George Sand

Standard Name: Sand, George
Birth Name: Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin
Married Name: Amantine Aurore Lucile Dudevant
Pseudonym: George Sand
French writer George Sand (Aurore Dudevant) wrote over one hundred novels and plays. Her correspondence fills twenty-five volumes. She averaged two novels a year after 1831. British writers including Elizabeth Barrett Browning and George Eliot were strongly influenced by her writing, and her notorious life became one of the benchmarks by which women writers were judged.
Jordan, Ruth. George Sand: A Biographical Portrait. Taplinger, 1976.
Black and white photograph of George Sand by Nadar, 1864. She is seated, wearing a broad skirt and matching poncho top in thin stripes dress with a dark blouse underneath, a tassel on a long string around her neck, and dangling earrings. Her dark hair, greying a little along the centre parting, is jaw-length and curly.
"George Sand" Retrieved from,_1864.jpg. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication license. This work is in the public domain.


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Cultural formation Matilda Hays
MH wore unconventional clothes, a half cross-dressing likely inspired by George Sand , which attracted frequent comment. She dressed like a man from the waist up, wearing tight, lapeled bodices, handsome waistcoats, and elegant bow...
Dedications Matilda Hays
MH published in New YorkFadette, A Domestic Story from the French, her translation of George Sand 's novel, with a dedication to Charlotte Cushman , True Artist and Yet Truer Woman ....
Education Matilda Hays
As is evident from her later translations of George Sand , she was fluent in French.
Blain, Virginia, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy, editors. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. Yale University Press; Batsford, 1990.
Education Jessie Fothergill
She acquired much knowledge through her voracious consumption of books: I loved books, and read all that I could get hold of, and have had many a rebuke for poring over those books instead of...
Education Edith J. Simcox
Soundly educated, EJS acquired a good knowledge of French and German at school, where she considered herself outrageously defiant and disobedient.
McKenzie, Keith Alexander, and Gordon S. Haight. Edith Simcox and George Eliot. Oxford University Press, 1961.
She belonged emphatically to George Sand 's class of diables and was generally...
Family and Intimate relationships Mary Taylor
MT 's father, Joshua Taylor , came from a wool-trading family based in the West Riding of Yorkshire; he often travelled to the Continent on business and was fluent in French and Italian. He...
Family and Intimate relationships Mary Augusta Ward
MAW 's father, Thomas Arnold , was the second son and namesake of the eminent Victorian headmaster Thomas Arnold. Matthew Arnold was his elder brother.
Sutherland, John. Mrs. Humphry Ward. Clarendon Press, 1990.
Prodigally gifted,
Sutherland, John. Mrs. Humphry Ward. Clarendon Press, 1990.
Thomas Arnold lived a life...
Family and Intimate relationships Rose Allatini
Scott believed that he and Allatini were continuing a relationship begun in an earlier life in which neither of us was English . . . Rose was an authoress and I a composer and had...
Friends, Associates Sarah Lewis
SL was a friend of Adelaide Ristori (an Italian tragedy actress who married into the nobility and achieved an international reputation) and of novelists Alexandre Dumas the younger , and George Sand , among others...
Friends, Associates Susan Tweedsmuir
When ST 's parents and Leslie Stephen tried to nurture a childhood friendship between Susan, Vanessa (later Bell), and Virginia (later Woolf), the relationship never took root. As an adult, however (having admired Woolf's early...
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Barrett Browning
EBB visited George Sand (whom she had long admired) at her home in Paris.
Taplin, Gardner B. The Life of Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Yale University Press, 1957.
Forster, Margaret. Elizabeth Barrett Browning: A Biography. Grafton, 1990.
Friends, Associates Violet Hunt
VH greatly admired West , and used their interaction as a spring board from which she delved into issues about women and writing. In 1926, for instance, she compared West physically and intellectually to George Sand
Friends, Associates Elizabeth Barrett Browning
This friendship was for EBB the major event of this winter; she found the fact that Fuller had known George Sand a strong inducement to visit Paris.
Forster, Margaret. Elizabeth Barrett Browning: A Biography. Grafton, 1990.
Friends, Associates Margaret Fuller
Her travels in England introduced her to Mary Howitt and Thomas Carlyle , and she visited her old acquaintance Harriet Martineau . In Paris she had significant meetings with George Sand and the Polish poet...
Friends, Associates Bessie Rayner Parkes
BRP knew personally and corresponded with many of the Victorian intelligentsia. In addition to her Langham Place associates already mentioned, her literary friends and acquaintances included Matilda Hays , Harriet Martineau , Anthony Trollope ,...


11 December 1859
Frenchwoman Angélina Lemoine was acquitted of the murder of her newborn infant.
April 1860
As Owen Meredith, Edward Robert Bulwer Lytton published his successful verse novelLucile.
By 14 July 1883
Bertha Thomas contributed a biography of George Sand to the Eminent Women series.