Women’s Writing in the British Isles from the Beginnings to the Present
Standard Name: Smedley, Constance
Birth Name: Constance Anne Smedley
Nickname: The Princess
Married Name: Constance Armfield
Married Name: Constance Smedley Armfield
Beginning early in the twentieth century, CS
published forty books, about twenty of them novels and the rest plays, children's books, and non-fiction including a polemical feminist manifesto and a book of memoirs. Her writing was only one aspect of her career: through her theatrical ideals, teaching, and practice (writing and directing plays and pageants, not all of them published) it connected with her work in the visual arts: embroidery, illustration, and social movements.
also studied first at Trinity College of Music and later at the Royal College of Organists. She intended to pursue a concert career, and meanwhile became at an early age only the second woman...
Gladys Henrietta Schütze
During the Schützes' pacifist years it was only gradually that they began to find some support from like-minded people, like Bertrand Russell
and Ramsay MacDonald
felt the latter was a fair-weather pacifist), and...
Elizabeth von Arnim
met Hugh Walpole after receiving a fan letter he sent her in 1907. They met for tea at the Lyceum Club
, a London women's social club that had been inaugurated by Constance Smedley
were centres of literary social life in London. EDA
had many friends among writers, many of them New Women. They included Evelyn Sharp
, and Constance Smedley
(who found her entirely sincere...
Intertextuality and Influence
The year 1974 marks a turning point in AJ
's writing career, beginning a second phase which proved just as significant as the first.. Soon after moving with her family from London to Lyme Regis...
She belonged to a number of London clubs for professional women: the Writers' Club
(founded 1892, first president John Strange Winter
, which, she said, was invaluable in teaching her the need for assertiveness),
O’Conor Eccles, Charlotte. “The Experience of a Woman Journalist”. Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, Vol.
, pp. 830-8.
153 (June 1893): 836
, whose flower pictures FK
had accepted for the paper, wrote later that Klickmann had rescued [it] from Victorianism and brought [it] into line with the best traditions of modern journalism.
Smedley, Constance, and Maxwell Armfield. Crusaders. Chatto & Windus, 1912.
helped found the London International Lyceum Club
, which was established by Constance Smedley
as a club for professional women on an equal footing with the long-standing London clubs for professional men.
Matthew, Henry Colin Gray, Brian Harrison, and Lawrence Goldman, editors. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. http://www.oxforddnb.com/, http://www.oxforddnb.com/.
International Association of Lyceum Clubs. http://www.lyceumclub.org/en/history.htm, http://www.lyceumclub.org/en/history.htm.
The Club grew out of the Writers' Club
, an organization for women writers in London. It was the brainchild of Constance Smedley
, and Writers' Club members who were founding members of the Lyceum...
Elizabeth von Arnim
Because of her growing interest in Fabian socialism, EA
asked Constance Smedley
to introduce her to H. G. Wells
, with whom she later had a love affair.
Usborne, Karen. "Elizabeth": The Author of Elizabeth and Her German Garden. Bodley Head, 1986.