Jane Welsh Carlyle

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Standard Name: Carlyle, Jane Welsh
Birth Name: Jane Baillie Welsh
Married Name: Jane Baillie Carlyle
Used Form: Jane Welsh
JWC is well known for her prodigious letters, none of which were published during her lifetime.
Christianson, Aileen. “Jane Welsh Carlyle’s Private Writing Career”. A History of Scottish Women’s Writing, edited by Douglas Gifford and Dorothy McMillan, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 232-45.
232
Her witty epistles, which Thomas Carlyle praised for pick[ing] up every diamond-spark, out of the common floor-dust,
Carlyle, Thomas, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. “Introduction”. The Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle, edited by Charles Richard Sanders, Duke University Press.
1: x
are rooted in her domestic and social activities and as a collection provide a social history of nineteenth-century London.
Clarke, Norma. Ambitious Heights. Routledge.
146
Bloom, Abigail Burnham, editor. Nineteenth-Century British Women Writers. Greenwood Press.
105
Jane also wrote a personal journal, a few poems, short stories, and dialogues which have been posthumously published. With the rise of feminist and epistolary criticism, JWC 's work has been the subject of increased critical attention from the late twentieth century onwards.

Connections

Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Julia Wedgwood
JW was born into that section of the English professional class which functioned as an intellectual and cultural elite. She was connected through her family with other Victorians strongly committed to spiritual and moral inquiry...
Cultural formation Geraldine Jewsbury
Despite the occasional friction between them, GJ felt that her friendship with Jane Carlyle was a step towards a new reality for women. Writing to Carlyle in 1849, she expressed her dream of a future...
Dedications Geraldine Jewsbury
GJ 's relationship with the actress Charlotte Cushman may have influenced her decision to make the heroine of this work an actress. She wanted to dedicate this novel to Jane Carlyle and Elizabeth Paulet ...
Family and Intimate relationships Thomas Carlyle
In April 1866, Jane Carlyle died during a coach ride in Hyde Park. TC was healing a sprained ankle in Edinburgh and could not immediately return. Geraldine Jewsbury was called on to identify the...
Family and Intimate relationships Geraldine Jewsbury
Despite the rocky beginning to their friendship, GJ and Jane Carlyle , eleven years her senior, developed a passionate and life-long intimate relationship. In a letter of 1841 GJ declared, I think of you very...
Family and Intimate relationships Geraldine Jewsbury
Jane Carlyle describes another occasion at Seaforth, this time in 1844, when GJ , upset over an earlier dispute, entered her friend's bedroom at night and acted in such a way that it was a...
Family and Intimate relationships Geraldine Jewsbury
After the publication of Zoe, a man known only in GJ 's letters as Q began corresponding with her. Other than that he was an acquaintance of the CarlyleJane Welsh Carlyle s, the man's real identity...
Family and Intimate relationships Adelaide Procter
AP 's mother, born Anne Skepper , was a clever and observant woman, a frequent and influential hostess to the London literary elite. Frances Kemble considered her notable for her pungent epigrams and brilliant sallies...
Family and Intimate relationships Geraldine Jewsbury
She dedicated Marian Withers to him in 1851.
Howe, Susanne. Geraldine Jewsbury: Her Life and Errors. George Allen and Unwin.
83
Lambert and Jewsbury shared a passage to the Continent when she and her brother left Manchester following her ill-fated relationship with Q . At first known...
Family and Intimate relationships Clementina Black
The marriage of CB 's mother, then Clara Patten , to David Black in 1849 was made against her father's wishes. The marriage effectively ended Clara's participation in intellectual and artistic circles, which had included...
Family and Intimate relationships Constance Garnett
Before her marriage, CG 's mother, Clara (Patten) Black , daughter of the successful portrait-painter George Patten , moved in artistic and intellectual circles and was a friend of Jane Welsh Carlyle and Geraldine Jewsbury
Family and Intimate relationships Geraldine Jewsbury
Her relationship with Mantell met with disapproval from Jane Carlyle , who may have been jealous.
Bloom, Abigail Burnham, editor. Nineteenth-Century British Women Writers. Greenwood Press.
223
In 1859, Mantell is said to have refused to marry Jewsbury and have her join him in New...
Family and Intimate relationships Thomas Carlyle
In 1826 he married Jane Welsh . They were introduced in 1821 by Edward Irving , who was both her tutor and his friend. Despite her mother's disapproval, they began a courtship. Their marriage produced no children.
Friends, Associates Anna Brownell Jameson
Also among ABJ 's friends at this time were Jane Carlyle , Sarah Austin , Harriet Grote , and Harriet Martineau .
Johnston, Judith. Anna Jameson: Victorian, Feminist, Woman of Letters. Scolar Press.
3
Friends, Associates Geraldine Jewsbury
GJ first met the Carlyles , just under a year after she had introduced herself by letter to Thomas .
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray et al., editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. http://www.oxforddnb.com/.
Howe, Susanne. Geraldine Jewsbury: Her Life and Errors. George Allen and Unwin.
43

Timeline

17 August 1847: The duchesse de Praslin was murdered by her...

Building item

17 August 1847

The duchesse de Praslin was murdered by her husband in their home in Paris. He attempted to conceal his guilt, then took poison and died during his trial.

