Bethlehem Royal Hospital


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Family and Intimate relationships Bathsua Makin
Henry Reginald died on 4 April 1635, having become mentally ill and been sent to Bedlam or Bethlehem Hospital.
Teague, Frances. Bathsua Makin, Woman of Learning. Bucknell University Press, 1998.
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Rigby
In London, she met theCarlyles and John Gibson Lockhart 's daughter Charlotte . She was also introduced to her future husband, Charles Eastlake . She called on Agnes Strickland and Maria Edgeworth . Lord Shaftesbury
Literary responses Catharine Macaulay
D'Eon, whom Macaulay respected, was sometimes linked with her as a fellow learned lady by those who thought him to be female. On June 6, 1771 the Public Advertiser carried a spoof report that CM
Literary responses Elizabeth Nihell
Tobias Smollett , writing for the Critical in March 1760, took EN 's book as an attack on the obstetrician William Smellie (though Nihell specifically disavows reference to individuals). His notice is a defence of...
politics Lady Eleanor Douglas
LED was confined: first in Bedlam (in a special room built for her comfort), then from April 1638 in the Tower of London .
Cope, Esther S. Handmaid of the Holy Spirit: Dame Eleanor Davies, Never Soe Mad a Ladie. University of Michigan Press, 1992.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Textual Features Georgiana Craik
My Sister's Husband relates how a woman discovers her brother-in-law to be as mad as any man in Bedlam.
Craik, Georgiana. “My Sister’s Husband”. Dublin University Magazine, pp. 217 - 25.
In Charlotte Brontë's Birth-PlaceGC relates how she heard Patrick Brontë preach an extempore...
Theme or Topic Treated in Text Lady Eleanor Douglas
The text complains bitterly of the author's sufferings in Bedlam, and explains her action at Lichfield Cathedral as analogous to the destruction by Moses of the golden calf, as related in the Old Testament...
Travel Elizabeth Heyrick
EH took to spending her summers in the countryside outside Leicester, living solely on potatoes in a shepherd's cottage with a view to experiencing the lifestyle of subsistence labourers in Ireland.
Corfield, Kenneth. “Elizabeth Heyrick: Radical Quaker”. Religion in the Lives of English Women, 1760-1930, edited by Gail Malmgreen, Indiana University Press, 1986, pp. 41 -67.
While in London...
Travel Elizabeth Teft
From her poetry ET was familiar both with London and with Cley on the Norfolk coast. She visited Bedlam , and hated it (better to be blind, she wrote, than see such sights). In...


The first insane patients were held at old Bedlam , which had been established as a hospital after King Henry III confiscated the religious priory of St Mary of Bethlem .
Following the Great Fire of London, Robert Hooke designed the new Bedlam Hospital in Moorfields, London.
Christopher Smart worked on his unfinished, unpublished prose-poem or liturgypoemJubilate Agno.
Visits to Bedlam or Bethlehem Hospital were judged to disturb the inmates: tickets replaced free access on payment at the door. Conditions, however, declined after this.
Bedlam or Bethlehem Hospital moved from Moorfields in the City of London across the Thames to St George's Fields in Southwark.
2 May 1814
A committee charged with investigating abuses at Bedlam made a visit of inspection and found inmates treated like vermin.
By July 1815
A Parliamentary Select Committee investigating potential ways to regulate the country's madhouses and improve their management published its first report.
3 March 1843
The trial opened of Daniel M'Naghten for the murder of Sir Robert Peel 's private secretary; his counsel pleaded insanity and consequent lack of self-control.
Leading physician George Savage published Insanity and Allied Neuroses.