United Nations


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Employer Joan Aiken
JA 's first job was as a librarian at the UN Information Centre. After that she became features editor on the US pulp fiction magazine Argosy (not to be confused with the British periodical The...
Employer Nawal El Saadawi
She lost these positions in 1972 as a consequence of her second published book, whose Arabic title means Women and Sex. After that NES lectured at universities around the world and both served as...
Employer Bernice Rubens
Only union members were allowed to work in films, so BR worked first for two months as a film cleaner, running a carbon tetrachloride cloth over reels of negative, before she was able to become...
Literary responses Ethel Lilian Voynich
Overall, however, The Gadfly was a success to a degree that not one of ELV 's subsequent novels could achieve.
Garlick, Barbara. Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia. Editor Mitchell, Sally, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1988, p. 837.
She did not learn about its popularity in Europe, especially in the Soviet Union...
politics Dora Russell
A group of women organized by DR and the international Mothers' Committee presented the Mothers' Declaration to the United Nations in New York.
Russell, Dora. The Tamarisk Tree 3 : Challenge to the Cold War. Virago, 1985.
3: 215-16
politics Dora Russell
This was an impetus towards the establishment of the UN 's Commission on the Status of Women . DR was also involved with the United Nations at several other points in her career.
Russell, Dora. The Tamarisk Tree 3 : Challenge to the Cold War. Virago, 1985.
3: 155, 181-2
politics Bernice Rubens
BR 's politics were left-leaning, if not as optimistic as those of her staunchly Socialist father. She had the distinction of having been thrown out of two countries with diametrically opposed oppressive regimes, South Africa...
Textual Features Bernice Rubens
This is a novel almost without women. The job in the title was named after George Ponsonby, a United Nations investigator in Java, who had died by accident, mowed down by an out-of-control tractor...
Textual Production Elspeth Huxley
EH published a 24-page explanatory pamphlet about United Nations terminology for the status of colonies: What are Trustee Nations? in the Background Books series.
British Book News. British Council.
(1955): 1351
Textual Production Bernice Rubens
BR became a maker of documentary films, dealing especially with children's issues; she worked on her films between novels. Valentine Cunningham in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography singles out for mention her Dear Mum...
Theme or Topic Treated in Text Elspeth Huxley
She explained the nature of UN Trusteeship, a programme first established by the Permanent Mandates Commission of the League of Nations from which it sprang.
Theme or Topic Treated in Text Dervla Murphy
The account of Laos (titled from the fact that the traveller sustained damage to a foot) is another outright political pamphlet.DM writes here of a people and a culture which delighted her, but which...
Travel Nawal El Saadawi
Earlier international travel by NES included her participation in the UN global conference for women at Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1980 and a conference on censorship at London in 1985.
Blain, Virginia, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford, 1990.
Travel Bernice Rubens
Later came her exciting and stressful, work-related travels. She visited to Indonesia on behalf of the United Nations, where she moved out of the hotel room booked for her to live in a village. She...
Travel Bernice Rubens
BR 's travels as a filmmaker have already been mentioned, from her visit to Java while working on a 1969 documentary on agriculture for the United Nations .
Halio, Jay L., editor. Dictionary of Literary Biography 14. Gale Research, 1982–1983.
She went on a visit to...


Weavers at Fenwick in Scotland formed the first documented co-operative society, foreshadowing a significant movement, celebrated by the UN by designating 2012 the International Year of Co-operatives.
Ellwood, Wayne. “Co-ops offer a far better way to organize economic activity”. CCPA Monitor, Vol.
, No. 4, pp. 8-10.
8, 9
August-October 1944
Representatives of the UK, the United States, China, and the Soviet Union met at the estate of Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC, to map the outlines of the proposed United Nations .
4-11 February 1945
At the Yalta Conference, Stalin , Roosevelt , and Churchill decided on principles that would shape the world after the end of the Second World War.
26 June 1945
The United Nations Charter was signed in the opera house in San Francisco, by delegates of fifty nations. Poland joined between now and the official birth of the UN on 24 October, making fifty-one...
6 August 1945
The US dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima: by early twenty-first century the best estimate of those killed on the spot stood at approaching 140,000 people, plus many thousands more with obvious, serious injury.
24 October 1945
The United Nations officially came into existence with fifty-one member nations.
29 November 1947
The United Nations passed a resolution which called for the partition of Palestine into two different national entities, one Arab and one Jewish, with Jerusalem to become a city under international rule.
14 May 1948
The UK terminated its mandate in Palestine, and Israel proclaimed itself an independent state. The following day, armies from five Arab states (Transjordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria) invaded Palestine.
9 December 1948
The Genocide Convention was approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations , taking the simple form of a call to all states to prevent and to punish genocide.
10 December 1948
The United Nations , meeting in Paris, adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the brainchild of Eleanor Roosevelt and others.
25 June 1950
North Korea's attack on South Korea began the Korean War.
Golda Meir was appointed Israel's Minister of Foreign Affairs. She served as Israel's delegate to the United Nations from 1956 to 1966.
Early 1957
Israel moved out of the Sinai peninsula, and the United Nations sent in its first Emergency Force to demilitarize the area and keep the peace.
31 March 1959
The Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala in India after an unsuccessful rising in Tibet against Chinese rule.
December 1960
A United Nations resolution called for independence for existing European colonies.


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