Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Standard Name: Rousseau, Jean-Jacques


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Anna Sewell
After seriously injuring her ankle at the age of fourteen, AS was dependent on horses for mobility for the rest of her life. Her gratitude towards these animals, coupled with the Quaker and Rousseauvian values...
Education Dorothy Wellesley
She also furthered her own education by early-morning visits to the library, sometimes permitted though sometimes stopped, during which she read everything I could lay hands on, including Tennyson , Matthew Arnold , Swift 's...
Education George Sand
Her upbringing had a freedom in accordance with the dictates of Rousseau rather than the conventions of her class. Her father's tutor, François Deschartres, instructed the young Aurore in botany, mathematics, Latin, and Greek. At...
Education Julia Kristeva
Most of JK 's education in Bulgaria took place in French (a habit among the intelligentsia dating from before Communism), though Russian was also a compulsory subject. Her parents were unusual in choosing a French-speaking...
Education Charlotte Brooke
CB was educated by her father , who was interested in Irish language and culture, and was influenced by the pedagogic ideas of Rousseau .
Brooke, Charlotte. “Introduction”. Charlotte Brooke’s Reliques of Irish Poetry, edited by Lesa Ni Mhunghaile, Irish Manuscripts Commission, p. xxv - xliv.
He taught by encouraging her curiosity rather than by...
Family and Intimate relationships Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire 's life was complicated by her relationship with Lady Elizabeth Foster : a relationship which involved her husband as well, since Bess shared him during Georgiana's life and married him after...
Family and Intimate relationships Mary Shelley
Percy Shelley had dreams of enacting sexual liberation which Mary did not fully share. In France in 1814 she declined to swim naked in a river with him; according to Claire she objected that it...
Family and Intimate relationships Lucie Duff Gordon
LDG endeavoured to be prepared for the arrival of her child; she purportedly continued reading Rousseau 's Émile (a treatise on education which devotes almost all of its attention to boys) until well into her...
Fictionalization Héloïse
Since then she has remained a favourite subject for fiction (generally in her role as mistress rather than writer or churchwoman). Alexander Pope spread her reputation considerably when he borrowed her voice for his popular...
Friends, Associates Alison Cockburn
Her friendship with Hume was one of ease and intimacy. She joked with him and teased him, tried earnestly to convert him from atheism to Christianity, urged him to visit France and to bring Rousseau
Intertextuality and Influence Stéphanie-Félicité de Genlis
This work of pedagogy takes the form of an epistolary novel: a picture of contemporary culture, since its range of reference to other texts is wide. It assumes, like Rousseau 's Nouvelle Héloïse, the...
Intertextuality and Influence Helen Maria Williams
This novel re-writes Rousseau 's Julie; ou, La nouvelle Héloise in the sentimental style of Frances Sheridan 's Sidney Bidulph or Henry Mackenzie 's Julia de Roubigné.
Kelly, Gary. Women, Writing, and Revolution 1790-1827. Clarendon.
The love-triangle of Williams's Julia is...
Intertextuality and Influence Sarah Green
This preface is headed by two Latin words (one with a faulty grammatical ending) from Ovid 's description of chaos. SG slams both male and female novelists, chiefly authors of gothic or horrid novels and...
Intertextuality and Influence Helen Maria Williams
Julia is layered with allusion not only to Rousseau and Goethe but also to John Home 's tragedy Douglas.
Duquette, Natasha Aleksiuk. “Julie and Julia: Tracing Intertextuality in Helen Maria Williams’s Novel”. Pride and Prejudices.
Intertextuality and Influence Elizabeth Griffith
He describes her with a line from Donne 's Second Anniversary. EG 's range of reference here includes Rousseau , Milton , Frances Greville , and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu . Characters discuss and...


1 November 1755: A major earthquake at Lisbon in Portugal...

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1 November 1755

A major earthquake at Lisbon in Portugal killed more than 10,000 people (estimates vary), provoking theological debate between Rousseau and Voltaire about the nature of evil.

January 1761: Jean-Jacques Rousseau published his epistolary...

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January 1761

Jean-Jacques Rousseau published his epistolarynovelJulie; ou, La nouvelle Héloïse; it was translated into English the same year by William Kenrick .

By October 1762: Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Émile, a novel of...

Writing climate item

By October 1762

Jean-Jacques Rousseau 's Émile, a novel of education published in the earlier part of this year in French, had its first English translation as Emilius and Sophia.

1764: Mademoiselle d'Espinassy published Essai...

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Mademoiselle d'Espinassy published Essaisur l'éducation des demoiselles, a considered response to Rousseau 's Emile.

1774: Louise d'Epinay, former friend and patron...

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Louise d'Epinay , former friend and patron of Rousseau , published Conversations d'Emilie, a book on education for girls designed to counter the message of his Emile.

1785: Botanist Thomas Martyn translated into English...

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Botanist Thomas Martyn translated into English a work of Rousseau 's of 1771-3 as Letters on the Elements of Botany, Addressed to a Lady: it had eight editions in the next thirty years.

By July 1788: The publication of a Beauties of Rousseau...

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By July 1788

The publication of a Beauties of Rousseau marked his popularity in England.

Between 25 and 27 August 1789: In Paris, the National Assembly adopted the...

National or international item

Between 25 and 27 August 1789

In Paris, the National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.

By August 1794: Rousseau's autobiographical Confessions appeared...

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By August 1794

Rousseau 's autobiographicalConfessions appeared in English, translated by Robert Jephson .

9 July 1798: George Canning, writing in the Anti-Jacobin,...

Women writers item

9 July 1798

George Canning , writing in the Anti-Jacobin, lambasted sensibility as a literary mode stemming from France, from Rousseau , and from diseased fancy, effeminacy, and self-obsession.

1801: Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi suggested, in...

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Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi suggested, in Wie Gertrud ihre Kinder lehrt, that girls' education is even more vital than boys', since girls will one day educate children of their own.


Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. “Editorial Materials”. Rousseau Religious Writings, edited by Ronald Grimsley, Clarendon Press, 1970.