Henrik Ibsen

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The plays of Henrik Ibsen , nineteenth-century Norwegian poet and dramatist, were both controversial and enormously influential in Britain; their use of realist techniques to address contemporary social problems helped to bring about a revolution in English drama. Elizabeth Robins and Florence Farr played important roles in getting his plays staged in England, and Robins interpreted his characters on stage. After the 1889 production of A Doll's House in London, British feminists claimed Ibsen as an ally, and his name became closely associated with New Woman writers such as George Egerton and Mona Caird . Githa Sowerby and Elizabeth Baker were among the many dramatists influenced by his work.

Milestones

20 March 1828
Playwright HI was born at Skien in southern Norway, a town that dates back to Viking times.
Bullock, Alan, Robert Bertram Woodings, and John Cummings, editors. Fontana Biographical Companion to Modern Thought. Collins, 1983.
352
McFarlane, James, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
xix
12 April 1850
HI had his first play, Catiline, privately published under the pseudonym Brynjolf Bjarme, with the title Catilina, Drama i tre acter.
McFarlane, James, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
xiv
“Contemporary Authors”. Gale Databases: Literature Resource Centre-LRC.
1867
HI published in Copenhagen his poetic drama Peer Gynt. It was first produced on 24 February 1876 at the Christiania Theatre in Oslo with music composed by Edvard Grieg .
Drabble, Margaret, editor. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. Oxford University Press, 1985.
Hawkins-Dady, Mark, Leanda Shrimpton, David Pickering, and Judith M. Kass, editors. International Dictionary of Theatre. St James Press, 1996.
I: 584
21 December 1879
HI 's A Doll's House, a controversial play which portrays marriage as stifling to its female protagonist, Nora, premiered at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen as Et dukkehjem.
Hawkins-Dady, Mark, Leanda Shrimpton, David Pickering, and Judith M. Kass, editors. International Dictionary of Theatre. St James Press, 1996.
I: 191
McFarlane, James, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
xxi
15 January 1886
HI 's A Doll's House received a private reading at the home of Eleanor Marx and Edward Aveling in Bloomsbury, London.
Durbach, Errol. “A century of Ibsen criticism”. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen, edited by James McFarlane and James McFarlane, Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp. 233 - 51.
233
7 June 1889
The first public English production of HI 's play A Doll's House opened at the Novelty Theatre in London, causing a sensation among forward-looking women.
Hawkins-Dady, Mark, Leanda Shrimpton, David Pickering, and Judith M. Kass, editors. International Dictionary of Theatre. St James Press, 1996.
I: 191
McFarlane, James, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
xix, xxi
19 December 1899
HI published his final play, When We Dead Awaken, under the title Når vi døde vågner.
McFarlane, James, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
xx, xxv-xxvi
23 May 1906
HI , dramatist, died at Christiania in Norway.
Bullock, Alan, Robert Bertram Woodings, and John Cummings, editors. Fontana Biographical Companion to Modern Thought. Collins, 1983.
352
McFarlane, James, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
xx

Biography

Birth

20 March 1828
Playwright HI was born at Skien in southern Norway, a town that dates back to Viking times.
Bullock, Alan, Robert Bertram Woodings, and John Cummings, editors. Fontana Biographical Companion to Modern Thought. Collins, 1983.
352
McFarlane, James, editor. The Cambridge Companion to Ibsen. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
xix