Fredrika Bremer

Standard Name: Bremer, Fredrika


Connections Sort descending Author name Excerpt
Family and Intimate relationships Mary Howitt
She was educated mostly abroad, and as a young woman travelled through Egypt, Palestine, and Greece preparatory to writing a biography of Fredrika Bremer . She converted to Catholicism well before her mother. After living...
Fictionalization Harriet Martineau
Mary Russell Mitford wrote disapprovingly of HM 's claims: I see no good in these experiments.
Mitford, Mary Russell. The Life of Mary Russell Mitford: Told by Herself in Letters To Her Friends. Editor L’Estrange, Alfred Guy Kingham, Harper and Brothers.
2: 281
Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna 's pamphlet Mesmerism: A Letter to Miss Martineau, argued that if the account...
Friends, Associates Selina Bunbury
During the winter she spent in Sweden she found herself housebound following a sledding accident. She was visited daily at this time by the well-known Swedish novelist Fredrika Bremer .
Athenæum. J. Lection.
1346 (1853): 960
Bunbury, Selina. Life in Sweden. Hurst and Blackett.
2: 260
Friends, Associates Anna Swanwick
Other friends mentioned by her niece and biographer were Fredrika Bremer , Anna Brownell Jameson , Frances Power Cobbe , Thomas Carlyle , George MacDonald , Lady Eastlake , Elizabeth Rundle Charles , Lady Martin
Friends, Associates Harriet Martineau
HM 's social circle vastly expanded at this time until she knew virtually all the prominent people, particularly the political men, of her day. As she recorded in her Autobiography, however, she refused to...
Friends, Associates Catharine Maria Sedgwick
Closest to CMS were her siblings and their spouses, several of whom were also published authors. The Sedgwick family and Fanny Kemble were apparently the inner circle of the literary scene in the Berkshires,...
Intertextuality and Influence Dinah Mulock Craik
Sally Mitchell compares The Head of the Family to the large-cast family story
Mitchell, Sally. Dinah Mulock Craik. Twayne.
written by Edward Bulwer-Lytton , or by Fredrika Bremer as recently translated by Mary Howitt .
Intertextuality and Influence Matilda Hays
Woven into the novel is considerable commentary on the art, music, and literary productions of the day. Quotations are given from or allusions made to a wide range of authors including Tennyson , Longfellow (used...
Literary responses Henrietta Camilla Jenkin
The Athenæum praised The Smiths highly, calling it one of the best Novels we have had since the publication of Fredrika Bremer 's Home.
Retz, Paul de Gondi de. Cardinal de Retz. Translator Jenkin, Henrietta Camilla, T. C. Newby.
1: end page
Publishing Angela Thirkell
In 1930, once she was back in England, she found she could earn her living by journalism for Punch and the Fortnightly Review. She was attuned to writing by women from an early stage...
Publishing Mary Howitt
Fredrika Bremer contributed a laudatory preface for the German translations of both Work and Wages and Love and Money.
Woodring, Carl Ray. Victorian Samplers: William and Mary Howitt. University of Kansas Press.
Reception Elizabeth Gaskell
Around the time of Ruth's appearance, Swedish novelist and feminist Fredrika Bremer (who was probably introduced to EG by William and Mary Howitt ) wrote: Dear Elizabeth, dear sister in spirit, if I may...
Textual Production Elizabeth Gaskell
The idea of self-improvement through writing and reading correlates to the strong emphasis in EG 's fiction on education and the impact of environment. This was undoubtedly influenced by a Unitarian intellectual background indebted to...
Textual Production Mary Howitt
The Neighbours, the first of MH 's translations of the much-admired Swedish writer Fredrika Bremer appeared; The President's Daughters; including Nina came out the following year.
“Melvyl Catalogue of the University of California Libraries”. California Digital Library (CDL).
OCLC WorldCat. Accessed 1999.
British Library Catalogue.
Dunicliff, Joy. Mary Howitt: Another Lost Victorian Writer. Excalibur Press of London.
Textual Production Mary Howitt
This venture seems to have sprung from William's brief, financially damaging involvement in The People's Journal, 1846-8, whose chaotic business practices were a serious handicap to its programme for rendering workers prudent, sober, independent...


17 August 1801: Fredrika Bremer, author and women's rights...

Writing climate item

17 August 1801

Fredrika Bremer , author and women's rights activist, was born in Åbo (now Turku), Finland, then a part of Sweden.

1837: Fredrika Bremer published her domestic novel...

Writing climate item


Fredrika Bremer published her domestic novelGrannarne, translated into English in 1842 as Neighbours.

1839: Hemmet, one of Fredrika Bremer's best-known...

Writing climate item


Hemmet, one of Fredrika Bremer 's best-known domesticnovels, appeared; it was translated into English in 1843 by Mary Howitt as The Home, or Family Cares and Family Joys.

1856: Fredrika Bremer's feminist novel Hertha stressed...

Writing climate item


Fredrika Bremer 's feminist novelHertha stressed the need for women's independence; it appeared in an English translation by Mary Howitt the same year.

1864: Famous Girls who have become Illustrious...

Writing climate item


Famous Girls who have become Illustrious Women: Forming Models for Imitation by the Young Women of England, a very popular book of biographical sketches by John M. Darton , was published.

31 December 1865: Fredrika Bremer, author and activist for...

Writing climate item

31 December 1865

Fredrika Bremer , author and activist for women's rights, died in Årsta, Sweden.


Bremer, Fredrika, and Fredrika Bremer. “Biography”. Life, Letters, and Posthumous Works of Fredrika Bremer, edited by Charlotte Bremer et al., translated by. Frederick Milow, Emily Nonnen, Hurd and Houghton, 1868, pp. 1-100.
Bremer, Fredrika. The Neighbours. Translator Howitt, Mary, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1842.
Bremer, Fredrika. The President’s Daughters. Translator Howitt, Mary, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1843.