H. D.

Standard Name: H. D.
Used Form: Hilda Doolittle
Birth Name: Hilda Doolittle
Married Name: Hilda Aldington
Self-constructed Name: H. D.
Pseudonym: John Helforth
Pseudonym: Edith Gray
Pseudonym: Helga Dorn
Pseudonym: J. Beran
Pseudonym: Rhoda Peter
Pseudonym: Helga Dart
Pseudonym: Delia Alton
Nickname: Dryad
Nickname: Dooley
Nickname: Astraea
HD, born American, who took British nationality after a marriage which lasted longer on paper than in practice, was a key figure in the international Imagist movement of the early twentieth century and in modernism more broadly: both through her own poetry and through her editing and dissemination of the work of others. As well as her imagistic pieces, she wrote complex longer poems (most published during her lifetime), translation, essays, reviews, outlines for films, and autobiographical novels which are, like most of her work, explorations of the self. Here she writes à clef of her own past, but also builds a web of mythical and psycho-analytical reference which makes her texts dense as well as rewarding. She is an explorer of the female psyche, and of the relation of gender to creativity and of myth to psychoanalysis.
Black-and-white photo of H.D. posing, looking off-camera and leaning against a wall with her hands in her pockets. Her hair is styled in a            page-boy cut.
"H. D." by Bettmann/Contributor, 1900-01-02. Retrieved from https://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/news-photo/hilda-doolittle-was-a-literary-poet-and-exponent-of-imagism-news-photo/515359940. This image is licensed under the GETTY IMAGES CONTENT LICENCE AGREEMENT.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Bryher
From an early age, she fostered relationships with such innovative contemporaries as H. D. , Dorothy Richardson , Sylvia Beach , and Marianne Moore . In her life writings, Bryher places most importance on her...
Cultural formation Bryher
Bryher writes that besides cross-dressing, other favourite topics of discussion between herself and Ellis included birth control, which she argued was far more important to women than votes.
Bryher,. The Heart to Artemis: A Writer’s Memoirs. Collins, 1963.
By this time she had read...
death May Sinclair
She was cremated after her funeral on 18 November at the chapel in Golders Green Cemetery. Her ashes were buried in Hampstead churchyard.
Boll, Theophilus E. M. Miss May Sinclair: Novelist: A Biographical and Critical Introduction. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1973.
In a will made almost thirty years before she died...
Education Marianne Moore
MM attended the Metzger Institute, the private girls' school where her mother was a teacher,
Moore, Marianne. The Selected Letters of Marianne Moore. Costello, Bonnie, Celeste Goodridge, and Cristanne MillerEditors , Knopf, 1997.
then took her BA in 1908 at a women's college, Bryn Mawr in Pennsylvania. She followed that with...
Family and Intimate relationships Ezra Pound
From his teens (in 1901) until 1911, EP had an on-again, off-again relationship with poet H. D. , who remained a close friend until Pound's involvement with fascism in the early 1930s alienated her. A...
Family and Intimate relationships Bryher
Following H. D. 's request, Bryher and Kenneth Macpherson adopted H. D. 's daughter Perdita (later Schaffner) .
Aldington, Richard, and H. D. “Introduction and Commentary”. Richard Aldington and H.D.: The Later Years in Letters, edited by Caroline Zilboorg, Manchester University Press, 1995, pp. 1 - 14; various pages.
2: 18
Family and Intimate relationships Sappho
Since the late 1890s Sappho has been claimed by many lesbian writers, including Michael Field , H. D. , and Judy Grahn , not only as a writing role model but as a crucial forerunner...
Family and Intimate relationships Bryher
In her first memoir, Bryher includes an evocative account of the meeting: [t]he door opened and I started in surprise. I had seen the face before, on a Greek statue or in some indefinable territory...
Family and Intimate relationships Bryher
During most of the intervening years, they worked, travelled, and lived together, sharing such intimate tasks as the raising of H. D. 's daughter Perdita , who referred to them as my two mothers...
Family and Intimate relationships Bryher
Following Amy Lowell 's suggestion, Bryher read and was profoundly impressed by H. D. 's poetry collection Sea Garden, 1916. In July, Bryher wrote H. D. an appreciative letter that prompted their first meeting.
Bryher,. The Heart to Artemis: A Writer’s Memoirs. Collins, 1963.
Hanscombe, Gillian, and Virginia L. Smyers. Writing for Their Lives: The Modernist Women, 1910-1940. Women’s Press, 1987.
Family and Intimate relationships Bryher
At the start of their platonic marriage, Macpherson lived with Bryher, H. D. , and H. D.'s daughter Perdita , at Territet. H. D. and Macpherson had been lovers since 1926.
Quartermain, Peter, editor. Dictionary of Literary Biography 45. Gale Research, 1986.
Perdita Schaffner...
Friends, Associates Bryher
Bryher and sexologist Havelock Ellis began a twenty-year association. This was encouraged by H. D. , who knew of their mutual interest in depictions of cross-dressing women in Elizabethan drama.
Collecott, Diana. H.D. and Sapphic Modernism, 1910-1950. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
67 and n68
Bryher,. The Heart to Artemis: A Writer’s Memoirs. Collins, 1963.
Friends, Associates Gertrude Stein
Over the years, the old crowd had begun to disperse and the Saturday evening salons were frequented more by writers and less by artists. Although GS had published only a few volumes and had often...
Friends, Associates Bryher
The same year Bryher provided emotional and financial support for H. D. when the latter suffered a breakdown and entered a Swiss clinic.
Quartermain, Peter, editor. Dictionary of Literary Biography 45. Gale Research, 1986.
After this, though their lives remained closely linked, Bryher lived largely alone.
Friends, Associates Nina Hamnett
The following year NH met Anna Wickham , who took her in when she had flu, with a dangerously high temperature, and did not want to go back to her family. At that time NH


July 1927
Close up. Devoted to the Art of Film began monthly publication in Territet near Montreux, Switzerland.
Early 1936
The Faber Book of Modern Verse, edited by Michael Roberts (who was put forward for this task by T. S. Eliot ), set out to define the modern movement, not just chronologically but according...