Flora Annie Steel

Standard Name: Steel, Flora Annie
Birth Name: Flora Annie Webster
Married Name: Flora Annie Steel
Publishing from the 1880s through the first three decades of the twentieth century, FAS produced some thirty books. Most of her novels describe contemporary Anglo-Indian life, though some are set in Britain (seldom in England) and five are historical novels about India (four of those being about the relatively distant time of the Mughal emperors, and one of them called by its author a biography). Of about eighty-five short stories collected in her successive volumes of short fiction, a number present, with imaginative sympathy, virtually every facet of Indian life,
Steel, Flora Annie. “Introduction”. The Best Short Stories of Flora Annie Steel, edited by Saros Cowasjee, Saros Cowasjee, and Saros Cowasjee, Indus, 1995, p. i - xvi.
often unmediated by any western presence. She also published history, a pamphlet on women's rights, and a vivid if impressionistic autobiography. FAS 's India is that of the British Raj, a place where sharply distinct cultures remain essentially unaffected by close contact, often erotic, between members of different races and religions. FAS has nothing but scorn for Anglos who cannot adapt to India, but also deep anxieties for Indians adapting to western ways.
Black and white, head-and-shoulders photograph of Flora Annie Steel looking straight at the viewer. She is wearing a light dress with little visible below the neckline, and a necklace with two stones in its centre. Her probably grey hair is brushed back.
"Flora Annie Steel" Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flora_Annie_Steel.jpg. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Anthologization Violet Fane
In 1901 her poetry was included (with that of others, including Flora Annie Steel , specifically mentioned in the subtitle) in The Passing of Victoria ; the Poets' Tribute, edited by John Alexander Hammerton .
OCLC WorldCat.
Solo: Search Oxford University Libraries Online.
Family and Intimate relationships Laurence Hope
She was said to be twenty-three when she married Nicolson, who was then forty-six. Her new husband always called her Violet. He was an accomplished linguist, proficient in Baluchi, Persian, Pashto, and Brahui, was...
Friends, Associates Beatrice Harraden
Apart from Eliza Lynn Linton , her close literary friends included Evelyn Glover , Catharine Amy Dawson Scott , Evelyn Sharp , and Flora Annie Steel (with whom she corresponded).
Friends, Associates Laurence Hope
Through her husband LH met the writer Flora Annie Steel , who also spent a large part of her life in India. Steel had been a very old friend
Steel, Flora Annie. The Garden of Fidelity. Macmillan, 1930.
of Malcolm Hassels Nicolson...
Friends, Associates Catharine Amy Dawson Scott
Dawson counted Violet Hunt among her closest friends in London; she also socialized with Annie Besant , Flora Annie Steel , James McNeill Whistler , and Netta Syrett .
Watts, Marjorie, and Frances King. Mrs. Sappho. Duckworth, 1987.
Intertextuality and Influence Mary Frances Billington
Chapters are provided on preliminaries, social preliminaries, the religious ceremony, the reception, the honeymoon, the return, and the first home (detailing the cost of servants' wages and some furnishings. Sex is not mentioned. The book...
Literary responses B. M. Croker
The Times reviewer wrote that these stories were so good that BMC could be bracketed with Flora Annie Steel in comprehension of native Indian life and character.
“The Times Digital Archive 1785-2007”. Thompson Gale: The Times Digital Archive.
(20 April 1895): 8
Occupation Constance Smedley
Since the Langham Place Group had provided a social space for women in 1860, several organizations had already challenged the flourishing institution of men's clubs. The Lyceum Club came on the scene at a time...
politics Cicely Hamilton
Theatre manager Lena Ashwell , actress Lillah McCarthy , novelist Flora Annie Steel , and journalist Evelyn Sharp were among the many who withheld their taxes.
Whitelaw, Lis. The Life and Rebellious Times of Cicely Hamilton. Women’s Press, 1990.
politics Beatrice Harraden
The Women's Tax Resistance League had been founded on 22 October 1909. Flora Annie Steel was another who had goods distrained at about this time, as Evelyn Sharp had later. In an article in Votes...
politics Henrietta Müller
Having become a householder (at 58 Cadogan Place in south-west London) for the first time the year before,
Pall Mall Gazette. J. K. Sharpe.
5932 (11 March 1884): 2
Müller refused to pay when she received her initial rates bill...
politics Maude Royden
MR supported the Women's Tax Resistance League , established in 1909, which organized suffragists who refused to pay taxes without representation. (Those who wrote later about being pursued for unpaid taxes included Flora Annie Steel
politics May Sinclair
MS was one of twelve Vice-Presidents of the Women Writers' Suffrage League when Flora Annie Steel took over the presidency from Elizabeth Robins .
Boll, Theophilus E. M. Miss May Sinclair: Novelist: A Biographical and Critical Introduction. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1973.
politics Stella Benson
After the First World War broke out in August 1914, SB sided with Flora Annie Steel in a Women Writers' Suffrage League dispute over supporting the war. Benson and Steel believed in supporting the war...
politics May Sinclair
Unlike many suffragists, MS was a decided supporter of the war. With three other women (Jane Ellen Harrison , Flora Annie Steel , and Mary Augusta Ward ) she signed the Authors' Declaration to...


26 June to 5 July 1899
The International Council of Women sponsored the International Congress of Women , a ten-day conference held at Westminster Town Hall in London. Those attending included Susan B. Anthony , Sidney Webb , Josephine Butler