Mary Carpenter

Standard Name: Carpenter, Mary
Used Form: Mary Carpenter of Bristol
Pseudonym: A Prison Matron
Pseudonym: A Worker
MC , one of the founders of the Ragged Schools movement, was indefatigable in giving papers and publishing articles about her favourite topics: the use of education as a force for positive change, especially in the lives of the poor and of those convicted of crime. Many of her short pieces had a later independent life as pamphlets. She began publishing with a book of religious devotion in 1845, and went on to memoirs of fellow philanthropists, directions for running schools and prisons, and polemic urging more positive action on the part of government.
Sepia photo of Mary Carpenter. She wears her grey hair in curls, under a head-band and cap with ear flaps. She has a dark, buttoned bodice with paler sleeves and white collar with a pendant in the centre.
"Mary Carpenter" Retrieved from This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Dedications Frances Power Cobbe
The book was dedicated to Mary Somerville, Mary Carpenter , and Harriet Hosmer , as respectively, The Authoress of The Connection of the Physical Sciences, The Foundress of the First Female Reformatory, and The...
Friends, Associates Frances Power Cobbe
Seeking a purpose in life, she had met her lifelong friend Clementia or Mentia Taylor and other social activists in London. The arrangement with Carpenter was facilitated by her supporter Lady Byron , who...
Friends, Associates Maria Grey
Her work for women's education brought MG into contact with Dorothea Beale , Emily Davies , Mary Carpenter , and Mary Gurney . Her time in Italy brought her other friends, among them the operatic...
Occupation Frances Power Cobbe
FPC began a period of gruelling work with Mary Carpenter in the Ragged Schools movement in an impoverished part of Bristol.
Cobbe, Frances Power. Life of Frances Power Cobbe. Houghton, Mifflin, 1894.
1: 250-2
Occupation Sarah Tytler
As regards the typical feminine curriculum, ST resented the tradition of mandatory music teaching—of the piano—to young women, and the slight to other branches of education in the extravagant favour shown to one branch.
Tytler, Sarah. Three Generations. J. Murray, 1911.
politics Frances Power Cobbe
FPC 's interest in women's rights was born during her work with Mary Carpenter . In her own words, she was chiefly moved by reflection on the sufferings and wrongs borne by women, in great...
Publishing Edith J. Simcox
Much of EJS 's writing was influenced by John Stuart Mill , Jeremy Bentham , and Auguste Comte . She wrote for a range of publications including the Contemporary Review, the North British Review...
Residence Frances Power Cobbe
On returning from her travels, FPC took lodgings with Mary Carpenter in Red Lodge House next to Carpenter's reformatory school in Bristol.
The house stood at the corner of Lodge Street and Lower Park...
Textual Features Caroline Frances Cornwallis
CFC 's article is well researched, drawing on information from Juvenile Delinquents, their Condition and Treatment by Mary Carpenter (one of the judges in the prize competition) and from the Report of the Select Committee...
Textual Features Millicent Garrett Fawcett
Her authors run from Jane Austen and some contemporaries to Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Harriet Martineau . Elizabeth Fry , Mary Carpenter , and Florence Nightingale represent philanthropy, Caroline Herschel and Mary Somerville science, and...
Textual Features Catherine Marsh
After his death, Arthur's widow requested that CM should write a biography of her husband, which she agreed to do.
O’Rorke, Lucy. The Life and Friendships of Catherine Marsh. Longmans, Green & Co., 1917.
CM recounts his boyhood Sunday school attendance, and how the death of his mother...
Textual Production Caroline Frances Cornwallis
This book came out of CFC 's long held sentiment that the current treatment of children needed to be corrected.
Cornwallis, Caroline Frances. Selections from the Letters of Caroline Frances Cornwallis. Power, M. C.Editor , Trübner and Co., 1864.
202, 204-5
The Ragged School Union had been founded in 1844 to promote education for...


The Ragged School Union was founded and began opening schools in the slums of great cities.
June 1876
The Banga Mahila Bidyalaya was opened as the first liberal arts college for women in India.