Standard Name: Bryher
Birth Name: Annie Winifred Ellerman
Self-constructed Name: Bryher
Indexed Name: A. W. Ellerman
Indexed Name: Winifred Bryher
Indexed Name: W. Bryher
Nickname: Dolly
Nickname: Boy
In considering the paucity of credit given to Bryher for her patronage of the influential Contact Press , critic Jayne Marek describes her as an invisible woman.
Marek, Jayne E. Women Editing Modernism: "Little" Magazines & Literary History. University Press of Kentucky.
Bryher is even less recognized as a writer than a patron: most of her texts are now out of print and have received little critical attention. Her novels, poems, memoirs, and criticism, together spanning much of the twentieth century, form a significant contribution to the development of Anglo-American modernism, particularly through their French and Imagist influences, and their explorations of topics including women's education, gender mutability, psychoanalysis, and film technology.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation H. D.
Of these two companions, Bryher identified herself as lesbian while HD did not. Some commentators, such as Janice Robinson , have described the relationship between them as a lesbian marriage, although both took measures to...
Dedications H. D.
H. D. published with the Egoist Press her poetry volume Hymen, dedicated to her lover Bryher and her daughter, Perdita .
Boughn, Michael. H.D.: A Bibliography 1905-1990. University Press of Virginia.
Dedications H. D.
She dedicated this section to Bryher and Robert Herring , but the second part, written about eighteen months later (following her postwar nervous breakdown) and titled The Guest, to Bryher alone.
Friedman, Susan Stanford. “’Remembering Shakespeare Always, But Remembering Him Differently’: H.D.’s By Avon River”. Sagetrieb, Vol.
, No. 2, pp. 45-70.
46-7, 53
Dedications Lettice Cooper
LC dedicated to her fellow novelist Bryher her novel Late in the Afternoon, set in Tuscany, London, and an industrial town in northern England.
British Library Catalogue.
Dedications Margiad Evans
She wrote this book, at least the later parts of it, while she was actually going through the bodily experiences—epilepsy, pregnancy—that it describes.
Evans, Margiad. A Ray of Darkness. Arthur Barker.
129, 133
The dedication reads: This manuscript is hopefully and precociously dedicated...
Education Marianne Moore
MM attended the Metzger Institute, the private girls' school where her mother was a teacher,
Moore, Marianne. The Selected Letters of Marianne Moore. Editors Costello, Bonnie et al., Knopf.
then took her BA in 1908 at a women's college, Bryn Mawr in Pennsylvania. She followed that with...
Family and Intimate relationships H. D.
It is now generally accepted among HD's biographers and critics that Cecil Gray had fathered the child. HD informed her Richard Aldington , her husband, of her pregnancy while he was still on active duty...
Family and Intimate relationships H. D.
The couple had been estranged since 1918, and separated since April 1919. The idea of divorce had first been mentioned in 1927, when Aldington hoped to marry Brigit Patmore , but had been quickly dropped...
Family and Intimate relationships H. D.
H. D. and Bryher had their first meeting over tea at HD's wartime home in Cornwall.
“Dictionary of Literary Biography online”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Center-LRC.
Aldington, Richard, and H. D. “Introduction and Commentary”. Richard Aldington and H.D.: The Early Years in Letters, edited by Caroline Zilboorg, Indiana University Press, p. Various pages.
Friends, Associates Sylvia Beach
Friends and patrons Dorothy Richardson and Bryher were tireless in recruiting women subscribers to sustain Shakespeare and Company .
Fitch, Noel Riley. Sylvia Beach and the Lost Generation: A History of Literary Paris in the Twenties and Thirties. W. W. Norton.
Friends, Associates Mary Butts
In Paris in the 1920s MB engaged with other modernist writers and literary people, including James Joyce , Djuna Barnes , Robert McAlmon , Ford Madox Ford , Bryher , Peggy Guggenheim , Ethel Colburn Mayne
Friends, Associates Ivy Compton-Burnett
The shifting, erratic, oddly mixed wartime social scene
Spurling, Hilary. Secrets of a Woman’s Heart. Hodder and Stoughton.
enabled ICB to become more outgoing, and she established friendships with H. D. , Bryher , and Una Pope-Hennessy . She called HD Mrs Aldington...
Friends, Associates Edith Sitwell
In Paris ES frequented Sylvia Beach 's bookshop. She saw more than before of Gertrude Stein , whom she liked for her personal qualities but called the last writer whom any other writer in the...
Friends, Associates H. D.
In the 1920s, while HD and Bryher were living rootlessly, sometimes in London, sometimes in Europe, HD's list of acquaintances grew to include Gertrude Stein , Alice B. Toklas , Ernest Hemingway , James Joyce
Friends, Associates Margiad Evans
Though a lover of solitude, ME was also sociable. She made lifelong friendships on her stay in Brittany at the age of seventeen. While staying with Mrs Lloyd-Jones she met Professor Ifor Williams and his...


July 1927: Close up. Devoted to the Art of Film began...

Writing climate item

July 1927

Close up. Devoted to the Art of Film began monthly publication in Territet near Montreux, Switzerland.

December 1933: Close up. Devoted to the Art of Films, edited...

Writing climate item

December 1933

Close up. Devoted to the Art of Films, edited by Kenneth Macpherson and Bryher , ceased publication.

September 1935: Life and Letters To-Day, edited by Robert...

Writing climate item

September 1935

Life and Letters To-Day, edited by Robert Herring and Bryher , produced its first quarterly issue in London.

1950: Life and Letters To-day, edited by Robert...

Writing climate item


Life and Letters To-day, edited by Robert Herring and Bryher , ceased publication in London.


Bryher,. Amy Lowell: A Critical Appreciation. Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1918.
Bryher,. Arrow Music. J. E. Bumpus, 1922.
Bryher,. Beowulf. Pantheon, 1956.
Bryher, and Amy Lowell. Bryher: Two Novels: Development; and, Two Selves. Editor Winning, Joanne, University of Wisconsin Press, 2000.
Bryher,. Civilians. Pool, 1927.
Bryher,. Development. Constable, 1920.
Bryher,. “Hellenics”. Poetry, A Magazine of Verse, Vol.
, No. 3, pp. 136-7.
Sitwell, Edith, and Bryher. “Introduction”. The Fourteenth of October, Collins, 1954, pp. 3-5.
Bryher,. “Introduction”. Bryher: Two Novels: Development; and, Two Selves, edited by Joanne Winning, University of Wisconsin Press, 2000, p. v - xli.
Valéry, Paul, and Paul Valéry. “Literature”. Life and Letters Today, edited by Bryher, translated by. Sylvia Beach.
Bryher,. Paris 1900. Translators Beach, Sylvia and Adrienne Monnier, Maison des amis des livres, 1938.
Lowell, Amy, and Bryher. “Preface”. Development, Macmillan, 1920, p. ix - xvi.
Bryher,. Region of Lutany. Chapman and Hall, 1914.
Bryher,. The Days of Mars. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1972.
Bryher, and Edith Sitwell. The Fourteenth of October. Pantheon, 1952.
Bryher,. The Heart to Artemis. Harcourt, Brace and World, 1962.
Bryher,. The Heart to Artemis: A Writer’s Memoirs. Collins, 1963.
Bion,. The Lament for Adonis. Translator Bryher, A. L. Humphreys, 1918.
Bryher,. Two Selves. Contact Press, 1923.
Bryher,. West. Jonathan Cape, 1925.
Bryher,. “What Shall You Do in the War?”. Close Up, 1927-1933: Cinema and Modernism, edited by James Donald et al., Princeton University Press, 1998, pp. 306-9.