PLACE is a core tag globally available, the largest bucket holding together the sub-elements defining location. It must enclose every set or nest of more specific tags signifying place: GEOG, REGION, SETTLEMENT, etc., where it structures information about geographical location. All content information --- i.e. the names of places -- is placed inside its sub-elements. Place does allow free prose which can be used for untagged descriptors like 'near' or 'the tiny village of' and to enter punctuation.
Locating events and people is a priority of our Project. By indicating where events occurred, we will be able to bring together people and places, and to uncover geographical connections between writers as yet undiscovered.
There are two main goals for tagging place: mapping and indexing. We hope automatically to provide our users with maps of literary history. For example, by using the places tagged with biography documents, we might generate a map for each woman writer's life which places her in specific places at specific dates. We also hope to allow users to see a map of events for a particular year which would bring together geographical information from all Project schemas. In order to automate mapping, it is crucial that we provide place information in a structured and recognizable way. In addition to mapping, we want to provide a user with an index of places, for instance of all women writers who lived in Bloomsbury or all events which took place in Bath.
While we prioritize the tagging of place, not all places require tagging. We hope to enhance our geographical information by context-specific tagging. For example, by tagging only places where events occurred in the material of a CHRONSTRUCT rather than all places mentioned in the prose, we will be able to map that event to the place tagged.
PLACE is available within most elements which contain prose. It has the following content sub-elements which divide PLACE into smaller units: PLACENAME, ADDRESS, SETTLEMENT, REGION, and GEOG, with AREA hopefully to follow.