Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
Standard Name: Phelps, Elizabeth Stuart
Birth Name: Mary Gray Phelps
Self-constructed Name: Elizabeth Stuart
Pseudonym: Mary Adams
Married Name: Mary Gray Ward
In a prolific output filling the latter part of the nineteenth century, United States authorexplored a range of interests in her more than fifty fiction and non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine stories, essays, plays, and poems—on topics ranging from women's rights, antivivisection, and temperance, to religion, homeopathy, and the afterlife. In recent years, literary scholars have re-examined and illuminated her consistent and persistent efforts to challenge female stereotypes and to advance the role of women, mainly through her fiction writing.