Napoleon III, Emperor of France

Standard Name: Napoleon III,, Emperor of France
Used Form: Napoléon III
Used Form: Louis-Napoleon
Used Form: Louis Napoleon Bonaparte

Connections

Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Family and Intimate relationships Ouida
Ouida 's father, Louis Ramé —he was originally from France—had moved in the 1830s to Bury St Edmunds, where he taught French intermittently. He was rumoured, though without conclusive evidence, to have been a...
Family and Intimate relationships Florence Dixie
The widowed mother of Lady Florence Douglas (later FD ) converted to Roman Catholicism and fled to Paris (and to the protection of the French Emperor ) with her younger children, lest their guardians should...
Friends, Associates Marguerite Gardiner, Countess of Blessington
To her many friends and visitors Lady Blessington soon added the exiled Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte , John Forster , and in the early 1840s, Charles Dickens .
Molloy, Joseph Fitzgerald. The Most Gorgeous Lady Blessington. Downey, 1896.
340-1, 376, 419-0
After Louis Napoleon's escape...
Friends, Associates Camilla Crosland
Her work for the annuals led to her connection with Lady Blessington and her niece Marguerite Power . Despite the disapproval of other friends she was a regular visitor to Blessington's home, Gore House...
Friends, Associates Lucie Duff Gordon
While they were in Paris their visitors included philosopher and politician Victor Cousin , writers Alfred de Vigny , Jules Barthélemy Saint Hilaire , and Léon de Wailly , Positivist philosopher Auguste Comte , and...
Health Harriet Hamilton King
She writes that her health suffered greatly from dwelling so intensely on such a painful topic; and I had the sensation strongly that I was being dragged down to the grave by Orsini , to...
Literary responses Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Critics were divided about the success of the poem, as was perhaps to be expected given EBB 's passionate embrace of Italian nationalism and her criticism of British foreign policy. The Guardian called it an...
Literary responses Jessie White Mario
After the inaugural lecture, the New York Herald called her words very chaste and poetical and her enunciation clear and distinct.
Daniels, Elizabeth Adams. Jessie White Mario: Risorgimento Revolutionary. Ohio University Press, 1972.
75
When her thoughts turned to the Italian struggle, her brilliant eyes flashed like...
Literary Setting Harriet Martineau
Certainly the plot drags, the characterisation is wooden, and the book is weighed down by ponderous speeches. In the opening domestic scene, Toussaint's son is helped to read the word Epictetus on the spine of...
Literary Setting Mary Elizabeth Braddon
Ishmael is set in Brittany and Paris, mainly between 1850 and 1867, during the reign of Louis Napoleon . The title character is the son of a Breton aristocrat, despised by his father on...
Literary Setting Elizabeth Barrett Browning
The volume revolves around the events in Italy surrounding Napoleon III 's betrayal, in the treaty of Villafranca in July 1859, of allies in the Italian nationalist cause against Austria, but earlier poems are also...
Literary Setting Harriet Hamilton King
The first part of the collection concerns Giuseppe Garibaldi , Felice Orsini (whose assassination attempt on Napoleon III it defends), and the cause the author herself had fervently embraced: that of Italian nationalism.
Miles, Alfred H., editor. The Poets and the Poetry of the Nineteenth Century. AMS Press, 1967.
82
King, Harriet Hamilton. Aspromonte and Other Poems. Macmillan, 1869.
vii
politics Mary Russell Mitford
In politics MRM was known as a Foxite: that is, she supported the Whigs under Charles James Fox , the more progressive opposition to the government. On 17 June 1814 she attended an Abolitionist meeting...
politics George Sand
GS met with Louis Napoléon to plead successfully for the release of political prisoners captured during his coup d'état.
Jack, Belinda. George Sand: A Woman’s Life Writ Large. Vintage, 2001.
324-6
politics Florence Dixie
In her autobiographical novel The Story of Ijain, FD relates her awakening to the cruelty of power when in France she witnessed the ceremony of degradation, before a jeering crowd, of a soldier...

Timeline

10 December 1848
By an overwhelming majority, the French elected Louis Napoleon (the nephew of the Emperor) under the slogan No more taxes, down with the rich, down with the Republic, long live the Emperor.
Hobsbawm, Eric John. The Age of Capital 1848-1875. Abacus, 1975.
40
2 December 1851
A coup d'état by Louis Napoleon abolished the Republic of France.
1 December 1852
After a year as President of France, Louis Napoleon proclaimed the Second Empire, becoming Emperor Napoleon III.
January 1853
Napoleon III married Eugénie de Montijo , daughter of a Spanish nobleman.
January 1853
Following Napoleon III 's marriage to Eugénie de Montijo , English female hairstyles followed the fashionable French example.
27 February 1854
Napoleon III and the British government jointly sent an ultimatum to Russia requiring the withdrawal of Russian forces from the Danubian Principalities.
1855
When Napoleon III and his wife, the Empress Eugénie , visited Queen Victoria , Eugénie brought the first crinoline to England with her.
January 1858
In an unsuccessful assassination attempt, Felice Orsini , a follower of Mazzini , threw a bomb at the carriage of Napoleon III and Eugénie as they made their way to the Opera House in Paris.
July 1858
Napoleon III and Cavour met secretly at Plombières in the Vosges to plot war against Austria.
July 1859
Napoleon III of France and Francis Joseph of Austria signed the Treaty of Villafranca.
1867
English and French proposals for an English Channel tunnel were submitted to Napoleon III .
19 July 1870
Napoleon III declared war on Prussia, initiating the Franco-Prussian War.
31 August 1870
In the course of the Franco-Prussian war, Napoleon III was captured at Sedan; the establishment of the Third Republic followed in France.
4 September 1870
When a Paris mob proclaimed the Third Republic, the Legislative Chamber of France established a provisional Government of National Defence.
20 September 1870
The Italian army entered Rome; on 2 October the army declared Rome the capital of the newly unified kingdom of Italy.