for the Special Operations ExecutivePolitical Intelligence Department , AW met Graham Greene , Simone Weil , and Kathleen Raine .
Chitty, Susan. Now To My Mother. Weidenfeld and Nicholson.
Early in the war, as she gradually moved closer to the Church, she wrote...
Intertextuality and Influence Virginia Woolf
The original audience included Q. D. Roth (later Leavis) and Kathleen Raine . Women writers who later counted it an important influence on them included such disparate figures as Muriel Box and Rumer Godden ...
Intertextuality and Influence Phyllis Bentley
Its chapters are allotted to its various characters by name. A quotation, acknowledged in the preliminary pages, comes from Worry about Money by Kathleen Raine (from The Pythoness, and Other Poems, 1949). This book...
Literary responses Elizabeth Jennings
She held bursaries or grants from the Arts Council (after the initial one for her first book) in 1965, 1968, and 1972.
“Lauinger Library: Special Collections Division”. Georgetown University Library.
Some critics disparage EJ 's work along lines effectively summarized by Robert Crawford
Literary responses Frances Bellerby
Kathleen Raine highly praised this volume.
Gittings, Robert, and Frances Bellerby. “Introduction”. Selected Poems, edited by Anne Stevenson and Anne Stevenson, Enitharmon Press.
Literary responses T. S. Eliot
George Orwell no doubt spoke for a section of Eliot's readership when he wrote in October 1942 of the first three quartets: There is very little in Eliot's later work that makes any deep impression...
Literary responses Dorothy Wellesley
Kathleen Raine , though she called DW a minor poet, a not always perceptive judge of Yeats's poems, also gave her credit as the champion of an unfashionable view of poetry, whose revelation of Yeats's...
Material Conditions of Writing William Empson
WE began publishing his poetry as a Cambridge undergraduate during the years up to 1928 (as did others in the same group at the same time, including Kathleen Raine ). He edited and published his...
Occupation William Empson
WE was an enthusiast for Basic English (a simplified form of the language which he favoured not only for exchanges among scientists and others from different language groups, but also as an introduction to the...
Publishing Jeni Couzyn
In the late 1960s a male friend of JC passed on to her a commission for an anthology of love poems by women. The publisher had delicate lyrics in mind, and was horrified at Couzyn's...


16 January 1929: The Listener began publication; it has been...

Writing climate item

16 January 1929

The Listener began publication; it has been said that it did more for the new 'thirties poetry in Britain than any of the specialized poetry magazines.

Early 1936: The Faber Book of Modern Verse, edited by...

Writing climate item

Early 1936

The Faber Book of Modern Verse, edited by Michael Roberts (who was put forward for this task by T. S. Eliot ), set out to define the modern movement, not just chronologically but according...

1960: Gavin Maxwell issued his best-known book,...

Writing climate item


Gavin Maxwell issued his best-known book, about otters on Cambusfearna (that is Sandaig, an island off Western Scotland), entitled Ring of Bright Water (from a line by Kathleen Raine : He has married me...

1968: At the end of Edmund Blunden's tenure of...

Writing climate item


At the end of Edmund Blunden 's tenure of the Professorship of Poetry at Oxford , Roy Fuller was elected to follow him.


Raine, Kathleen. A Question of Poetry. Richard Gilbertson, 1969.
Raine, Kathleen. Autobiographies. Skoob Books, 1991.
Raine, Kathleen. Blake and England. W. Heffer and Son, 1960.
Raine, Kathleen. Blake and the New Age. Allen and Unwin, 1979.
Raine, Kathleen. Blake and Tradition. Princeton University Press, 1968.
Raine, Kathleen. Christmas 1960: An Acrostic. Printed for the author and Enitharmon Press, 1960.
Raine, Kathleen. Collected Poems 1935-1980. Allen and Unwin, 1981.
Raine, Kathleen. David Jones: Solitary Perfectionist. Golgonooza Press, 1974.
Raine, Kathleen. Defending Ancient Springs. Oxford University Press, 1967.
Raine, Kathleen. Faces of Day and Night. Enitharmon Press, 1972.
Raine, Kathleen. Farewell Happy Fields: Memories of Childhood. Hamilton, 1973.
Raine, Kathleen. Fifteen Short Poems. Enitharmon Press, 1978.
Raine, Kathleen. Golgonooza, City of Imagination: Last Studies in William Blake. Golgonooza Press, 1989.
Raine, Kathleen. Hopkins: Nature and Human Nature. Hopkins Society, 1972.
Raine, Kathleen. India Seen Afar. Green Books, 1989.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. “Introduction”. The Letters of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, edited by Kathleen Raine, Grey Walls Press, 1950, p. v - ix.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. “Introduction”. Poems and Prose, edited by Kathleen Raine, Penguin, 1957, pp. 9-17.
Raine, Kathleen, and W. B. Yeats. “Introduction”. Letters on Poetry from W.B. Yeats to Dorothy Wellesley, edited by Dorothy Wellesley and Dorothy Wellesley, Oxford University Press, 1964, p. ix - xiii.
Skelton, Robin, and Kathleen Raine. “Introductory Note”. Faces of Day and Night, Enitharmon Press, 1972.
Raine, Kathleen. Living in Time. Nicholson and Watson, 1946.
Raine, Kathleen. Living with Mystery: Poems, 1987-1991. Golgonooza Press, 1992.
Raine, Kathleen. Ninfa Revisited. Enitharmon Press, 1968.
Raine, Kathleen. On a Deserted Shore: A Sequence of Poems. Dolmen, 1973.
Raine, Kathleen. Poetry in Relation to Traditional Wisdom. Guild of Pastoral Psychology, 1958.
Raine, Kathleen. Selected Poems. Weekend Press, 1952.