December 1855: Barbara Leigh Smith, later Bodichon, founded...

National or international item

December 1855

Barbara Leigh Smith , later Bodichon, founded the Married Women's Property Committee (sometimes called the Women's Committee) to draw up a petition for a married women's property bill.

14 March 1856: A petition for Reform of the Married Women's...

National or international item

14 March 1856

A petitionfor Reform of the Married Women's Property Law, organized by the Married Women's Property Committee and signed by many prominent women, was presented to both Houses of Parliament.

1883: James Simson edited a short anthology entitled...

Writing climate item

1883

James Simson edited a short anthology entitled The Gipsies, as illustrated by John Bunyan , Mrs. Carlyle , and others. And, Do Snakes Swallow Their Young?.

Texts

Carlyle, Jane Welsh. “Almost a Tragedy”. Pall Mall Gazette.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh, and Thomas Carlyle. Early Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle. Editor Ritchie, David G., Swan Sonnenschein, 1889.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. “Editorial Materials”. Jane Welsh Carlyle: A New Selection of Her Letters, edited by Trudy Bliss, Victor Gollancz, 1950, p. various pages.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. I Too Am Here: Selections from the Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle. Editors Simpson, Alan and Mary McQueen Simpson, Cambridge University Press, 1977.
Ireland, Annie Elizabeth et al. “Introduction”. Selections from the Letters of Geraldine Endsor Jewsbury to Jane Welsh Carlyle, Longmans, Green, 1892, p. v - xviii.
Crichton-Browne, Sir James, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. “Introduction”. New Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle, edited by Thomas Carlyle et al., John Lane, 1903, p. 1: v - lxxxvii.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. “Introduction”. Jane Welsh Carlyle: Letters to Her Family, 1839-1863, edited by Leonard Huxley, John Murray, 1924, p. v - xv.
Carlyle, Thomas, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. “Introduction”. The Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle, edited by Charles Richard Sanders, Duke University Press, 1970.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. “Introductory Preface”. Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle to Joseph Neuberg, 1848-1862, edited by Townsend Scudder, Oxford University Press, 1931, p. v - xiv.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. Jane Welsh Carlyle: A New Selection of Her Letters. Editor Bliss, Trudy, Victor Gollancz, 1950.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. Jane Welsh Carlyle: Letters to Her Family, 1839-1863. Editor Huxley, Leonard, John Murray, 1924.
Jewsbury, Geraldine, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. Jewsbury. The Collected Writings of Geraldine Jewsbury (1812-1880). Adam Matthew, 1994.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle. Editors Carlyle, Thomas and James Anthony Froude, Longmans, Green, 1883.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. “Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle to Amely Bölte, 1843-1849”. New Review, Vol.
6
, pp. 608-16.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle to Joseph Neuberg, 1848-1862. Editor Scudder, Townsend, Oxford University Press, 1931.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh, and Sir James Crichton-Browne. New Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle. Editors Carlyle, Thomas and Alexander Carlyle, John Lane, 1903.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh, and Thomas Carlyle. “Preface”. Early Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle, edited by David G. Ritchie, Swan Sonnenschein, 1889, p. v - xii.
Carlyle, Thomas, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. “Preface”. The Love Letters of Thomas Carlyle and Jane Welsh, edited by Alexander Carlyle, John Lane, 1909, p. 1: v - xi.
Carlyle, Jane Welsh. “Preface and Introduction”. I Too Am Here: Selections from the Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle, edited by Alan Simpson and Mary McQueen Simpson, Cambridge University Press, 1977, pp. ix - xii; 1.
Jewsbury, Geraldine, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. Selections from the Letters of Geraldine Endsor Jewsbury to Jane Welsh Carlyle. Editor Ireland, Annie Elizabeth, Longmans, Green, 1892.
Carlyle, Thomas, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. The Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle. Editor Sanders, Charles Richard, Duke University Press, 1970.
Carlyle, Thomas, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. The Collected Poems of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle. Editors Tarr, Rodger L. and Fleming McClelland, Penkevill, 1986.
Carlyle, Thomas, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. The Love Letters of Thomas Carlyle and Jane Welsh. Editor Carlyle, Alexander, John Lane, 1909.
Carlyle, Thomas, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. Thomas and Jane: Selected Letters from the Edinburgh University Library Collection. Editor Campbell, Ian, Friends of Edinburgh University Library, 1980.