Charlotte Brontë

Standard Name: Brontë, Charlotte
Birth Name: Charlotte Brontë
Married Name: Mrs Arthur Bell Nicholls
Pseudonym: Currer Bell
Used Form: Charlotte Bronte
CB 's five novels, with their passionate explorations of the dilemmas facing nineteenth-century middle-class English women, have made her perhaps the most loved, imitated, resisted, and hotly debated novelist of the Victorian period.
Etching of Charlotte Brontë after a portrait by George Richmond, 1850. She is seen from the waist up, seated, with one elbow resting on a table, that hand holding a small book and the other on her lap, holding a handkerchief. She wears a flat ribbon round her neck, and a dark dress, buttoned in front, with lace trim on the sleeves and bodice. Her dark, smooth hair is pulled back and tied with a dark ribbon.
"Charlotte Brontë, etching, after 1850" Retrieved from This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Health Emily Brontë
EB apparently had a very independent character. In a famous incident related to Elizabeth Gaskell by Charlotte , Emily tried to help a possibly rabid dog, only to have it bite her. She immediately went...
Intertextuality and Influence Edith Mary Moore
The title-page quotes from Shakespeare (What's past is Prologue) and Cicero (That cannot be said too often which is not yet understood).
Moore, Edith Mary. The Defeat of Woman. C.W. Daniel Co., 1935.
The chapters run from Women and the Struggle...
Intertextuality and Influence Elaine Feinstein
Mirror Talk asks: Is that my mother now behind the glass, looking / dark-eyed and weary, as if doubting / whether I can be trusted to count pills . . . .
Feinstein, Elaine. The Clinic, Memory. Carcanet, 2017.
But not...
Intertextuality and Influence Michèle Roberts
The title story uses mud or muddy almost thirty times. MR writes, as always, as a feminist; these stories occupy a borderline between the self-making of women and their appropriation into patriarchal stories. She enjoys...
Intertextuality and Influence Julia Kavanagh
Two years before Nathalie appeared, JK had told Charlotte Brontë that Jane Eyrehad been to her a suggestive book. Reporting this, Brontë added, and I know that suggestive books are valuable to authors.
Wise, Thomas J., editor. The Brontës. Porcupine Press, 1980.
II: 182
Intertextuality and Influence Barbara Pym
In The Sweet Dove DiedBP deals with male homosexual relationships in connection with problems experienced by single women in their fifties. The name of the central character, Leonora Eyre, suggests Beethoven 's Leonora overtures...
Intertextuality and Influence Michèle Roberts
MR claims to have been astonished when she found she had written a bloody corpse in the opening chapter again!
Newman, Jenny. “Michèle Roberts”. Contemporary British and Irish Fiction, edited by Sharon Monteith, Jenny Newman, and Pat Wheeler, Arnold, 2004, pp. 119 - 34.
The plot concerns two sisters who both love the same man, Adam, a charismatic...
Intertextuality and Influence Penelope Shuttle
The first book that affected PS deeply was Brontë 's Jane Eyre, with whose protagonist she identified.
Steffens, Daneet. “Penelope Shuttle”. Mslexia, No. 33, pp. 46 - 8.
At fifteen she read T. S. Eliot and Emily Dickinson and conceived a wish to be...
Intertextuality and Influence Susan Hill
This novel moves deeper into the spare but striking presentation of childhood cruelty and suffering. Edmund Hooper, whose mother is dead, lives alone with his father in a gloomy and lonely house on the outskirts...
Intertextuality and Influence Phyllis Bentley
PB was deeply influenced by the Brontës , whose home at Haworth was close to where she herself grew up in Halifax. As a daydreaming child she strongly identified with the Brontës ' imaginary worlds...
Intertextuality and Influence John Oliver Hobbes
Pearl Richards (later JOH ) read widely as a child and adolescent, and her parents' liberal views (and considerable fortune) meant that she could pursue her tastes in both the lending libraries and the less...
Intertextuality and Influence E. Nesbit
EN writes more of female sexuality in this novel than anywhere else, using images of imprisonment to express her sense of what it meant to be a woman in a world dominated by men.
Briggs, Julia. A Woman of Passion: The Life of E. Nesbit, 1858-1924. Hutchinson, 1987.
Intertextuality and Influence Julia Kavanagh
Scholars agree that JK 's Nathalie in turn influenced Brontë 's Villette, which was published three years later. Some note a particular resemblance between JK 's Nathalie and Brontë's Lucy Snowe.
Todd, Janet, editor. Dictionary of British Women Writers. Routledge, 1989.
Shirley Foster ...
Intertextuality and Influence Anne Brontë
Critic Elizabeth Langland credits AB 's first novel as one of the first by a woman to tell a humble, domestic story and to discover the techniques by which it could win an audience. The...
Intertextuality and Influence Amy Levy
In this, an early example of the New Woman novel, the orphaned sisters, left poor by their father's extravagance, set out to support themselves by running their own firm; in the end, however, they get...


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