Standard Name: Carpenter, Mary
Used Form: Mary Carpenter of Bristol
Pseudonym: A Prison Matron
Pseudonym: A Worker
, one of the founders of the Ragged Schools movement, was indefatigable in giving papers and publishing articles about her favourite topics: the use of education as a force for positive change, especially in the lives of the poor and of those convicted of crime. Many of her short pieces had a later independent life as pamphlets. She began publishing with a book of religious devotion in 1845, and went on to memoirs of fellow philanthropists, directions for running schools and prisons, and polemic urging more positive action on the part of government.